Assessment of Work–Family Conflict Among Women of the Sandwich Generation

Sanaz Aazami, Khadijah Shamsuddin, Syaqirah Akmal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The term sandwich generation refers to the middle-aged generation who are responsible for caring elderly parents and dependent children. This situation is worse in case of working women who have job obligations along with family responsibilities. Therefore, this study is aimed to investigate level of the four-dimensional work–family conflict among working women of the sandwich generation. This cross-sectional study was conducted among 90 Malaysian working women using self-reported data. Multiple-stage simple random sampling was used to recruit women from public service departments of Malaysia. Self-administrated questionnaires were used for data collection. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 21. One-third of our respondents (33.3%) are members of sandwich generation who simultaneously provide care to elderly parents and children. However, 66.7% of women in this study are caregivers for either elderly parent or their children. The results of t-test showed that level of time-based FIW was significantly (t = − 2.02, p < 0.05) higher in sandwich generation members (Mean = 12.33, SD = 1.95) compared to women caring for either parent or children (Mean = 11.25, SD = 2.58). The results of Multiple linear regression indicated that membership in sandwich generation significantly predict (b = 0.26, p < 0.05) FIWt after controlling for the effect of socio-demographic variables. Our findings showed that women who simultaneously take care of both elderly parent and children significantly experience higher level of time-based Family Interference into Work (FIWt). In contrast, membership in sandwich generation was not related to higher level of time-based Work Interference into Family (WIFt).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-6
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Adult Development
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 17 Nov 2017

Fingerprint

Working Women
parents
working woman
Parents
interference
Malaysia
Caregivers
Linear Models
SPSS
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography
Conflict (Psychology)
cross-sectional study
public service
caregiver
obligation
regression
responsibility
questionnaire
time

Keywords

  • Multigenerational caregiving
  • Multiple role
  • Sandwich generation
  • Work–family conflict

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

Assessment of Work–Family Conflict Among Women of the Sandwich Generation. / Aazami, Sanaz; Shamsuddin, Khadijah; Akmal, Syaqirah.

In: Journal of Adult Development, 17.11.2017, p. 1-6.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Aazami, Sanaz ; Shamsuddin, Khadijah ; Akmal, Syaqirah. / Assessment of Work–Family Conflict Among Women of the Sandwich Generation. In: Journal of Adult Development. 2017 ; pp. 1-6.
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