Bio-based phenol formaldehyde from lignocellulosic biomass

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Utilization of lignocellulosic biomass in the production of bio-based phenol formaldehyde (PF) resin has received a lot of attention over the last decades as a promising raw material to substitute petroleum-based phenol. This chapter provides a general overview of the production of phenolic compound from biomass via several processes such as fast pyrolysis, vacuum pyrolysis, and liquefaction. Various feedstocks from hardwood, softwood, bark, and agricultural waste have been tested for their suitability as phenolics sources. The PF chemistry, biomass structure, and detail methodology are discussed. Their applications and mechanical properties, including internal bonding, modulus of elasticity, and modulus of rapture and flexural testing of the PF resin are presented. Considerable progress has been reported on the utilization of biomass in the production of PF resins. However, still a lot of effort is required to make the bio-based PF resin competitive with the commercial PF.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationFunctional Polymeric Composites
Subtitle of host publicationMacro to Nanoscales
PublisherApple Academic Press
Pages75-96
Number of pages22
ISBN (Electronic)9781771885003
ISBN (Print)9781771884990
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Fingerprint

Phenol
Formaldehyde
Phenols
Biomass
Resins
Pyrolysis
Agricultural wastes
Softwoods
Hardwoods
Petroleum
Liquefaction
Feedstocks
Raw materials
Elastic moduli
Vacuum
Mechanical properties
phenol-formaldehyde resin
Testing
Crude oil

Keywords

  • Lignocellulosic biomass
  • Novolac
  • Phenol formaldehyde
  • Phenolic precursor
  • Resol
  • Thermosetting resins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Materials Science(all)

Cite this

Roslan, R., Zakaria, S., Chia, C. H., Amran, U. A., & Syed Jaafar, S. N. (2017). Bio-based phenol formaldehyde from lignocellulosic biomass. In Functional Polymeric Composites: Macro to Nanoscales (pp. 75-96). Apple Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781315207452

Bio-based phenol formaldehyde from lignocellulosic biomass. / Roslan, Rasidi; Zakaria, Sarani; Chia, Chin Hua; Amran, Umar Adli; Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah.

Functional Polymeric Composites: Macro to Nanoscales. Apple Academic Press, 2017. p. 75-96.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Roslan, R, Zakaria, S, Chia, CH, Amran, UA & Syed Jaafar, SN 2017, Bio-based phenol formaldehyde from lignocellulosic biomass. in Functional Polymeric Composites: Macro to Nanoscales. Apple Academic Press, pp. 75-96. https://doi.org/10.1201/9781315207452
Roslan R, Zakaria S, Chia CH, Amran UA, Syed Jaafar SN. Bio-based phenol formaldehyde from lignocellulosic biomass. In Functional Polymeric Composites: Macro to Nanoscales. Apple Academic Press. 2017. p. 75-96 https://doi.org/10.1201/9781315207452
Roslan, Rasidi ; Zakaria, Sarani ; Chia, Chin Hua ; Amran, Umar Adli ; Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah. / Bio-based phenol formaldehyde from lignocellulosic biomass. Functional Polymeric Composites: Macro to Nanoscales. Apple Academic Press, 2017. pp. 75-96
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