Architecture education, Architecture studio, Critique session, Design component, Sustainable approach in design

Ariffin Siti Rahayah, Syakima Ilyana Ibrahim, Nurul Huda Mohd Abd Malek, Sharida Hanim Sarif, Siti Fatimah Mohd. Yassin

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

This study explores the differential performances between genders among Malaysian public university students. The instrument used was Malaysian intelligence test known as UKM2. The study aims at measuring gender bias in the UKM2 on-line test by investigating differential item functioning (DIF) across genders. There were 124 male and 373 female students who were randomly selected from one of the public universities in Malaysia as samples in the study. The Malaysian intelligence test consists of four indices (a) Verbal Comprehension Index (VCI), (b) Perceptual Reasoning Index (PRI), (c) Working Memory Index (WMI) and (d) Processing Speed Index (PSI). The overall 370 items were made up of dichotomous and partial credits from 13 constructs. Data gathered were analyzed using Winsteps version 3.64.2, a Rasch-based item analysis program. Study shows that gender-related DIF (GDIF) exists in the test administered. GDIF contrast which favored the males and females are displayed in 77 items and 76 items respectively. However, only 29 items are exhibiting significant GDIF, based on the size ranging from 0.61 to 5.61 (logits). Males excelled in two indices namely VCI and WMI, while females in PRI and PSI indices. The authors discuss possible explanation for differential clustering tendencies of items displaying GDIF and some practical and theoretical implications of GDIF in the development and interpretation of the online test.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational Conference on Education and Educational Technologies - Proceedings
Pages331-335
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - 2010
Event9th WSEAS International Conference on Education and Educational Technology, EDU'10 - Iwate
Duration: 4 Oct 20106 Oct 2010

Other

Other9th WSEAS International Conference on Education and Educational Technology, EDU'10
CityIwate
Period4/10/106/10/10

Fingerprint

education
gender
intelligence test
comprehension
item analysis
university
female student
Malaysia
credit
interpretation
trend
performance
student

Keywords

  • Gender Differential Item Functioning (GDIF)
  • Malaysian intelligence test
  • Online test
  • Perceptual Reasoning Index (PRI)
  • Processing Speed Index (PSI)
  • Verbal Comprehension Index (VCI)
  • Working Memory Index (WMI)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

Cite this

Rahayah, A. S., Ibrahim, S. I., Malek, N. H. M. A., Sarif, S. H., & Mohd. Yassin, S. F. (2010). Architecture education, Architecture studio, Critique session, Design component, Sustainable approach in design. In International Conference on Education and Educational Technologies - Proceedings (pp. 331-335)

Architecture education, Architecture studio, Critique session, Design component, Sustainable approach in design. / Rahayah, Ariffin Siti; Ibrahim, Syakima Ilyana; Malek, Nurul Huda Mohd Abd; Sarif, Sharida Hanim; Mohd. Yassin, Siti Fatimah.

International Conference on Education and Educational Technologies - Proceedings. 2010. p. 331-335.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Rahayah, AS, Ibrahim, SI, Malek, NHMA, Sarif, SH & Mohd. Yassin, SF 2010, Architecture education, Architecture studio, Critique session, Design component, Sustainable approach in design. in International Conference on Education and Educational Technologies - Proceedings. pp. 331-335, 9th WSEAS International Conference on Education and Educational Technology, EDU'10, Iwate, 4/10/10.
Rahayah AS, Ibrahim SI, Malek NHMA, Sarif SH, Mohd. Yassin SF. Architecture education, Architecture studio, Critique session, Design component, Sustainable approach in design. In International Conference on Education and Educational Technologies - Proceedings. 2010. p. 331-335
Rahayah, Ariffin Siti ; Ibrahim, Syakima Ilyana ; Malek, Nurul Huda Mohd Abd ; Sarif, Sharida Hanim ; Mohd. Yassin, Siti Fatimah. / Architecture education, Architecture studio, Critique session, Design component, Sustainable approach in design. International Conference on Education and Educational Technologies - Proceedings. 2010. pp. 331-335
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