Association between risk factors of osteoporosis and bone mineral density in women of different ethnic groups in a Malaysian hospital

P. J. Chan, Z. Z. Nurul, J. S. Chuah, M. M A Nabil, Isa Naina Mohamed, Sabarul Afian Mokhtar, Ahmad Nazrun Shuid

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Abstract

Risk factors of osteoporosis need to be identified for prevention of osteoporosis. However, studies on the risk factors of osteoporosis in the Malaysian population are lacking. The study aimed to determine the relationship between potential risk factors of osteoporosis and hip BMD of postmenopausal women in a Malaysian tertiary hospital setting. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 76 postmenopausal women, who were scheduled for Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) scan at UKM Medical Centre (UKMMC) from February to May, 2014. Interview sessions using structured questionnaire were conducted to obtain information on social demographic and potential risk factors of osteoporosis. The DXA scan results of the hip BMD for all the respondents were recorded to determine the association between the potential risk factors of osteoporosis and hip BMD. In this study, 44.7% of patients had normal hip BMD measurement (T score >-1.0), while 55.3% had low hip BMD measurement (T score<-1.0). Ethnic-wise, among those who had low hip BMD measurement, 62% were Chinese, 26% were Malay, 10% were Indian and 2% were other ethnic groups. There were significant association between hip BMD with parity (p = 0.049), daily habitual tea consumption (p = 0.022), duration of sleep (p = 0.021) and Body Mass Index (BMI) (p = 0.041). There were no significant association (p>0.05) between hip BMD and family history of osteoporosis, lifestyle activities and smoking. Parity, habitual tea consumption and BMI were positively associated with hip BMD, whereas duration of sleep was negatively associated with hip BMD among postmenopausal women in UKMMC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-11
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Osteoporosis and Metabolic Disorders
Volume7
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Ethnic Groups
Bone Density
Osteoporosis
Hip
Photon Absorptiometry
Tea
Parity
Tertiary Care Centers
Life Style
Sleep
Cross-Sectional Studies
Smoking
Demography
Interviews
Population

Keywords

  • Bone mineral density
  • Osteoporosis
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

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title = "Association between risk factors of osteoporosis and bone mineral density in women of different ethnic groups in a Malaysian hospital",
abstract = "Risk factors of osteoporosis need to be identified for prevention of osteoporosis. However, studies on the risk factors of osteoporosis in the Malaysian population are lacking. The study aimed to determine the relationship between potential risk factors of osteoporosis and hip BMD of postmenopausal women in a Malaysian tertiary hospital setting. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 76 postmenopausal women, who were scheduled for Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) scan at UKM Medical Centre (UKMMC) from February to May, 2014. Interview sessions using structured questionnaire were conducted to obtain information on social demographic and potential risk factors of osteoporosis. The DXA scan results of the hip BMD for all the respondents were recorded to determine the association between the potential risk factors of osteoporosis and hip BMD. In this study, 44.7{\%} of patients had normal hip BMD measurement (T score >-1.0), while 55.3{\%} had low hip BMD measurement (T score<-1.0). Ethnic-wise, among those who had low hip BMD measurement, 62{\%} were Chinese, 26{\%} were Malay, 10{\%} were Indian and 2{\%} were other ethnic groups. There were significant association between hip BMD with parity (p = 0.049), daily habitual tea consumption (p = 0.022), duration of sleep (p = 0.021) and Body Mass Index (BMI) (p = 0.041). There were no significant association (p>0.05) between hip BMD and family history of osteoporosis, lifestyle activities and smoking. Parity, habitual tea consumption and BMI were positively associated with hip BMD, whereas duration of sleep was negatively associated with hip BMD among postmenopausal women in UKMMC.",
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author = "Chan, {P. J.} and Nurul, {Z. Z.} and Chuah, {J. S.} and Nabil, {M. M A} and {Naina Mohamed}, Isa and Mokhtar, {Sabarul Afian} and Shuid, {Ahmad Nazrun}",
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AU - Naina Mohamed, Isa

AU - Mokhtar, Sabarul Afian

AU - Shuid, Ahmad Nazrun

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AB - Risk factors of osteoporosis need to be identified for prevention of osteoporosis. However, studies on the risk factors of osteoporosis in the Malaysian population are lacking. The study aimed to determine the relationship between potential risk factors of osteoporosis and hip BMD of postmenopausal women in a Malaysian tertiary hospital setting. A cross-sectional study was carried out on 76 postmenopausal women, who were scheduled for Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DXA) scan at UKM Medical Centre (UKMMC) from February to May, 2014. Interview sessions using structured questionnaire were conducted to obtain information on social demographic and potential risk factors of osteoporosis. The DXA scan results of the hip BMD for all the respondents were recorded to determine the association between the potential risk factors of osteoporosis and hip BMD. In this study, 44.7% of patients had normal hip BMD measurement (T score >-1.0), while 55.3% had low hip BMD measurement (T score<-1.0). Ethnic-wise, among those who had low hip BMD measurement, 62% were Chinese, 26% were Malay, 10% were Indian and 2% were other ethnic groups. There were significant association between hip BMD with parity (p = 0.049), daily habitual tea consumption (p = 0.022), duration of sleep (p = 0.021) and Body Mass Index (BMI) (p = 0.041). There were no significant association (p>0.05) between hip BMD and family history of osteoporosis, lifestyle activities and smoking. Parity, habitual tea consumption and BMI were positively associated with hip BMD, whereas duration of sleep was negatively associated with hip BMD among postmenopausal women in UKMMC.

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