As-spun Bio-Novolac Fibre morphological study based on resin's physico-chemical properties

Siti Noorul Aina Ab Rahim, Sarani Zakaria, Sharifah Nabihah Syed Jaafar, Chin Hua Chia, Rasidi Roslan, Hatika Kaco, Sinyee Gan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Bio-novolac fibre made from phenol-formaldehyde derived oil palm empty fruit bunch (EFB) was produced using electrospinning method. The bio-novolac phenol-formaldehyde was prepared via liquefaction and resinification at two different molar ratios of formaldehyde to liquefied EFB (LEFB) (F:LEFB = 0.5:1 and 0.8:1). Electrospinning was applied to the bio-novolac phenol-formaldehyde (BPF) in order to form smooth and thin as-spun fibre. The BPF was electrospun at 15 kV and 15 cm distance between needle and collector at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/h. At lower molecular weight of BPF resin, beads formation was observed. The addition of poly(vinyl) butyral (Mw = 175,000-250,000) has improved the fibre formation with lesser beads hence produced more fibre. Polymer solution with higher molecular weight produced better quality fibre.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1659-1665
Number of pages7
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume46
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2017

Fingerprint

formaldehyde
resins
physicochemical properties
phenol
molecular weight
fruits
fiber quality
Elaeis guineensis
collectors
polymers

Keywords

  • Electrospinning
  • Molecular Weight
  • Oil Palm Empty Fruit Bunch
  • Phenolic Resin
  • Poly(Vinyl) Butyral

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

As-spun Bio-Novolac Fibre morphological study based on resin's physico-chemical properties. / Rahim, Siti Noorul Aina Ab; Zakaria, Sarani; Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah; Chia, Chin Hua; Roslan, Rasidi; Kaco, Hatika; Gan, Sinyee.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 46, No. 9, 01.09.2017, p. 1659-1665.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Rahim, Siti Noorul Aina Ab ; Zakaria, Sarani ; Syed Jaafar, Sharifah Nabihah ; Chia, Chin Hua ; Roslan, Rasidi ; Kaco, Hatika ; Gan, Sinyee. / As-spun Bio-Novolac Fibre morphological study based on resin's physico-chemical properties. In: Sains Malaysiana. 2017 ; Vol. 46, No. 9. pp. 1659-1665.
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AU - Chia, Chin Hua

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AU - Kaco, Hatika

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