Antennal Sensillum Morphology and Electrophysiological Responses of Olfactory Receptor Neurons in Trichoid Sensilla of the Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)

Wee Suk Ling, Hyun Woo Oh, Kye Chung Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Plant chemical signals are important olfactory cues for the survival and reproduction of phytophagous insects. The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) is a Brassica spp. (Brassicales: Brassicaceae) specialist pest, with most of its life events occurring on Brassica spp. hosts. We conducted a scanning electron microscopy study on the morphology and distribution of antennal sensilla of male and female P. xylostella. Seven morphological types of sensilla were identified in the antennae of P. xylostella: 3 types of sensilla trichodea (Tr I, Tr II and Tr III), sensilla chaetica, sensilla coeloconica, sensilla auricillica and sensilla styloconica. One particular type of trichoid sensillum (Tr III) was present only in the males. The presence of numerous pores or deep longitudinal grooves on the surfaces of 5 morphological types of sensilla indicated that their major function is olfactory. Single sensillum recordings were also carried out on the trichoid sensilla of the female diamondback moth to identify the olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) and to determine the response spectra of the ORNs, using a panel of 39 host and non-host volatile compounds. Based on the response profiles, 42 responsive trichoid sensilla could be segregated into 4 sensillum classes. Each sensillum appeared to contain 3 co-compartmentalized ORNs, and therefore a total of 12 classes of ORNs were identified from these sensilla. Each ORN class showed a narrow response spectrum, with some ORNs specialized for green leaf volatiles and (±)-linalool that are present in brassicaceous hosts, while several other ORNs responded to 2 non-host volatile sesquiterpenes, (E)-β-farnesene and germacrene D, as well as (E)-β-caryophyllene, a host-related sesquiterpene volatile. The sensitivity and selectivity of the female diamondback moth towards certain host plant volatiles warrants further investigation for potential behavioral manipulation to control this pest.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)146-158
Number of pages13
JournalFlorida Entomologist
Volume99
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2016

Fingerprint

Plutellidae
olfactory receptors
Plutella xylostella
sensilla
moth
neurons
Lepidoptera
olfactory cue
host plant
antenna
scanning electron microscopy
insect
Brassica
sesquiterpenoids
Brassicales
life events
farnesene
germacrene
phytophagous insects
pest

Keywords

  • Olfaction
  • Plutella xylostella
  • Scanning electron microscopy
  • Single sensillum recording
  • Trichodea
  • Volatile compounds

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Insect Science

Cite this

@article{a9f0758d4fb44cf38d42efc4cea6c8db,
title = "Antennal Sensillum Morphology and Electrophysiological Responses of Olfactory Receptor Neurons in Trichoid Sensilla of the Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae)",
abstract = "Plant chemical signals are important olfactory cues for the survival and reproduction of phytophagous insects. The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) is a Brassica spp. (Brassicales: Brassicaceae) specialist pest, with most of its life events occurring on Brassica spp. hosts. We conducted a scanning electron microscopy study on the morphology and distribution of antennal sensilla of male and female P. xylostella. Seven morphological types of sensilla were identified in the antennae of P. xylostella: 3 types of sensilla trichodea (Tr I, Tr II and Tr III), sensilla chaetica, sensilla coeloconica, sensilla auricillica and sensilla styloconica. One particular type of trichoid sensillum (Tr III) was present only in the males. The presence of numerous pores or deep longitudinal grooves on the surfaces of 5 morphological types of sensilla indicated that their major function is olfactory. Single sensillum recordings were also carried out on the trichoid sensilla of the female diamondback moth to identify the olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) and to determine the response spectra of the ORNs, using a panel of 39 host and non-host volatile compounds. Based on the response profiles, 42 responsive trichoid sensilla could be segregated into 4 sensillum classes. Each sensillum appeared to contain 3 co-compartmentalized ORNs, and therefore a total of 12 classes of ORNs were identified from these sensilla. Each ORN class showed a narrow response spectrum, with some ORNs specialized for green leaf volatiles and (±)-linalool that are present in brassicaceous hosts, while several other ORNs responded to 2 non-host volatile sesquiterpenes, (E)-β-farnesene and germacrene D, as well as (E)-β-caryophyllene, a host-related sesquiterpene volatile. The sensitivity and selectivity of the female diamondback moth towards certain host plant volatiles warrants further investigation for potential behavioral manipulation to control this pest.",
keywords = "Olfaction, Plutella xylostella, Scanning electron microscopy, Single sensillum recording, Trichodea, Volatile compounds",
author = "{Suk Ling}, Wee and Oh, {Hyun Woo} and Park, {Kye Chung}",
year = "2016",
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doi = "10.1653/024.099.sp118",
language = "English",
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journal = "Florida Entomologist",
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T1 - Antennal Sensillum Morphology and Electrophysiological Responses of Olfactory Receptor Neurons in Trichoid Sensilla of the Diamondback Moth (Lepidoptera

