Association of job sectors with type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia and obesity: A cross-sectional study from the Malaysian Cohort (TMC) project

Boekhtiar Borhanuddin, Norfazilah Ahmad, Shamsul Azhar Shah, Nor Azian Abdul Murad, Syed Zulkifli Syed Zakaria, Mohd Arman Kamaruddin, Nazihah Abd Jalal, Nurul Ain Mhd Yusuf, Afzan Effiza Abdul Patah, Andri Dauni, Wan Ahmad Faisal Wan Sallam, A. Rahman A. Jamal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The investigation of risk factors of cardiovascular disease (e.g., major endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases) across job sectors is useful for targeted public health intervention. This study examined the occurrence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), hypercholesterolemia and obesity in 21 job sectors in the general population. Methods: A baseline cross-sectional analysis of the Malaysian Cohort was conducted, which included 105 391 adults. Multiple logistic regression analyses were conducted for these three diseases across 20 job sectors compared with the unemployed/homemaker sector. Results: The prevalence of T2DM, hypercholesterolemia and obesity was 16.7%, 38.8% and 33.3%, respectively. The Accommodation & Food Service Activities and Transportation & Storage sectors had significantly higher odds for T2DM (adjusted [adj.] prevalence odds ratio [POR] 1.18, p=0.007 and adj. POR 1.15, p=0.008, respectively). No job sector had significantly higher odds for hypercholesterolemia compared with the unemployed/homemaker sector. Only the Accommodation & Food Service Activities sector had significantly higher odds for obesity (adj. POR 1.17, p≤0.001). Conclusions: Many job sectors were significantly associated with lower odds of having these three diseases when compared with the unemployed/homemaker sector. These differing associations between diverse job sectors and these diseases are important for public health intervention initiatives and prioritization.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)382-390
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Health
Volume10
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Hypercholesterolemia
cross-sectional study
Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus
chronic illness
Obesity
Cross-Sectional Studies
Food Services
Disease
Odds Ratio
Nutritional and Metabolic Diseases
Public Health
Endocrine System Diseases
accommodation
public health
food
Cardiovascular Diseases
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis
logistics
Population

Keywords

  • Diabetes
  • Epidemiology
  • Hypercholesterolemia
  • Malaysia
  • Obesity
  • Work

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Association of job sectors with type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia and obesity : A cross-sectional study from the Malaysian Cohort (TMC) project. / Borhanuddin, Boekhtiar; Ahmad, Norfazilah; Shah, Shamsul Azhar; Abdul Murad, Nor Azian; Syed Zakaria, Syed Zulkifli; Kamaruddin, Mohd Arman; Jalal, Nazihah Abd; Yusuf, Nurul Ain Mhd; Patah, Afzan Effiza Abdul; Dauni, Andri; Wan Sallam, Wan Ahmad Faisal; A. Jamal, A. Rahman.

In: International Health, Vol. 10, No. 5, 01.01.2018, p. 382-390.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Borhanuddin, Boekhtiar ; Ahmad, Norfazilah ; Shah, Shamsul Azhar ; Abdul Murad, Nor Azian ; Syed Zakaria, Syed Zulkifli ; Kamaruddin, Mohd Arman ; Jalal, Nazihah Abd ; Yusuf, Nurul Ain Mhd ; Patah, Afzan Effiza Abdul ; Dauni, Andri ; Wan Sallam, Wan Ahmad Faisal ; A. Jamal, A. Rahman. / Association of job sectors with type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypercholesterolemia and obesity : A cross-sectional study from the Malaysian Cohort (TMC) project. In: International Health. 2018 ; Vol. 10, No. 5. pp. 382-390.
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AU - Shah, Shamsul Azhar

AU - Abdul Murad, Nor Azian

AU - Syed Zakaria, Syed Zulkifli

AU - Kamaruddin, Mohd Arman

AU - Jalal, Nazihah Abd

AU - Yusuf, Nurul Ain Mhd

AU - Patah, Afzan Effiza Abdul

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AU - Wan Sallam, Wan Ahmad Faisal

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