Best management practices for water quality improvement of Bertam River, Malaysia

Mahdieh Eisakhani, Md. Pauzi Abdullah, Othman A. Karim, Amirhossein Malakahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

In this study the water quality of Bertam river in Cameron Highlands, Malaysia was investigated. Bertam river is an important source of water for the downstream area and has numerous intake points for drinking purposes. Initially, four sampling points were selected along the river; at its origin (SP1), after Brinchang town (SP2), after Tanah Rata town (SP3) and after addition of Ulung and Batu Pipih rivers (SP4). Total suspended solid (TSS), total nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), chemical oxygen demand (COD) and E.coli were identified at each sampling point. Samples were collected in two events; average water flow (AFW) and high water flow (HWF). Results indicate that the river is polluted in all sampling points except SP1. Addition of two tributaries to Bertam river resulted in reduction of pollution in SP4. However, huge concentration of TSS was detected at SP2, 4000 ± 10 mg/L and SP3, 1800 ± 11. Also, high concentrations of total nitrogen (17.2 ± 1.3 and 5.8 ± 0.8 mg/L), phosphorous (14.0 ± 1.1 and 2.6 ± 0.2 mg/L) and COD (50.1 ± 0.9 and 38.9 ± 1.1 mg/L) were identified during HWF at SP2 and SP3, respectively. The finding indicates that nonpoint sources mainly agricultural activities and construction sites are the main pollution contributors in Bertam river. Based on water quality findings and origins of pollution, the best management practices (BMPs) in form of non-structural management are suggested to be implemented for pollution prevention and water quality improvement of Bertam river.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3923-3935
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Applied Engineering Research
Volume10
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

Fingerprint

Water quality
Rivers
Pollution
Chemical oxygen demand
Sampling
Water
Nitrogen
Escherichia coli
Phosphorus

Keywords

  • Cameron highlands
  • Non-structural 36 management
  • Nonpoint source pollution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Best management practices for water quality improvement of Bertam River, Malaysia. / Eisakhani, Mahdieh; Abdullah, Md. Pauzi; A. Karim, Othman; Malakahmad, Amirhossein.

In: International Journal of Applied Engineering Research, Vol. 10, No. 2, 01.01.2015, p. 3923-3935.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Eisakhani, Mahdieh ; Abdullah, Md. Pauzi ; A. Karim, Othman ; Malakahmad, Amirhossein. / Best management practices for water quality improvement of Bertam River, Malaysia. In: International Journal of Applied Engineering Research. 2015 ; Vol. 10, No. 2. pp. 3923-3935.
@article{9ba74a22a48b4a88a9ac814aaf4e37eb,
title = "Best management practices for water quality improvement of Bertam River, Malaysia",
abstract = "In this study the water quality of Bertam river in Cameron Highlands, Malaysia was investigated. Bertam river is an important source of water for the downstream area and has numerous intake points for drinking purposes. Initially, four sampling points were selected along the river; at its origin (SP1), after Brinchang town (SP2), after Tanah Rata town (SP3) and after addition of Ulung and Batu Pipih rivers (SP4). Total suspended solid (TSS), total nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), chemical oxygen demand (COD) and E.coli were identified at each sampling point. Samples were collected in two events; average water flow (AFW) and high water flow (HWF). Results indicate that the river is polluted in all sampling points except SP1. Addition of two tributaries to Bertam river resulted in reduction of pollution in SP4. However, huge concentration of TSS was detected at SP2, 4000 ± 10 mg/L and SP3, 1800 ± 11. Also, high concentrations of total nitrogen (17.2 ± 1.3 and 5.8 ± 0.8 mg/L), phosphorous (14.0 ± 1.1 and 2.6 ± 0.2 mg/L) and COD (50.1 ± 0.9 and 38.9 ± 1.1 mg/L) were identified during HWF at SP2 and SP3, respectively. The finding indicates that nonpoint sources mainly agricultural activities and construction sites are the main pollution contributors in Bertam river. Based on water quality findings and origins of pollution, the best management practices (BMPs) in form of non-structural management are suggested to be implemented for pollution prevention and water quality improvement of Bertam river.",
keywords = "Cameron highlands, Non-structural 36 management, Nonpoint source pollution",
author = "Mahdieh Eisakhani and Abdullah, {Md. Pauzi} and {A. Karim}, Othman and Amirhossein Malakahmad",
year = "2015",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
pages = "3923--3935",
journal = "International Journal of Applied Engineering Research",
issn = "0973-4562",
publisher = "Research India Publications",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Best management practices for water quality improvement of Bertam River, Malaysia

