Anxiety status and its relationship with general health related quality of life among prostate cancer patients in two University hospitals in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Mohamad Rodi Isa, Foong Ming Moy, Azad Hassan Abdul Razack, Zulkifli Md. Zainuddin, Nur Zuraida Zainal

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Abstract

Background: This study aimed to determine the prevalence of anxiety among prostate cancer patients, and to ascertain the association between stress status, socio-demographic, medical and surgical illness, current urinary problem and cancer status with general health-related quality of life (HRQOL) among these patients. Methods: A hospital based, cross sectional study was conducted at Surgical Clinic, University Malaya Medical Centre (UMMC) and Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre (UKMMC) using universal sampling. Result: A total of 193 patients were recruited. The prevalence of anxiety was 25.4% (95%CI: 19.2 - 31.6). The anxiety ratings were mild anxiety (10.4%), moderate anxiety (13.6%) and severe anxiety (1.6%). The total quality of life among stress group was 59.2 ± 14.7 and among non-stress group was 73.9 ± 12.7. There was a significant negative weak correlation between anxiety score and total quality of life (rs=-0.534, P<0.001). In multivariable analysis, there was a significant difference in the total quality of life (QOL) among anxiety status [adj. mean diff. = -9.1 (95%CI: -15.2, -4.7)]. The adjusted mean difference was associated by age category of the patients (P<0.001); living partner (P<0.001); intermittency (P=0.035) and problem of hematuria during micturition (P=0.005). Conclusion: The prevalence of anxiety among prostate cancer was moderately high. Treating the urination problem as well as encouraging living with spouse/family may improve the quality of life among anxiety condition of these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)240-248
Number of pages9
JournalIranian Journal of Public Health
Volume42
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 25 Mar 2013

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Malaysia
Prostatic Neoplasms
Anxiety
Quality of Life
Urination
Hematuria
Spouses
Psychological Stress
Cross-Sectional Studies
Demography

Keywords

  • Anxiety
  • Health
  • Prostate cancer
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Anxiety status and its relationship with general health related quality of life among prostate cancer patients in two University hospitals in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. / Isa, Mohamad Rodi; Moy, Foong Ming; Abdul Razack, Azad Hassan; Md. Zainuddin, Zulkifli; Zainal, Nur Zuraida.

In: Iranian Journal of Public Health, Vol. 42, No. 3, 25.03.2013, p. 240-248.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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