Assessment of learning environment among first year Malaysian medical students

Azizah Ugusman, Noralim A. Othman, Zahirah N. Abdul Razak, Melissa M. Soh, Puteri N A Kamal Faizul, Siti Fatimah Ibrahim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objectives: The quality of the learning environment has been identified to be crucial for effective learning. Medical students' perceptions of learning environments provide a useful foundation for modifying and improving the quality of medical education. The aim of this study was to assess first-year medical students' perceptions of the learning environment in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). Methods: The Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM) questionnaire was distributed to all 213 first-year medical students of UKM. The questionnaire contained 50 items scored on a 0-4 Likert scale (total scores could range from 0 to 200). There were five subscales in the questionnaire, including students' perceptions about learning, teachers, atmosphere, academic self-perceptions, and social self-perceptions. Results: The total DREEM score recorded in this study was 135.6/200, which indicated that medical students' perceptions of the learning environment at UKM were more positive than negative. Students' perceptions of learning, students' perceptions of teachers, students' academic self-perceptions, students' perceptions of atmosphere and students' social self-perceptions scores were 33.04/48, 29.68/44, 22.16/32, 33.11/48 and 17.62/28, respectively. The total DREEM score was significantly higher among female (137.02/200) than male medical students (130.84/200) (p<0.05). There was no relationship between the students' perceptions of the learning environment and their academic performance (R=-0.06, p>0.05). Conclusion: The study showed that first-year medical students at UKM positively perceived their learning environment. Some low-scoring areas of the learning environment were also identified, which require improvement in the future.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Taibah University Medical Sciences
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 18 Feb 2015

Fingerprint

Medical Students
Learning
Malaysia
Students
Self Concept
Social Perception
Atmosphere
Medical Education

Keywords

  • Academic achievement
  • DREEM
  • Gender
  • Learning environment
  • Student perceptions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Assessment of learning environment among first year Malaysian medical students. / Ugusman, Azizah; Othman, Noralim A.; Abdul Razak, Zahirah N.; Soh, Melissa M.; Kamal Faizul, Puteri N A; Ibrahim, Siti Fatimah.

In: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences, 18.02.2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ugusman, Azizah ; Othman, Noralim A. ; Abdul Razak, Zahirah N. ; Soh, Melissa M. ; Kamal Faizul, Puteri N A ; Ibrahim, Siti Fatimah. / Assessment of learning environment among first year Malaysian medical students. In: Journal of Taibah University Medical Sciences. 2015.
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abstract = "Objectives: The quality of the learning environment has been identified to be crucial for effective learning. Medical students' perceptions of learning environments provide a useful foundation for modifying and improving the quality of medical education. The aim of this study was to assess first-year medical students' perceptions of the learning environment in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). Methods: The Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM) questionnaire was distributed to all 213 first-year medical students of UKM. The questionnaire contained 50 items scored on a 0-4 Likert scale (total scores could range from 0 to 200). There were five subscales in the questionnaire, including students' perceptions about learning, teachers, atmosphere, academic self-perceptions, and social self-perceptions. Results: The total DREEM score recorded in this study was 135.6/200, which indicated that medical students' perceptions of the learning environment at UKM were more positive than negative. Students' perceptions of learning, students' perceptions of teachers, students' academic self-perceptions, students' perceptions of atmosphere and students' social self-perceptions scores were 33.04/48, 29.68/44, 22.16/32, 33.11/48 and 17.62/28, respectively. The total DREEM score was significantly higher among female (137.02/200) than male medical students (130.84/200) (p<0.05). There was no relationship between the students' perceptions of the learning environment and their academic performance (R=-0.06, p>0.05). Conclusion: The study showed that first-year medical students at UKM positively perceived their learning environment. Some low-scoring areas of the learning environment were also identified, which require improvement in the future.",
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