Are virtues national, supranational, or universal?

Jan Pieter van Oudenhoven, Boele de Raad, Marieke E. Timmerman, Françoise Askevis-Leherpeux, Pawel Boski, Carmen Carmona, Rajneesh Choubisa, Alejandra del Carmen Dominguez, Hege H. Bye, Anastacia Kurylo, Cornelia Lahmann, Khairul Anwar @ Johari Mastor, Eva Selenko, Alena Slezáčková, Ripley Smith, Linda Tip, Michelle Yik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Many studies investigated cultural differences in values, most notably by Hofstede and Schwarz. Relatively few have focused on virtues, a related and important concept in contemporary social science. The present paper examines the similarities and differences between nations, or blocks of - culturally related - nations on the perceived importance of virtues. Adults (N = 2.809 students) from 14 countries were asked to freely mention which virtues they found important to practice in daily life, and next to rate a list of 15 virtues, which reflect the most frequently mentioned categories in The Netherlands, as found in a previous study. The 14 nations included the United States, Mexico, nine European and three Asian nations. For the free-listed virtues, we compared the top-ten lists of most frequently mentioned virtues across the nations. We used a correspondence analysis on the frequency table to assess the relationships between the virtues and nations. For the 15 virtues ratings, a MANOVA, and follow-up ANOVA's were used to examine effects of nation, age, gender and religion. We found strong evidence for relationships between nations and blocks of culturally related nations and the importance attached to various virtues. There appear to be some country specific virtues, such as generosity in France, but also some relatively universal virtues, most notably honesty, respect, and kindness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-12
Number of pages12
JournalSpringerPlus
Volume3
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Honesty
Social Sciences
Analysis of Variance
Mexico
Religion
Cultural Differences
Generosity
Correspondence Analysis
The Netherlands
Rating
Asia
France
Daily Life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

van Oudenhoven, J. P., de Raad, B., Timmerman, M. E., Askevis-Leherpeux, F., Boski, P., Carmona, C., ... Yik, M. (2014). Are virtues national, supranational, or universal? SpringerPlus, 3(1), 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1186/2193-1801-3-223

Are virtues national, supranational, or universal? / van Oudenhoven, Jan Pieter; de Raad, Boele; Timmerman, Marieke E.; Askevis-Leherpeux, Françoise; Boski, Pawel; Carmona, Carmen; Choubisa, Rajneesh; del Carmen Dominguez, Alejandra; Bye, Hege H.; Kurylo, Anastacia; Lahmann, Cornelia; Mastor, Khairul Anwar @ Johari; Selenko, Eva; Slezáčková, Alena; Smith, Ripley; Tip, Linda; Yik, Michelle.

In: SpringerPlus, Vol. 3, No. 1, 2014, p. 1-12.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

van Oudenhoven, JP, de Raad, B, Timmerman, ME, Askevis-Leherpeux, F, Boski, P, Carmona, C, Choubisa, R, del Carmen Dominguez, A, Bye, HH, Kurylo, A, Lahmann, C, Mastor, KAJ, Selenko, E, Slezáčková, A, Smith, R, Tip, L & Yik, M 2014, 'Are virtues national, supranational, or universal?', SpringerPlus, vol. 3, no. 1, pp. 1-12. https://doi.org/10.1186/2193-1801-3-223
van Oudenhoven JP, de Raad B, Timmerman ME, Askevis-Leherpeux F, Boski P, Carmona C et al. Are virtues national, supranational, or universal? SpringerPlus. 2014;3(1):1-12. https://doi.org/10.1186/2193-1801-3-223
van Oudenhoven, Jan Pieter ; de Raad, Boele ; Timmerman, Marieke E. ; Askevis-Leherpeux, Françoise ; Boski, Pawel ; Carmona, Carmen ; Choubisa, Rajneesh ; del Carmen Dominguez, Alejandra ; Bye, Hege H. ; Kurylo, Anastacia ; Lahmann, Cornelia ; Mastor, Khairul Anwar @ Johari ; Selenko, Eva ; Slezáčková, Alena ; Smith, Ripley ; Tip, Linda ; Yik, Michelle. / Are virtues national, supranational, or universal?. In: SpringerPlus. 2014 ; Vol. 3, No. 1. pp. 1-12.
@article{9c8455e977ca4f88ad7f80c263e764eb,
title = "Are virtues national, supranational, or universal?",
abstract = "Many studies investigated cultural differences in values, most notably by Hofstede and Schwarz. Relatively few have focused on virtues, a related and important concept in contemporary social science. The present paper examines the similarities and differences between nations, or blocks of - culturally related - nations on the perceived importance of virtues. Adults (N = 2.809 students) from 14 countries were asked to freely mention which virtues they found important to practice in daily life, and next to rate a list of 15 virtues, which reflect the most frequently mentioned categories in The Netherlands, as found in a previous study. The 14 nations included the United States, Mexico, nine European and three Asian nations. For the free-listed virtues, we compared the top-ten lists of most frequently mentioned virtues across the nations. We used a correspondence analysis on the frequency table to assess the relationships between the virtues and nations. For the 15 virtues ratings, a MANOVA, and follow-up ANOVA's were used to examine effects of nation, age, gender and religion. We found strong evidence for relationships between nations and blocks of culturally related nations and the importance attached to various virtues. There appear to be some country specific virtues, such as generosity in France, but also some relatively universal virtues, most notably honesty, respect, and kindness.",
author = "{van Oudenhoven}, {Jan Pieter} and {de Raad}, Boele and Timmerman, {Marieke E.} and Fran{\cc}oise Askevis-Leherpeux and Pawel Boski and Carmen Carmona and Rajneesh Choubisa and {del Carmen Dominguez}, Alejandra and Bye, {Hege H.} and Anastacia Kurylo and Cornelia Lahmann and Mastor, {Khairul Anwar @ Johari} and Eva Selenko and Alena Slez{\'a}čkov{\'a} and Ripley Smith and Linda Tip and Michelle Yik",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1186/2193-1801-3-223",
language = "English",
volume = "3",
pages = "1--12",
journal = "SpringerPlus",
issn = "2193-1801",
publisher = "Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Are virtues national, supranational, or universal?

