Application of response surface method in reverse osmosis membrane to optimize BOD, COD and colour removal from palm oil mill effluent

Muhammad Said, Muneer M. Ba-Abbad, Siti Rozaimah Sheikh Abdullah, Abdul Wahab Mohammad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is typically non-biodegradable and has high concentration of organic matter that represented as COD, BOD and Colour values. The correlation of concentration and pH of POME, and Trans membrane pressure (TMP) of Reverse Osmosis (RO) membrane was optimized by response surface method using a second order polynomial model with central composite design (CCD) which is a part model of response surface method (RSM) in Design-Expert® software. The main limits that influenced the parameters removal i.e. concentration of POME, pH of solution and transmembrane pressure were empirically determined at laboratory level and successfully optimized using RSM. The best conditions were determined from 3D response surface and 2D contour graphs i.e. 10.05% of POME concentration at pH 3.0 and TMP 0.50 kPa to yield the last values of COD, BOD and Colour i.e. 24.1372 mg/L, 24.33 mg/L and 11.76 PtCo, respectively. The results show that the response surface method effective to reduce the number of experiment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1871-1878
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology
Volume7
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

oil mill effluents
Osmosis
reverse osmosis
Osmosis membranes
decolorization
Palm oil
Biochemical oxygen demand
Reverse osmosis
Effluents
Color
Membranes
Pressure
Software Design
color
Statistical Models
methodology
Biological materials
organic matter
palm oil
Composite materials

Keywords

  • CCD
  • Pollutant removal
  • POME
  • RO membrane
  • RSM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

@article{c069dcf77dff4bf69c78a471e824dc51,
title = "Application of response surface method in reverse osmosis membrane to optimize BOD, COD and colour removal from palm oil mill effluent",
abstract = "Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is typically non-biodegradable and has high concentration of organic matter that represented as COD, BOD and Colour values. The correlation of concentration and pH of POME, and Trans membrane pressure (TMP) of Reverse Osmosis (RO) membrane was optimized by response surface method using a second order polynomial model with central composite design (CCD) which is a part model of response surface method (RSM) in Design-Expert{\circledR} software. The main limits that influenced the parameters removal i.e. concentration of POME, pH of solution and transmembrane pressure were empirically determined at laboratory level and successfully optimized using RSM. The best conditions were determined from 3D response surface and 2D contour graphs i.e. 10.05{\%} of POME concentration at pH 3.0 and TMP 0.50 kPa to yield the last values of COD, BOD and Colour i.e. 24.1372 mg/L, 24.33 mg/L and 11.76 PtCo, respectively. The results show that the response surface method effective to reduce the number of experiment.",
keywords = "CCD, Pollutant removal, POME, RO membrane, RSM",
author = "Muhammad Said and Ba-Abbad, {Muneer M.} and {Sheikh Abdullah}, {Siti Rozaimah} and Mohammad, {Abdul Wahab}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.18517/ijaseit.7.5.1844",
language = "English",
volume = "7",
pages = "1871--1878",
journal = "International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology",
issn = "2088-5334",
publisher = "INSIGHT - Indonesian Society for Knowledge and Human Development",
number = "5",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Application of response surface method in reverse osmosis membrane to optimize BOD, COD and colour removal from palm oil mill effluent

AU - Said, Muhammad

AU - Ba-Abbad, Muneer M.

AU - Sheikh Abdullah, Siti Rozaimah

AU - Mohammad, Abdul Wahab

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is typically non-biodegradable and has high concentration of organic matter that represented as COD, BOD and Colour values. The correlation of concentration and pH of POME, and Trans membrane pressure (TMP) of Reverse Osmosis (RO) membrane was optimized by response surface method using a second order polynomial model with central composite design (CCD) which is a part model of response surface method (RSM) in Design-Expert® software. The main limits that influenced the parameters removal i.e. concentration of POME, pH of solution and transmembrane pressure were empirically determined at laboratory level and successfully optimized using RSM. The best conditions were determined from 3D response surface and 2D contour graphs i.e. 10.05% of POME concentration at pH 3.0 and TMP 0.50 kPa to yield the last values of COD, BOD and Colour i.e. 24.1372 mg/L, 24.33 mg/L and 11.76 PtCo, respectively. The results show that the response surface method effective to reduce the number of experiment.

AB - Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is typically non-biodegradable and has high concentration of organic matter that represented as COD, BOD and Colour values. The correlation of concentration and pH of POME, and Trans membrane pressure (TMP) of Reverse Osmosis (RO) membrane was optimized by response surface method using a second order polynomial model with central composite design (CCD) which is a part model of response surface method (RSM) in Design-Expert® software. The main limits that influenced the parameters removal i.e. concentration of POME, pH of solution and transmembrane pressure were empirically determined at laboratory level and successfully optimized using RSM. The best conditions were determined from 3D response surface and 2D contour graphs i.e. 10.05% of POME concentration at pH 3.0 and TMP 0.50 kPa to yield the last values of COD, BOD and Colour i.e. 24.1372 mg/L, 24.33 mg/L and 11.76 PtCo, respectively. The results show that the response surface method effective to reduce the number of experiment.

KW - CCD

KW - Pollutant removal

KW - POME

KW - RO membrane

KW - RSM

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85032656215&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85032656215&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.18517/ijaseit.7.5.1844

DO - 10.18517/ijaseit.7.5.1844

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85032656215

VL - 7

SP - 1871

EP - 1878

JO - International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology

JF - International Journal on Advanced Science, Engineering and Information Technology

SN - 2088-5334

IS - 5

ER -