Analysis of collocations in the Iranian postgraduate students' writings

Firooz Namvar, Nor Fariza Mohd Nor, Noraini Ibrahim, Jamilah Mustafa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

It is widely acknowledged that collocations play an important role in second language learning, particularly at the intermediate and advanced levels. This study intended to explore the influence of first language (L1) and the cultural background of learners on the production of collocations. Thirty Iranian postgraduate students participated in this study and their academic writings were analyzed to determine the collocations they produced and to identify the basis for their difficulties in producing collocations. A focus group interview was used to determine the influence of L1 and cultural background of the learners on the production of collocations. The results showed that learners have difficulties with both lexical and grammatical collocations in their writing. First language influence appeared to have a strong effect on the learners' production of collocation. In addition, as language and culture are not separable, the cultural difference between the first language and target language caused students to come up with odd and unacceptable lexical collocations from the perspective of native speakers. The results indicated that learners are often not aware of the collocations and are not able to control their collocation production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-22
Number of pages12
Journal3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature
Volume18
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

language
student
cultural difference
Student Writing
Collocation
interview
learning
Language
Group
Cultural Background

Keywords

  • Collocations
  • Culture
  • L1 influence
  • Negative transfer
  • Positive transfer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Literature and Literary Theory
  • Linguistics and Language

Cite this

Analysis of collocations in the Iranian postgraduate students' writings. / Namvar, Firooz; Mohd Nor, Nor Fariza; Ibrahim, Noraini; Mustafa, Jamilah.

In: 3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature, Vol. 18, No. 1, 2012, p. 11-22.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Namvar, Firooz ; Mohd Nor, Nor Fariza ; Ibrahim, Noraini ; Mustafa, Jamilah. / Analysis of collocations in the Iranian postgraduate students' writings. In: 3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature. 2012 ; Vol. 18, No. 1. pp. 11-22.
@article{fb33210dd48c4854b0fe37db3098d70e,
title = "Analysis of collocations in the Iranian postgraduate students' writings",
abstract = "It is widely acknowledged that collocations play an important role in second language learning, particularly at the intermediate and advanced levels. This study intended to explore the influence of first language (L1) and the cultural background of learners on the production of collocations. Thirty Iranian postgraduate students participated in this study and their academic writings were analyzed to determine the collocations they produced and to identify the basis for their difficulties in producing collocations. A focus group interview was used to determine the influence of L1 and cultural background of the learners on the production of collocations. The results showed that learners have difficulties with both lexical and grammatical collocations in their writing. First language influence appeared to have a strong effect on the learners' production of collocation. In addition, as language and culture are not separable, the cultural difference between the first language and target language caused students to come up with odd and unacceptable lexical collocations from the perspective of native speakers. The results indicated that learners are often not aware of the collocations and are not able to control their collocation production.",
keywords = "Collocations, Culture, L1 influence, Negative transfer, Positive transfer",
author = "Firooz Namvar and {Mohd Nor}, {Nor Fariza} and Noraini Ibrahim and Jamilah Mustafa",
year = "2012",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "11--22",
journal = "3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature",
issn = "0128-5157",
publisher = "Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Analysis of collocations in the Iranian postgraduate students' writings

AU - Namvar, Firooz

AU - Mohd Nor, Nor Fariza

AU - Ibrahim, Noraini

AU - Mustafa, Jamilah

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - It is widely acknowledged that collocations play an important role in second language learning, particularly at the intermediate and advanced levels. This study intended to explore the influence of first language (L1) and the cultural background of learners on the production of collocations. Thirty Iranian postgraduate students participated in this study and their academic writings were analyzed to determine the collocations they produced and to identify the basis for their difficulties in producing collocations. A focus group interview was used to determine the influence of L1 and cultural background of the learners on the production of collocations. The results showed that learners have difficulties with both lexical and grammatical collocations in their writing. First language influence appeared to have a strong effect on the learners' production of collocation. In addition, as language and culture are not separable, the cultural difference between the first language and target language caused students to come up with odd and unacceptable lexical collocations from the perspective of native speakers. The results indicated that learners are often not aware of the collocations and are not able to control their collocation production.

AB - It is widely acknowledged that collocations play an important role in second language learning, particularly at the intermediate and advanced levels. This study intended to explore the influence of first language (L1) and the cultural background of learners on the production of collocations. Thirty Iranian postgraduate students participated in this study and their academic writings were analyzed to determine the collocations they produced and to identify the basis for their difficulties in producing collocations. A focus group interview was used to determine the influence of L1 and cultural background of the learners on the production of collocations. The results showed that learners have difficulties with both lexical and grammatical collocations in their writing. First language influence appeared to have a strong effect on the learners' production of collocation. In addition, as language and culture are not separable, the cultural difference between the first language and target language caused students to come up with odd and unacceptable lexical collocations from the perspective of native speakers. The results indicated that learners are often not aware of the collocations and are not able to control their collocation production.

KW - Collocations

KW - Culture

KW - L1 influence

KW - Negative transfer

KW - Positive transfer

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84860490795&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84860490795&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84860490795

VL - 18

SP - 11

EP - 22

JO - 3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature

JF - 3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature

SN - 0128-5157

IS - 1

ER -