Association between oral health-related quality of life and nutritional status among older adults in district of Kuala Pilah, Malaysia

Tanti Irawati Rosli, Yoke Mun Chan, Rahimah Abdul Kadir, Tengku Aizan Abdul Hamid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Background: Poor oral health has an impact on food choices and intake of important nutrients among older population. The use of oral health-related quality of life instruments along with the clinical dental indicators can help to assess the oral problems that lead to nutritional problems in this group. This study aims to determine the association between oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and nutritional status among a group of older adults in Kuala Pilah district, Malaysia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 446 older adults aged 50 years and above from 20 randomly selected villages. Respondents were interviewed to collect information on their demographic characteristics and oral health perception, followed by physical examination to measure height, weight and body mass index (BMI) of respondents. The validated Malay version of General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) was used to measure OHRQoL. Results: About one-third (35.8%) of the respondents had normal BMI. Majority of the respondents were overweight (40.4%) and obese (19.9%), while only a small proportion was underweight (3.9%). Mean GOHAI score was 53.3 (SD = 4.7), indicating low perception of oral health. About 81.6% respondents had moderate to low perception of oral health. Logistic regression analysis showed a statistically significant association between the GOHAI and BMI scores (OR = 2.3; p < 0.01). Conclusions: Oral health-related quality of life was significantly associated with nutritional condition of respondents. Older adults with poor perception of their oral health were more likely to have unsatisfactory BMI compared to those who perceived their oral health to be good.

Original languageEnglish
Article number547
JournalBMC Public Health
Volume19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jun 2019

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Oral Health
Nutritional Status
Quality of Life
Body Mass Index
Thinness
Physical Examination
Surveys and Questionnaires
Tooth
Cross-Sectional Studies
Eating
Logistic Models
Regression Analysis

Keywords

  • BMI
  • Elderly
  • GOHAI
  • Nutritional status
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Association between oral health-related quality of life and nutritional status among older adults in district of Kuala Pilah, Malaysia. / Rosli, Tanti Irawati; Chan, Yoke Mun; Kadir, Rahimah Abdul; Hamid, Tengku Aizan Abdul.

In: BMC Public Health, Vol. 19, 547, 13.06.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{f149cf9766504001b2089b1070b27de9,
title = "Association between oral health-related quality of life and nutritional status among older adults in district of Kuala Pilah, Malaysia",
abstract = "Background: Poor oral health has an impact on food choices and intake of important nutrients among older population. The use of oral health-related quality of life instruments along with the clinical dental indicators can help to assess the oral problems that lead to nutritional problems in this group. This study aims to determine the association between oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and nutritional status among a group of older adults in Kuala Pilah district, Malaysia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 446 older adults aged 50 years and above from 20 randomly selected villages. Respondents were interviewed to collect information on their demographic characteristics and oral health perception, followed by physical examination to measure height, weight and body mass index (BMI) of respondents. The validated Malay version of General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) was used to measure OHRQoL. Results: About one-third (35.8{\%}) of the respondents had normal BMI. Majority of the respondents were overweight (40.4{\%}) and obese (19.9{\%}), while only a small proportion was underweight (3.9{\%}). Mean GOHAI score was 53.3 (SD = 4.7), indicating low perception of oral health. About 81.6{\%} respondents had moderate to low perception of oral health. Logistic regression analysis showed a statistically significant association between the GOHAI and BMI scores (OR = 2.3; p < 0.01). Conclusions: Oral health-related quality of life was significantly associated with nutritional condition of respondents. Older adults with poor perception of their oral health were more likely to have unsatisfactory BMI compared to those who perceived their oral health to be good.",
keywords = "BMI, Elderly, GOHAI, Nutritional status, Quality of life",
author = "Rosli, {Tanti Irawati} and Chan, {Yoke Mun} and Kadir, {Rahimah Abdul} and Hamid, {Tengku Aizan Abdul}",
year = "2019",
month = "6",
day = "13",
doi = "10.1186/s12889-019-6867-1",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
journal = "BMC Public Health",
issn = "1471-2458",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association between oral health-related quality of life and nutritional status among older adults in district of Kuala Pilah, Malaysia

AU - Rosli, Tanti Irawati

AU - Chan, Yoke Mun

AU - Kadir, Rahimah Abdul

AU - Hamid, Tengku Aizan Abdul

PY - 2019/6/13

Y1 - 2019/6/13

N2 - Background: Poor oral health has an impact on food choices and intake of important nutrients among older population. The use of oral health-related quality of life instruments along with the clinical dental indicators can help to assess the oral problems that lead to nutritional problems in this group. This study aims to determine the association between oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and nutritional status among a group of older adults in Kuala Pilah district, Malaysia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 446 older adults aged 50 years and above from 20 randomly selected villages. Respondents were interviewed to collect information on their demographic characteristics and oral health perception, followed by physical examination to measure height, weight and body mass index (BMI) of respondents. The validated Malay version of General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) was used to measure OHRQoL. Results: About one-third (35.8%) of the respondents had normal BMI. Majority of the respondents were overweight (40.4%) and obese (19.9%), while only a small proportion was underweight (3.9%). Mean GOHAI score was 53.3 (SD = 4.7), indicating low perception of oral health. About 81.6% respondents had moderate to low perception of oral health. Logistic regression analysis showed a statistically significant association between the GOHAI and BMI scores (OR = 2.3; p < 0.01). Conclusions: Oral health-related quality of life was significantly associated with nutritional condition of respondents. Older adults with poor perception of their oral health were more likely to have unsatisfactory BMI compared to those who perceived their oral health to be good.

AB - Background: Poor oral health has an impact on food choices and intake of important nutrients among older population. The use of oral health-related quality of life instruments along with the clinical dental indicators can help to assess the oral problems that lead to nutritional problems in this group. This study aims to determine the association between oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and nutritional status among a group of older adults in Kuala Pilah district, Malaysia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on 446 older adults aged 50 years and above from 20 randomly selected villages. Respondents were interviewed to collect information on their demographic characteristics and oral health perception, followed by physical examination to measure height, weight and body mass index (BMI) of respondents. The validated Malay version of General Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) was used to measure OHRQoL. Results: About one-third (35.8%) of the respondents had normal BMI. Majority of the respondents were overweight (40.4%) and obese (19.9%), while only a small proportion was underweight (3.9%). Mean GOHAI score was 53.3 (SD = 4.7), indicating low perception of oral health. About 81.6% respondents had moderate to low perception of oral health. Logistic regression analysis showed a statistically significant association between the GOHAI and BMI scores (OR = 2.3; p < 0.01). Conclusions: Oral health-related quality of life was significantly associated with nutritional condition of respondents. Older adults with poor perception of their oral health were more likely to have unsatisfactory BMI compared to those who perceived their oral health to be good.

KW - BMI

KW - Elderly

KW - GOHAI

KW - Nutritional status

KW - Quality of life

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85067284724&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85067284724&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/s12889-019-6867-1

DO - 10.1186/s12889-019-6867-1

M3 - Article

VL - 19

JO - BMC Public Health

JF - BMC Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

M1 - 547

ER -