Asymmetric supercapacitor based on NiO and activated carbon monolith from fibers of oil palm empty fruit bunches

N. H. Basri, Mohamad Deraman, Md Suleman, P. S. Khiew, Baharudin Yatim, N. S M Nor, N. E S Sazali, E. Hamdan, M. F Y M Hanappi, W. F W Bakri, N. S M Tajuddin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Hybrid supercapacitor or asymmetric cell made of composite electrode consists of nanoparticles NiO (75, 80, 85 wt.%), activated carbon powder (ACP) and PTFE binder (5 wt.%) as cathode paired with porous KOH treated activated carbon monolith (ACM) electrode from oil palm empty fruit bunches as anode have been fabricated. The physical characteristics of composite electrodes have been investigated by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The density and resistivity of the composite electrodes have been measured and found to be increased with percentage of NiO composition. The supercapacitor performance of both symmetric and asymmetric configuration have been investigated in 6 M KOH electrolyte medium using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge discharge (GCD) techniques. The CV results at 1 mV s-1 for the asymmetric cell demonstrate that the presence of ACM as an anode can improve the supercapacitor cell performance, as shown by the cell composed of composite electrode that consist 75 wt.% of NiO, which optimally exhibits 164 % increase in the value of Csp. The same trend is observed by the GCD results. The GCD results show that the presence of porous ACM electrodes has increase the specific energy value from 0.14 Wh kg-1 (without ACM) to 0.24, 0.51 and 0.66 W h kg-1, and the specific power from 94.9 to 122.0 W kg-1 corresponding to asymmetric cell consist of 75, 80, 85 wt.% of NiO, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1784
ISBN (Electronic)9780735414464
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Nov 2016
Event2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016 - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 13 Apr 201614 Apr 2016

Other

Other2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period13/4/1614/4/16

Fingerprint

fruits
electrochemical capacitors
activated carbon
oils
fibers
electrodes
carbon
cells
composite materials
anodes
field emission
cathodes
electrolytes
trends
nanoparticles
electrical resistivity
scanning electron microscopy
configurations

Keywords

  • activated carbon
  • hybrid energy storage device
  • supercapacitor

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Basri, N. H., Deraman, M., Suleman, M., Khiew, P. S., Yatim, B., Nor, N. S. M., ... Tajuddin, N. S. M. (2016). Asymmetric supercapacitor based on NiO and activated carbon monolith from fibers of oil palm empty fruit bunches. In 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium (Vol. 1784). [040007] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966793

Asymmetric supercapacitor based on NiO and activated carbon monolith from fibers of oil palm empty fruit bunches. / Basri, N. H.; Deraman, Mohamad; Suleman, Md; Khiew, P. S.; Yatim, Baharudin; Nor, N. S M; Sazali, N. E S; Hamdan, E.; Hanappi, M. F Y M; Bakri, W. F W; Tajuddin, N. S M.

