Antibacterial and biofilm inhibition activities of Melastoma malabathricum stem bark extract against Streptococcus mutans

Rohazila Mohamad Hanafiah, Wan Syaidatul Aqma Wan Mohd Noor, Wan Yaacob Wan Ahmad, Zulfahmi Said, Nazlina Ibrahim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Aim: This study was to determine the antibacterial activity of Melastoma malabathricum stem bark acetone extract (MMSBAE) against Streptococcus mutans. Methodology and results: Antibacterial activity of the extract was determined by minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC), biofilm formation, adherence inhibition, time kill studies and effect on S. mutans membrane integrity. MIC and MBC values of MMSBAE were 1.25 and 5 mg/mL, respectively. Time kill studies showed that reduction of colony forming unit in treated cells is 3 log10 after 10 h of treatment (p < 0.05). The extracts reduced 50% biofilm and adherence activity of S. mutans at 1.88 mg/mL. The effect on S. mutans membrane integrity after exposure to MMSBAE for 90 and 120 min was determined by measuring leakage of cell content at 2 different wavelengths of 260 nm and 280 nm. In leakage assay, the percentage of absorbance (260 nm) in treated cell material showed 57% at 90 min and 60% at 120 min which is higher than negative control (<20%) but less than positive control (100%). The percentage absorbance of treated cell material (280 nm) was 61% at 90 min and 63% at 120 min. Identification of compound in MMSBAE was done by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS). Ten compounds were identified in the MMSBAE with some of them important in antimicrobial activity such as ethyl ester, undecene, and gamma sitosterol. Conclusion, significance and impact of study: MMSBAE showed excellent bactericidal and antibacterial activities against S. mutans. The antibacterial mode of action of MMSBAE is suggested to be the disruption of the S. mutans membrane structure. The MMSBAE significantly inhibited biofilm and adherence activities of S. mutans in dose dependent manner (p < 0.05). MMSBAE has potential in the development of antibacterial agent with anti-biofilm and anti-adherence activities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)199-206
Number of pages8
JournalMalaysian Journal of Microbiology
Volume11
Issue numberSpecialissue2
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Streptococcus mutans
Biofilms
Acetone
Membranes
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry
Esters
Stem Cells
Anti-Bacterial Agents

Keywords

  • Antibacterial
  • Biofilm
  • Melastoma malabathricum
  • Streptococcus mutans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

Antibacterial and biofilm inhibition activities of Melastoma malabathricum stem bark extract against Streptococcus mutans. / Hanafiah, Rohazila Mohamad; Wan Mohd Noor, Wan Syaidatul Aqma; Wan Ahmad, Wan Yaacob; Said, Zulfahmi; Ibrahim, Nazlina.

In: Malaysian Journal of Microbiology, Vol. 11, No. Specialissue2, 2015, p. 199-206.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "Aim: This study was to determine the antibacterial activity of Melastoma malabathricum stem bark acetone extract (MMSBAE) against Streptococcus mutans. Methodology and results: Antibacterial activity of the extract was determined by minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC), biofilm formation, adherence inhibition, time kill studies and effect on S. mutans membrane integrity. MIC and MBC values of MMSBAE were 1.25 and 5 mg/mL, respectively. Time kill studies showed that reduction of colony forming unit in treated cells is 3 log10 after 10 h of treatment (p < 0.05). The extracts reduced 50{\%} biofilm and adherence activity of S. mutans at 1.88 mg/mL. The effect on S. mutans membrane integrity after exposure to MMSBAE for 90 and 120 min was determined by measuring leakage of cell content at 2 different wavelengths of 260 nm and 280 nm. In leakage assay, the percentage of absorbance (260 nm) in treated cell material showed 57{\%} at 90 min and 60{\%} at 120 min which is higher than negative control (<20{\%}) but less than positive control (100{\%}). The percentage absorbance of treated cell material (280 nm) was 61{\%} at 90 min and 63{\%} at 120 min. Identification of compound in MMSBAE was done by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS). Ten compounds were identified in the MMSBAE with some of them important in antimicrobial activity such as ethyl ester, undecene, and gamma sitosterol. Conclusion, significance and impact of study: MMSBAE showed excellent bactericidal and antibacterial activities against S. mutans. The antibacterial mode of action of MMSBAE is suggested to be the disruption of the S. mutans membrane structure. The MMSBAE significantly inhibited biofilm and adherence activities of S. mutans in dose dependent manner (p < 0.05). MMSBAE has potential in the development of antibacterial agent with anti-biofilm and anti-adherence activities.",
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AU - Said, Zulfahmi

