Analytical analysis on impoverishment of farmers: A case study in Gunung Biru, Central Sulawesi of Indonesia

Muhammad Basir-Cyio, Alam Anshary, Mahfudz, Isrun Baso, Muhammad Nur Ali, Golar, M. Rusydi, Rustam Abdul Rauf, Muh Fardhal Pratama, Mob Alfit Laihi, Betty, Taqyuddin Bakri, Sharifah Zarina Syed Zakaria, Azlina Abdullah, Muhammad Rizal Razman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study provides evidence that acts of terror that have hit the people of Central Sulawesi Province of Indonesia for decades due to the outbreak of terrorist groups in Gunung Biru (Blue Mountain) which caused trauma and anxiety that directly affect the economic condition of the community. The analytical analysis study was conducted in three locations, namely, Poso, Sigi and Parigi Moutong District which have direct access to Gunung Biru. The socio-psychological data were collected using phenomenological and ethno-methodological approaches to develop a chronology of socio-anthropological problems, ranging from anxiety, fear, deadlock and trauma to terror that disturbs the work of peace. The level of loss of farmer's incomes over the last 10 years was calculated from farmer's receipts generated from converted agricultural lands before and after the presence of the terrorist groups. The results show that the fertility of the soil chemistry and the physics of the farmland around Gunung Biru are included in the category of moderate to high impact. Socio-psychological symptoms of heavy and severe anxiety levels were very high at 31.0% and the severe trauma rate was 53.4%, due to the terrorist group operating on Gunung Biru. As a result of such tremendous anxiety and trauma, tens of thousands of farmers have not dared to work on their farms, since, 2005. Loss of farmer's income due to terrorist threats in Gunung Biru amounted to Rp. 90,109,601,406/year which resulted in impoverishment, thus, most of the farming families could not afford to send their children from junior high school to senior high school, especially, to college.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1300-1311
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Engineering and Applied Sciences
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

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Farms
Physics
Soils
Economics

Keywords

  • Analytical analysis
  • Farmer's incomes
  • Gunung Biru
  • Socio-psychological income
  • Tremendous trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)

Cite this

Analytical analysis on impoverishment of farmers : A case study in Gunung Biru, Central Sulawesi of Indonesia. / Basir-Cyio, Muhammad; Anshary, Alam; Mahfudz; Baso, Isrun; Ali, Muhammad Nur; Golar; Rusydi, M.; Rauf, Rustam Abdul; Pratama, Muh Fardhal; Laihi, Mob Alfit; Betty; Bakri, Taqyuddin; Syed Zakaria, Sharifah Zarina; Abdullah, Azlina; Razman, Muhammad Rizal.

In: Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Vol. 14, No. 4, 01.01.2019, p. 1300-1311.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Basir-Cyio, M, Anshary, A, Mahfudz, Baso, I, Ali, MN, Golar, Rusydi, M, Rauf, RA, Pratama, MF, Laihi, MA, Betty, Bakri, T, Syed Zakaria, SZ, Abdullah, A & Razman, MR 2019, 'Analytical analysis on impoverishment of farmers: A case study in Gunung Biru, Central Sulawesi of Indonesia', Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, vol. 14, no. 4, pp. 1300-1311. https://doi.org/10.3923/jeasci.2019.1300.1311
Basir-Cyio, Muhammad ; Anshary, Alam ; Mahfudz ; Baso, Isrun ; Ali, Muhammad Nur ; Golar ; Rusydi, M. ; Rauf, Rustam Abdul ; Pratama, Muh Fardhal ; Laihi, Mob Alfit ; Betty ; Bakri, Taqyuddin ; Syed Zakaria, Sharifah Zarina ; Abdullah, Azlina ; Razman, Muhammad Rizal. / Analytical analysis on impoverishment of farmers : A case study in Gunung Biru, Central Sulawesi of Indonesia. In: Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences. 2019 ; Vol. 14, No. 4. pp. 1300-1311.
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