Behavioural outcome in children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia: Experience of a single centre

Arini Nuran Idris, Viji Chandran, Syed Zulkifli Syed Zakaria, Rahmah Rasat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine the behavioral outcome in children with CAH and to identify the risk factors that may influence it. Participants (aged 6-18 years) included 29 girls and 20 boys with CAH and unaffected siblings (25 girls and 17 boys). Psychological adjustment was assessed with parent reports on the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL). Information about disease characteristics was obtained from medical records. Our study reveals that there was higher incidence of parent-reported problem of anxious/depressed and withdrawn/depressed behaviours, somatic complaints, social, thought, and attention problems, and rule-breaking, aggressive, internalizing, and externalizing behaviour among children with CAH compared to controls. The prevalence of internalizing behaviour problems was higher in CAH boys compared with that of controls. Psychosocial adjustment of girls with CAH was found to be similar to unaffected female controls and was within the normal population range. Family income may be associated with behavioral outcome. Glucocorticoid dose may reflect disease severity which may be associated with behavioral outcome. We conclude that internalizing behavioral problem was prevalent among boys with CAH reflecting maladaptive adjustment in coping with chronic illness. This highlighted the importance of psychological and social support for the patients and their families.

Original languageEnglish
Article number483718
JournalInternational Journal of Endocrinology
Volume2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

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Congenital Adrenal Hyperplasia
Social Adjustment
Child Behavior
Checklist
Social Support
Glucocorticoids
Medical Records
Siblings
Reference Values
Chronic Disease
Psychology
Incidence
Population
Problem Behavior

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Behavioural outcome in children with congenital adrenal hyperplasia : Experience of a single centre. / Idris, Arini Nuran; Chandran, Viji; Syed Zakaria, Syed Zulkifli; Rasat, Rahmah.

In: International Journal of Endocrinology, Vol. 2014, 483718, 2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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