Behavioral change due to climate change effects accelerate tiger human conflicts

A study on Sundarbans mangrove forests, Bangladesh

Mohammad Zahirul Haque, Mohammad Imam Hasan Reza, Sahibin @ Sahibini Abd Rahim, Md. Pauzi Abdullah, Rahmah Elfithri, Mazlin Mokhtar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The change in climate has been observed over comparable periods of time. Mangrove ecosystem and its biodiversity are threatened due to climate change. Sundarbans mangrove ecoregion situated in Bangladesh (~62%) and India (~38%) is a bioclimatic zone. Sundarbans is one of the largest reserves for the Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris L) which is the top predator. Therefore, it helps to regulate the number and distribution of prey, which in turn impacts forest structure, composition and regeneration. As climate change affects the flora and fauna in this ecosystem, these may be impaired because of migration of the species. The tigers become stray from forests to human inhabitants and causes tiger human conflicts which often results in retaliatory killings of tiger and human and or livestock. Therefore, the main objective of this study is to identify the effects of climate change towards the salinity intrusion and biodiversity, modification of floral and faunal composition, habitat loss and behavioral change of wildlife, which ultimately identify the factors for accelerating tiger human conflicts. It reviewed related literature through various websites and the secondary data were quoted with necessary modification. The primary data obtained from the office records of Bangladesh Forest Department and a social surveying was conducted on livelihood profile of the people living surrounding the Sundarbans to identify the relations between tiger attacking and their livelihood and living style. We used ArcGIS 9.3 to visualize the tiger habitat and trigger up the causes of root of conflicts between human and tiger. The results reveal the climate change effects in the Sundarbans Mangrove forest through changing its biodiversity composition in terms of loss of wildlife habitats which is responsible for accelerating tiger human conflicts. It suggests, a social and cultural revolution for sustainable alternative livelihood of forest-dependent population i.e., Alternative Income Generation (AIG), modification of the formal legal system, institutional development and in depth research can minimize these issues towards the sustainability of Sundarbans mangrove forest.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)669-684
Number of pages16
JournalInternational Journal of Conservation Science
Volume6
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2015

Fingerprint

mangrove
climate change
biodiversity
institutional development
legal system
ecosystem
ecoregion
habitat loss
surveying
conflict
effect
Bangladesh
Climate Change
livestock
flora
regeneration
sustainability
income
predator
fauna

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Stray tiger
  • Sundarbans mangrove forests
  • Tiger human conflicts
  • Wildlife habitat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Conservation
  • Nature and Landscape Conservation

Cite this

Behavioral change due to climate change effects accelerate tiger human conflicts : A study on Sundarbans mangrove forests, Bangladesh. / Haque, Mohammad Zahirul; Reza, Mohammad Imam Hasan; Abd Rahim, Sahibin @ Sahibini; Abdullah, Md. Pauzi; Elfithri, Rahmah; Mokhtar, Mazlin.

In: International Journal of Conservation Science, Vol. 6, No. 4, 2015, p. 669-684.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Haque, Mohammad Zahirul ; Reza, Mohammad Imam Hasan ; Abd Rahim, Sahibin @ Sahibini ; Abdullah, Md. Pauzi ; Elfithri, Rahmah ; Mokhtar, Mazlin. / Behavioral change due to climate change effects accelerate tiger human conflicts : A study on Sundarbans mangrove forests, Bangladesh. In: International Journal of Conservation Science. 2015 ; Vol. 6, No. 4. pp. 669-684.
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