Assessing Body Fat of Children by Skinfold Thickness, Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis, and Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry: A Validation Study among Malay Children Aged 7 to 11 Years

Mohd Jonit Noradilah, Yeow Nyin Ang, Nor Azmi Kamaruddin, Paul Deurenberg, Mohd Noor Ismail, Bee Koon Poh

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study aims to validate skinfold (SKF) and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) against dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in determining body fat percentage (BF%) of Malay children aged 7 to 11 years. A total of 160 children had their BF% assessed using SKF and BIA, with DXA as the criterion method. Four SKF equations (SKFBray, SKFJohnston, SKFSlaughter, and SKFGoran) and 4 BIA equations (BIAManufacturer, BIAHoutkooper, BIARush, and BIAKushner) were used to estimate BF%. Mean age, weight, and height were 9.4 ± 1.1years, 30.5 ± 9.9 kg, and 131.3 ± 8.4 cm. All equations significantly underestimated BF% (P Manufacturer being the best equation. Although BIA underestimates BF% as compared with DXA, BIA was more suitable to measure BF% in a population that is similar to this study sample than SKF, suggesting a need to develop new SKF equations that are population specific.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74S-84S
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Volume28
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2016

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Keywords

  • bioelectrical impedance analysis
  • body composition
  • children
  • dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry
  • skinfold measurement
  • validation study

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

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title = "Assessing Body Fat of Children by Skinfold Thickness, Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis, and Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry: A Validation Study among Malay Children Aged 7 to 11 Years",
abstract = "This study aims to validate skinfold (SKF) and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) against dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in determining body fat percentage (BF{\%}) of Malay children aged 7 to 11 years. A total of 160 children had their BF{\%} assessed using SKF and BIA, with DXA as the criterion method. Four SKF equations (SKFBray, SKFJohnston, SKFSlaughter, and SKFGoran) and 4 BIA equations (BIAManufacturer, BIAHoutkooper, BIARush, and BIAKushner) were used to estimate BF{\%}. Mean age, weight, and height were 9.4 ± 1.1years, 30.5 ± 9.9 kg, and 131.3 ± 8.4 cm. All equations significantly underestimated BF{\%} (P Manufacturer being the best equation. Although BIA underestimates BF{\%} as compared with DXA, BIA was more suitable to measure BF{\%} in a population that is similar to this study sample than SKF, suggesting a need to develop new SKF equations that are population specific.",
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author = "Noradilah, {Mohd Jonit} and Ang, {Yeow Nyin} and Kamaruddin, {Nor Azmi} and Paul Deurenberg and Ismail, {Mohd Noor} and Poh, {Bee Koon}",
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AU - Noradilah, Mohd Jonit

AU - Ang, Yeow Nyin

AU - Kamaruddin, Nor Azmi

AU - Deurenberg, Paul

AU - Ismail, Mohd Noor

AU - Poh, Bee Koon

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