AU - van Oudenhoven, Jan Pieter

AU - de Raad, Boele

AU - Timmerman, Marieke E.

AU - Askevis-Leherpeux, Françoise

AU - Boski, Pawel

AU - Carmona, Carmen

AU - Choubisa, Rajneesh

AU - del Carmen Dominguez, Alejandra

AU - Bye, Hege H.

AU - Kurylo, Anastacia

AU - Lahmann, Cornelia

AU - Mastor, Khairul Anwar @ Johari

AU - Selenko, Eva

AU - Slezáčková, Alena

AU - Smith, Ripley

AU - Tip, Linda

AU - Yik, Michelle

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Many studies investigated cultural differences in values, most notably by Hofstede and Schwarz. Relatively few have focused on virtues, a related and important concept in contemporary social science. The present paper examines the similarities and differences between nations, or blocks of - culturally related - nations on the perceived importance of virtues. Adults (N = 2.809 students) from 14 countries were asked to freely mention which virtues they found important to practice in daily life, and next to rate a list of 15 virtues, which reflect the most frequently mentioned categories in The Netherlands, as found in a previous study. The 14 nations included the United States, Mexico, nine European and three Asian nations. For the free-listed virtues, we compared the top-ten lists of most frequently mentioned virtues across the nations. We used a correspondence analysis on the frequency table to assess the relationships between the virtues and nations. For the 15 virtues ratings, a MANOVA, and follow-up ANOVA's were used to examine effects of nation, age, gender and religion. We found strong evidence for relationships between nations and blocks of culturally related nations and the importance attached to various virtues. There appear to be some country specific virtues, such as generosity in France, but also some relatively universal virtues, most notably honesty, respect, and kindness.

AB - Many studies investigated cultural differences in values, most notably by Hofstede and Schwarz. Relatively few have focused on virtues, a related and important concept in contemporary social science. The present paper examines the similarities and differences between nations, or blocks of - culturally related - nations on the perceived importance of virtues. Adults (N = 2.809 students) from 14 countries were asked to freely mention which virtues they found important to practice in daily life, and next to rate a list of 15 virtues, which reflect the most frequently mentioned categories in The Netherlands, as found in a previous study. The 14 nations included the United States, Mexico, nine European and three Asian nations. For the free-listed virtues, we compared the top-ten lists of most frequently mentioned virtues across the nations. We used a correspondence analysis on the frequency table to assess the relationships between the virtues and nations. For the 15 virtues ratings, a MANOVA, and follow-up ANOVA's were used to examine effects of nation, age, gender and religion. We found strong evidence for relationships between nations and blocks of culturally related nations and the importance attached to various virtues. There appear to be some country specific virtues, such as generosity in France, but also some relatively universal virtues, most notably honesty, respect, and kindness.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84903997382&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84903997382&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1186/2193-1801-3-223

DO - 10.1186/2193-1801-3-223

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84903997382

VL - 3

SP - 1

EP - 12

JO - SpringerPlus

JF - SpringerPlus

SN - 2193-1801

IS - 1

ER -