2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016. 040007.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Basri, NH, Deraman, M, Suleman, M, Khiew, PS, Yatim, B, Nor, NSM, Sazali, NES, Hamdan, E, Hanappi, MFYM, Bakri, WFW & Tajuddin, NSM 2016, Asymmetric supercapacitor based on NiO and activated carbon monolith from fibers of oil palm empty fruit bunches. in 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. vol. 1784, 040007, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology, UKM FST 2016, Selangor, Malaysia, 13/4/16. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966793
Basri NH, Deraman M, Suleman M, Khiew PS, Yatim B, Nor NSM et al. Asymmetric supercapacitor based on NiO and activated carbon monolith from fibers of oil palm empty fruit bunches. In 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2016. 040007 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4966793
Basri, N. H. ; Deraman, Mohamad ; Suleman, Md ; Khiew, P. S. ; Yatim, Baharudin ; Nor, N. S M ; Sazali, N. E S ; Hamdan, E. ; Hanappi, M. F Y M ; Bakri, W. F W ; Tajuddin, N. S M. / Asymmetric supercapacitor based on NiO and activated carbon monolith from fibers of oil palm empty fruit bunches. 2016 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2016 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1784 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2016.
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abstract = "Hybrid supercapacitor or asymmetric cell made of composite electrode consists of nanoparticles NiO (75, 80, 85 wt.{\%}), activated carbon powder (ACP) and PTFE binder (5 wt.{\%}) as cathode paired with porous KOH treated activated carbon monolith (ACM) electrode from oil palm empty fruit bunches as anode have been fabricated. The physical characteristics of composite electrodes have been investigated by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The density and resistivity of the composite electrodes have been measured and found to be increased with percentage of NiO composition. The supercapacitor performance of both symmetric and asymmetric configuration have been investigated in 6 M KOH electrolyte medium using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge discharge (GCD) techniques. The CV results at 1 mV s-1 for the asymmetric cell demonstrate that the presence of ACM as an anode can improve the supercapacitor cell performance, as shown by the cell composed of composite electrode that consist 75 wt.{\%} of NiO, which optimally exhibits 164 {\%} increase in the value of Csp. The same trend is observed by the GCD results. The GCD results show that the presence of porous ACM electrodes has increase the specific energy value from 0.14 Wh kg-1 (without ACM) to 0.24, 0.51 and 0.66 W h kg-1, and the specific power from 94.9 to 122.0 W kg-1 corresponding to asymmetric cell consist of 75, 80, 85 wt.{\%} of NiO, respectively.",
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AU - Yatim, Baharudin

AU - Nor, N. S M

AU - Sazali, N. E S

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AU - Hanappi, M. F Y M

AU - Bakri, W. F W

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N2 - Hybrid supercapacitor or asymmetric cell made of composite electrode consists of nanoparticles NiO (75, 80, 85 wt.%), activated carbon powder (ACP) and PTFE binder (5 wt.%) as cathode paired with porous KOH treated activated carbon monolith (ACM) electrode from oil palm empty fruit bunches as anode have been fabricated. The physical characteristics of composite electrodes have been investigated by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The density and resistivity of the composite electrodes have been measured and found to be increased with percentage of NiO composition. The supercapacitor performance of both symmetric and asymmetric configuration have been investigated in 6 M KOH electrolyte medium using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge discharge (GCD) techniques. The CV results at 1 mV s-1 for the asymmetric cell demonstrate that the presence of ACM as an anode can improve the supercapacitor cell performance, as shown by the cell composed of composite electrode that consist 75 wt.% of NiO, which optimally exhibits 164 % increase in the value of Csp. The same trend is observed by the GCD results. The GCD results show that the presence of porous ACM electrodes has increase the specific energy value from 0.14 Wh kg-1 (without ACM) to 0.24, 0.51 and 0.66 W h kg-1, and the specific power from 94.9 to 122.0 W kg-1 corresponding to asymmetric cell consist of 75, 80, 85 wt.% of NiO, respectively.

AB - Hybrid supercapacitor or asymmetric cell made of composite electrode consists of nanoparticles NiO (75, 80, 85 wt.%), activated carbon powder (ACP) and PTFE binder (5 wt.%) as cathode paired with porous KOH treated activated carbon monolith (ACM) electrode from oil palm empty fruit bunches as anode have been fabricated. The physical characteristics of composite electrodes have been investigated by field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM). The density and resistivity of the composite electrodes have been measured and found to be increased with percentage of NiO composition. The supercapacitor performance of both symmetric and asymmetric configuration have been investigated in 6 M KOH electrolyte medium using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and galvanostatic charge discharge (GCD) techniques. The CV results at 1 mV s-1 for the asymmetric cell demonstrate that the presence of ACM as an anode can improve the supercapacitor cell performance, as shown by the cell composed of composite electrode that consist 75 wt.% of NiO, which optimally exhibits 164 % increase in the value of Csp. The same trend is observed by the GCD results. The GCD results show that the presence of porous ACM electrodes has increase the specific energy value from 0.14 Wh kg-1 (without ACM) to 0.24, 0.51 and 0.66 W h kg-1, and the specific power from 94.9 to 122.0 W kg-1 corresponding to asymmetric cell consist of 75, 80, 85 wt.% of NiO, respectively.

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