Astrolabe as portal to the universe, inventions across civilizations

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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Abstract

This article overviews the history of astrolabe invention from early Greek astronomy until the peak of the golden age of Islamic astronomy (al-falaq). It also highlights the importance of the astrolabe as the key to learning about the universe, an instrument which outlasted civilisations, both Islamic and non-Islamic, as the key to learning about the Universe. The research method used is qualitative and involved document analysis and observations of works on astrolabes done by numerous scholars in order to obtain data on use of this device in astronomy. History and Islamic astronomy sources were referenced to understand the significant use of this device. The astrolabe is a perpetuity analogue device for astronomical calculation and observation. The concept behind the astrolabe became a foundation for development of the latest digital astronomical devices and it became a symbol of the inventiveness of Islamic civilization scholars since the Muslims used it the longest. Thus, knowledge of the astrolabe's evolution should be documented as one of the glorious achievements of the Islamic civilisation in efforts to galvanize and intensify related fields such as the development of Islamic astronomy in Malaysia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)609-619
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology
Volume8
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 1 Nov 2017

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Astronomy
Patents and inventions

Keywords

  • Analogue computer
  • Astrolabe
  • Astronomic instrument
  • Islamic astronomy
  • Safiha

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Metals and Alloys

Cite this

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title = "Astrolabe as portal to the universe, inventions across civilizations",
abstract = "This article overviews the history of astrolabe invention from early Greek astronomy until the peak of the golden age of Islamic astronomy (al-falaq). It also highlights the importance of the astrolabe as the key to learning about the universe, an instrument which outlasted civilisations, both Islamic and non-Islamic, as the key to learning about the Universe. The research method used is qualitative and involved document analysis and observations of works on astrolabes done by numerous scholars in order to obtain data on use of this device in astronomy. History and Islamic astronomy sources were referenced to understand the significant use of this device. The astrolabe is a perpetuity analogue device for astronomical calculation and observation. The concept behind the astrolabe became a foundation for development of the latest digital astronomical devices and it became a symbol of the inventiveness of Islamic civilization scholars since the Muslims used it the longest. Thus, knowledge of the astrolabe's evolution should be documented as one of the glorious achievements of the Islamic civilisation in efforts to galvanize and intensify related fields such as the development of Islamic astronomy in Malaysia.",
keywords = "Analogue computer, Astrolabe, Astronomic instrument, Islamic astronomy, Safiha",
author = "{Mohd Hafiz}, Safiai and Ibrahim, {Ibnor Azli} and Jamsari, {Ezad Azraai} and Nasir, {Badlihisham Mohd} and Ahmad, {Md. Yazid}",
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AU - Ibrahim, Ibnor Azli

AU - Jamsari, Ezad Azraai

AU - Nasir, Badlihisham Mohd

AU - Ahmad, Md. Yazid

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N2 - This article overviews the history of astrolabe invention from early Greek astronomy until the peak of the golden age of Islamic astronomy (al-falaq). It also highlights the importance of the astrolabe as the key to learning about the universe, an instrument which outlasted civilisations, both Islamic and non-Islamic, as the key to learning about the Universe. The research method used is qualitative and involved document analysis and observations of works on astrolabes done by numerous scholars in order to obtain data on use of this device in astronomy. History and Islamic astronomy sources were referenced to understand the significant use of this device. The astrolabe is a perpetuity analogue device for astronomical calculation and observation. The concept behind the astrolabe became a foundation for development of the latest digital astronomical devices and it became a symbol of the inventiveness of Islamic civilization scholars since the Muslims used it the longest. Thus, knowledge of the astrolabe's evolution should be documented as one of the glorious achievements of the Islamic civilisation in efforts to galvanize and intensify related fields such as the development of Islamic astronomy in Malaysia.

AB - This article overviews the history of astrolabe invention from early Greek astronomy until the peak of the golden age of Islamic astronomy (al-falaq). It also highlights the importance of the astrolabe as the key to learning about the universe, an instrument which outlasted civilisations, both Islamic and non-Islamic, as the key to learning about the Universe. The research method used is qualitative and involved document analysis and observations of works on astrolabes done by numerous scholars in order to obtain data on use of this device in astronomy. History and Islamic astronomy sources were referenced to understand the significant use of this device. The astrolabe is a perpetuity analogue device for astronomical calculation and observation. The concept behind the astrolabe became a foundation for development of the latest digital astronomical devices and it became a symbol of the inventiveness of Islamic civilization scholars since the Muslims used it the longest. Thus, knowledge of the astrolabe's evolution should be documented as one of the glorious achievements of the Islamic civilisation in efforts to galvanize and intensify related fields such as the development of Islamic astronomy in Malaysia.

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KW - Astronomic instrument

KW - Islamic astronomy

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