Antenatal calcium intake in Malaysia

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Abstract

Aim: To determine the adequacy of antenatal calcium intake in Malaysia, and the influencing factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among postnatal women who delivered in two tertiary hospitals. Data were collected from antenatal cards, hospital documents and diet recall on daily milk and calcium intake during pregnancy. SPSS version 19.0 was used for statistical analyses. Results: A total of 150 women were studied. The total daily calcium intake was 834 ± 43 mg (mean ± standard error of the mean), but the calcium intake distribution curve was skewed to the right with a median intake of 725 mg daily. When calcium intake from milk and calcium supplements was excluded, the daily dietary calcium intake was only 478 ± 25 mg. Even with inclusion of milk and calcium supplements, more than a third (n = 55 or 36.7%) of the women consumed less than 600 mg calcium in their daily diet. The adequacy of daily calcium intake was not influenced by maternal age, ethnicity, income or maternal job or educational status as well as parity. Conclusion: The daily dietary calcium intake of the Malaysian antenatal population is far from adequate without the addition of calcium supplements and milk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)983-987
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Calcium Carbonate
Calcium
Dietary Calcium
Diet
Educational Status
Maternal Age
Parity
Tertiary Care Centers
Cross-Sectional Studies
Mothers
Pregnancy
Population

Keywords

  • Antenatal
  • Calcium
  • Dietary
  • Milk
  • Supplement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this

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title = "Antenatal calcium intake in Malaysia",
abstract = "Aim: To determine the adequacy of antenatal calcium intake in Malaysia, and the influencing factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among postnatal women who delivered in two tertiary hospitals. Data were collected from antenatal cards, hospital documents and diet recall on daily milk and calcium intake during pregnancy. SPSS version 19.0 was used for statistical analyses. Results: A total of 150 women were studied. The total daily calcium intake was 834 ± 43 mg (mean ± standard error of the mean), but the calcium intake distribution curve was skewed to the right with a median intake of 725 mg daily. When calcium intake from milk and calcium supplements was excluded, the daily dietary calcium intake was only 478 ± 25 mg. Even with inclusion of milk and calcium supplements, more than a third (n = 55 or 36.7{\%}) of the women consumed less than 600 mg calcium in their daily diet. The adequacy of daily calcium intake was not influenced by maternal age, ethnicity, income or maternal job or educational status as well as parity. Conclusion: The daily dietary calcium intake of the Malaysian antenatal population is far from adequate without the addition of calcium supplements and milk.",
keywords = "Antenatal, Calcium, Dietary, Milk, Supplement",
author = "{Abdullah Mahdy}, Zaleha and Hashimah Basri and {Md Isa}, Zaleha and Shuhaila Ahmad and Khadijah Shamsuddin and {Mohd Amin}, Rahmah",
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T1 - Antenatal calcium intake in Malaysia

AU - Abdullah Mahdy, Zaleha

AU - Basri, Hashimah

AU - Md Isa, Zaleha

AU - Ahmad, Shuhaila

AU - Shamsuddin, Khadijah

AU - Mohd Amin, Rahmah

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - Aim: To determine the adequacy of antenatal calcium intake in Malaysia, and the influencing factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among postnatal women who delivered in two tertiary hospitals. Data were collected from antenatal cards, hospital documents and diet recall on daily milk and calcium intake during pregnancy. SPSS version 19.0 was used for statistical analyses. Results: A total of 150 women were studied. The total daily calcium intake was 834 ± 43 mg (mean ± standard error of the mean), but the calcium intake distribution curve was skewed to the right with a median intake of 725 mg daily. When calcium intake from milk and calcium supplements was excluded, the daily dietary calcium intake was only 478 ± 25 mg. Even with inclusion of milk and calcium supplements, more than a third (n = 55 or 36.7%) of the women consumed less than 600 mg calcium in their daily diet. The adequacy of daily calcium intake was not influenced by maternal age, ethnicity, income or maternal job or educational status as well as parity. Conclusion: The daily dietary calcium intake of the Malaysian antenatal population is far from adequate without the addition of calcium supplements and milk.

AB - Aim: To determine the adequacy of antenatal calcium intake in Malaysia, and the influencing factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among postnatal women who delivered in two tertiary hospitals. Data were collected from antenatal cards, hospital documents and diet recall on daily milk and calcium intake during pregnancy. SPSS version 19.0 was used for statistical analyses. Results: A total of 150 women were studied. The total daily calcium intake was 834 ± 43 mg (mean ± standard error of the mean), but the calcium intake distribution curve was skewed to the right with a median intake of 725 mg daily. When calcium intake from milk and calcium supplements was excluded, the daily dietary calcium intake was only 478 ± 25 mg. Even with inclusion of milk and calcium supplements, more than a third (n = 55 or 36.7%) of the women consumed less than 600 mg calcium in their daily diet. The adequacy of daily calcium intake was not influenced by maternal age, ethnicity, income or maternal job or educational status as well as parity. Conclusion: The daily dietary calcium intake of the Malaysian antenatal population is far from adequate without the addition of calcium supplements and milk.

KW - Antenatal

KW - Calcium

KW - Dietary

KW - Milk

KW - Supplement

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