T2 - Plutellidae)

AU - Suk Ling, Wee

AU - Oh, Hyun Woo

AU - Park, Kye Chung

PY - 2016/6/1

Y1 - 2016/6/1

N2 - Plant chemical signals are important olfactory cues for the survival and reproduction of phytophagous insects. The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) is a Brassica spp. (Brassicales: Brassicaceae) specialist pest, with most of its life events occurring on Brassica spp. hosts. We conducted a scanning electron microscopy study on the morphology and distribution of antennal sensilla of male and female P. xylostella. Seven morphological types of sensilla were identified in the antennae of P. xylostella: 3 types of sensilla trichodea (Tr I, Tr II and Tr III), sensilla chaetica, sensilla coeloconica, sensilla auricillica and sensilla styloconica. One particular type of trichoid sensillum (Tr III) was present only in the males. The presence of numerous pores or deep longitudinal grooves on the surfaces of 5 morphological types of sensilla indicated that their major function is olfactory. Single sensillum recordings were also carried out on the trichoid sensilla of the female diamondback moth to identify the olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) and to determine the response spectra of the ORNs, using a panel of 39 host and non-host volatile compounds. Based on the response profiles, 42 responsive trichoid sensilla could be segregated into 4 sensillum classes. Each sensillum appeared to contain 3 co-compartmentalized ORNs, and therefore a total of 12 classes of ORNs were identified from these sensilla. Each ORN class showed a narrow response spectrum, with some ORNs specialized for green leaf volatiles and (±)-linalool that are present in brassicaceous hosts, while several other ORNs responded to 2 non-host volatile sesquiterpenes, (E)-β-farnesene and germacrene D, as well as (E)-β-caryophyllene, a host-related sesquiterpene volatile. The sensitivity and selectivity of the female diamondback moth towards certain host plant volatiles warrants further investigation for potential behavioral manipulation to control this pest.

AB - Plant chemical signals are important olfactory cues for the survival and reproduction of phytophagous insects. The diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella L. (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) is a Brassica spp. (Brassicales: Brassicaceae) specialist pest, with most of its life events occurring on Brassica spp. hosts. We conducted a scanning electron microscopy study on the morphology and distribution of antennal sensilla of male and female P. xylostella. Seven morphological types of sensilla were identified in the antennae of P. xylostella: 3 types of sensilla trichodea (Tr I, Tr II and Tr III), sensilla chaetica, sensilla coeloconica, sensilla auricillica and sensilla styloconica. One particular type of trichoid sensillum (Tr III) was present only in the males. The presence of numerous pores or deep longitudinal grooves on the surfaces of 5 morphological types of sensilla indicated that their major function is olfactory. Single sensillum recordings were also carried out on the trichoid sensilla of the female diamondback moth to identify the olfactory receptor neurons (ORNs) and to determine the response spectra of the ORNs, using a panel of 39 host and non-host volatile compounds. Based on the response profiles, 42 responsive trichoid sensilla could be segregated into 4 sensillum classes. Each sensillum appeared to contain 3 co-compartmentalized ORNs, and therefore a total of 12 classes of ORNs were identified from these sensilla. Each ORN class showed a narrow response spectrum, with some ORNs specialized for green leaf volatiles and (±)-linalool that are present in brassicaceous hosts, while several other ORNs responded to 2 non-host volatile sesquiterpenes, (E)-β-farnesene and germacrene D, as well as (E)-β-caryophyllene, a host-related sesquiterpene volatile. The sensitivity and selectivity of the female diamondback moth towards certain host plant volatiles warrants further investigation for potential behavioral manipulation to control this pest.

KW - Olfaction

KW - Plutella xylostella

KW - Scanning electron microscopy

KW - Single sensillum recording

KW - Trichodea

KW - Volatile compounds

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