AU - Eisakhani, Mahdieh

AU - Abdullah, Md. Pauzi

AU - A. Karim, Othman

AU - Malakahmad, Amirhossein

PY - 2015/1/1

Y1 - 2015/1/1

N2 - In this study the water quality of Bertam river in Cameron Highlands, Malaysia was investigated. Bertam river is an important source of water for the downstream area and has numerous intake points for drinking purposes. Initially, four sampling points were selected along the river; at its origin (SP1), after Brinchang town (SP2), after Tanah Rata town (SP3) and after addition of Ulung and Batu Pipih rivers (SP4). Total suspended solid (TSS), total nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), chemical oxygen demand (COD) and E.coli were identified at each sampling point. Samples were collected in two events; average water flow (AFW) and high water flow (HWF). Results indicate that the river is polluted in all sampling points except SP1. Addition of two tributaries to Bertam river resulted in reduction of pollution in SP4. However, huge concentration of TSS was detected at SP2, 4000 ± 10 mg/L and SP3, 1800 ± 11. Also, high concentrations of total nitrogen (17.2 ± 1.3 and 5.8 ± 0.8 mg/L), phosphorous (14.0 ± 1.1 and 2.6 ± 0.2 mg/L) and COD (50.1 ± 0.9 and 38.9 ± 1.1 mg/L) were identified during HWF at SP2 and SP3, respectively. The finding indicates that nonpoint sources mainly agricultural activities and construction sites are the main pollution contributors in Bertam river. Based on water quality findings and origins of pollution, the best management practices (BMPs) in form of non-structural management are suggested to be implemented for pollution prevention and water quality improvement of Bertam river.

AB - In this study the water quality of Bertam river in Cameron Highlands, Malaysia was investigated. Bertam river is an important source of water for the downstream area and has numerous intake points for drinking purposes. Initially, four sampling points were selected along the river; at its origin (SP1), after Brinchang town (SP2), after Tanah Rata town (SP3) and after addition of Ulung and Batu Pipih rivers (SP4). Total suspended solid (TSS), total nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P), chemical oxygen demand (COD) and E.coli were identified at each sampling point. Samples were collected in two events; average water flow (AFW) and high water flow (HWF). Results indicate that the river is polluted in all sampling points except SP1. Addition of two tributaries to Bertam river resulted in reduction of pollution in SP4. However, huge concentration of TSS was detected at SP2, 4000 ± 10 mg/L and SP3, 1800 ± 11. Also, high concentrations of total nitrogen (17.2 ± 1.3 and 5.8 ± 0.8 mg/L), phosphorous (14.0 ± 1.1 and 2.6 ± 0.2 mg/L) and COD (50.1 ± 0.9 and 38.9 ± 1.1 mg/L) were identified during HWF at SP2 and SP3, respectively. The finding indicates that nonpoint sources mainly agricultural activities and construction sites are the main pollution contributors in Bertam river. Based on water quality findings and origins of pollution, the best management practices (BMPs) in form of non-structural management are suggested to be implemented for pollution prevention and water quality improvement of Bertam river.

KW - Cameron highlands

KW - Non-structural 36 management

KW - Nonpoint source pollution

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84959855712&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84959855712&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84959855712

VL - 10

SP - 3923

EP - 3935

JO - International Journal of Applied Engineering Research

JF - International Journal of Applied Engineering Research

SN - 0973-4562

IS - 2

ER -