AU - Ibrahim, Nazlina

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N2 - Aim: This study was to determine the antibacterial activity of Melastoma malabathricum stem bark acetone extract (MMSBAE) against Streptococcus mutans. Methodology and results: Antibacterial activity of the extract was determined by minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC), biofilm formation, adherence inhibition, time kill studies and effect on S. mutans membrane integrity. MIC and MBC values of MMSBAE were 1.25 and 5 mg/mL, respectively. Time kill studies showed that reduction of colony forming unit in treated cells is 3 log10 after 10 h of treatment (p < 0.05). The extracts reduced 50% biofilm and adherence activity of S. mutans at 1.88 mg/mL. The effect on S. mutans membrane integrity after exposure to MMSBAE for 90 and 120 min was determined by measuring leakage of cell content at 2 different wavelengths of 260 nm and 280 nm. In leakage assay, the percentage of absorbance (260 nm) in treated cell material showed 57% at 90 min and 60% at 120 min which is higher than negative control (<20%) but less than positive control (100%). The percentage absorbance of treated cell material (280 nm) was 61% at 90 min and 63% at 120 min. Identification of compound in MMSBAE was done by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS). Ten compounds were identified in the MMSBAE with some of them important in antimicrobial activity such as ethyl ester, undecene, and gamma sitosterol. Conclusion, significance and impact of study: MMSBAE showed excellent bactericidal and antibacterial activities against S. mutans. The antibacterial mode of action of MMSBAE is suggested to be the disruption of the S. mutans membrane structure. The MMSBAE significantly inhibited biofilm and adherence activities of S. mutans in dose dependent manner (p < 0.05). MMSBAE has potential in the development of antibacterial agent with anti-biofilm and anti-adherence activities.

AB - Aim: This study was to determine the antibacterial activity of Melastoma malabathricum stem bark acetone extract (MMSBAE) against Streptococcus mutans. Methodology and results: Antibacterial activity of the extract was determined by minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC), minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC), biofilm formation, adherence inhibition, time kill studies and effect on S. mutans membrane integrity. MIC and MBC values of MMSBAE were 1.25 and 5 mg/mL, respectively. Time kill studies showed that reduction of colony forming unit in treated cells is 3 log10 after 10 h of treatment (p < 0.05). The extracts reduced 50% biofilm and adherence activity of S. mutans at 1.88 mg/mL. The effect on S. mutans membrane integrity after exposure to MMSBAE for 90 and 120 min was determined by measuring leakage of cell content at 2 different wavelengths of 260 nm and 280 nm. In leakage assay, the percentage of absorbance (260 nm) in treated cell material showed 57% at 90 min and 60% at 120 min which is higher than negative control (<20%) but less than positive control (100%). The percentage absorbance of treated cell material (280 nm) was 61% at 90 min and 63% at 120 min. Identification of compound in MMSBAE was done by gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GCMS). Ten compounds were identified in the MMSBAE with some of them important in antimicrobial activity such as ethyl ester, undecene, and gamma sitosterol. Conclusion, significance and impact of study: MMSBAE showed excellent bactericidal and antibacterial activities against S. mutans. The antibacterial mode of action of MMSBAE is suggested to be the disruption of the S. mutans membrane structure. The MMSBAE significantly inhibited biofilm and adherence activities of S. mutans in dose dependent manner (p < 0.05). MMSBAE has potential in the development of antibacterial agent with anti-biofilm and anti-adherence activities.

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