Analysis of glass ceiling and sticky floor effects for gender wage gap in Malaysian labour market

Rahmah Ismail, Chung Khain Wye, Nur Sabrina Mohd Palel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Most past studies of gender wage differentials estimate wage models using the entire sample for different gender groups. The estimated coefficients are then used in wage decomposition formula to identify the contribution of variables to the wage gap. However, quantile regression is preferred nowadays as it allows the regressors to be associated with the shape of wage distribution, whereby the glass ceiling and sticky floor effects can be identified. This paper attempts to examine the extent to which the glass ceiling and sticky floor effects exist across wage distribution in the Malaysian labour market. The analysis is based on 1263 workers data in the services and manufacturing sectors surveyed in 2015. The results demonstrate that the gender wage gaps are larger towards the lowest wage distribution, a finding that is consistent with the existence of sticky floor effect. Besides, the gender earnings gap is lower between 25th and 50th percentiles, but increases at the 75th percentile and reaches the highest at the 90th percentile reflecting the existence of glass ceiling effect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-157
Number of pages13
JournalJurnal Ekonomi Malaysia
Volume51
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017

Fingerprint

Labour market
Gender wage gap
Glass ceiling
Wage distribution
Gender earnings gap
Gender wage differentials
Quantile regression
Service sector
Wage gap
Workers
Coefficients
Wage decomposition
Manufacturing sector
Wages

Keywords

  • Gender wage gap
  • Glass ceiling
  • Quantile regression
  • Sticky floor
  • Wage distribution

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Economics, Econometrics and Finance(all)

Cite this

Analysis of glass ceiling and sticky floor effects for gender wage gap in Malaysian labour market. / Ismail, Rahmah; Wye, Chung Khain; Palel, Nur Sabrina Mohd.

In: Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia, Vol. 51, No. 2, 01.01.2017, p. 145-157.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ismail, Rahmah ; Wye, Chung Khain ; Palel, Nur Sabrina Mohd. / Analysis of glass ceiling and sticky floor effects for gender wage gap in Malaysian labour market. In: Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia. 2017 ; Vol. 51, No. 2. pp. 145-157.
@article{c6409c155165434a9cf73069cb49f56e,
title = "Analysis of glass ceiling and sticky floor effects for gender wage gap in Malaysian labour market",
abstract = "Most past studies of gender wage differentials estimate wage models using the entire sample for different gender groups. The estimated coefficients are then used in wage decomposition formula to identify the contribution of variables to the wage gap. However, quantile regression is preferred nowadays as it allows the regressors to be associated with the shape of wage distribution, whereby the glass ceiling and sticky floor effects can be identified. This paper attempts to examine the extent to which the glass ceiling and sticky floor effects exist across wage distribution in the Malaysian labour market. The analysis is based on 1263 workers data in the services and manufacturing sectors surveyed in 2015. The results demonstrate that the gender wage gaps are larger towards the lowest wage distribution, a finding that is consistent with the existence of sticky floor effect. Besides, the gender earnings gap is lower between 25th and 50th percentiles, but increases at the 75th percentile and reaches the highest at the 90th percentile reflecting the existence of glass ceiling effect.",
keywords = "Gender wage gap, Glass ceiling, Quantile regression, Sticky floor, Wage distribution",
author = "Rahmah Ismail and Wye, {Chung Khain} and Palel, {Nur Sabrina Mohd}",
year = "2017",
month = "1",
day = "1",
language = "English",
volume = "51",
pages = "145--157",
journal = "Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia",
issn = "0126-1962",
publisher = "Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of glass ceiling and sticky floor effects for gender wage gap in Malaysian labour market

AU - Ismail, Rahmah

AU - Wye, Chung Khain

AU - Palel, Nur Sabrina Mohd

PY - 2017/1/1

Y1 - 2017/1/1

N2 - Most past studies of gender wage differentials estimate wage models using the entire sample for different gender groups. The estimated coefficients are then used in wage decomposition formula to identify the contribution of variables to the wage gap. However, quantile regression is preferred nowadays as it allows the regressors to be associated with the shape of wage distribution, whereby the glass ceiling and sticky floor effects can be identified. This paper attempts to examine the extent to which the glass ceiling and sticky floor effects exist across wage distribution in the Malaysian labour market. The analysis is based on 1263 workers data in the services and manufacturing sectors surveyed in 2015. The results demonstrate that the gender wage gaps are larger towards the lowest wage distribution, a finding that is consistent with the existence of sticky floor effect. Besides, the gender earnings gap is lower between 25th and 50th percentiles, but increases at the 75th percentile and reaches the highest at the 90th percentile reflecting the existence of glass ceiling effect.

AB - Most past studies of gender wage differentials estimate wage models using the entire sample for different gender groups. The estimated coefficients are then used in wage decomposition formula to identify the contribution of variables to the wage gap. However, quantile regression is preferred nowadays as it allows the regressors to be associated with the shape of wage distribution, whereby the glass ceiling and sticky floor effects can be identified. This paper attempts to examine the extent to which the glass ceiling and sticky floor effects exist across wage distribution in the Malaysian labour market. The analysis is based on 1263 workers data in the services and manufacturing sectors surveyed in 2015. The results demonstrate that the gender wage gaps are larger towards the lowest wage distribution, a finding that is consistent with the existence of sticky floor effect. Besides, the gender earnings gap is lower between 25th and 50th percentiles, but increases at the 75th percentile and reaches the highest at the 90th percentile reflecting the existence of glass ceiling effect.

KW - Gender wage gap

KW - Glass ceiling

KW - Quantile regression

KW - Sticky floor

KW - Wage distribution

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85042530660&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85042530660&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85042530660

VL - 51

SP - 145

EP - 157

JO - Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia

JF - Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia

SN - 0126-1962

IS - 2

ER -