Analisis keperluan tenaga manusia dalam industri pelancongan di Malaysia

Norlida Hanim Mohd Salleh, Poo Bee Tin, Nor Ain Mokhtar Dan, Redzuan Othman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Malaysia had forecasted tourism sector experienced a substantial increased due to the impact of higher tourist arrivals from high-income countries in 2011. Along with that, the demand for employment, especially in the tourism sub-sectors are expected to increase. Based on the Tenth Malaysia Plan, the government has targeted Malaysia to be included in the top 10 countries in terms of revenues from the global tourism sector besides generating 2 million jobs for Malaysians by 2015. This paper makes a projection on the requirement of human resource needs in the Malaysian tourism industry to provide an initial overview about manpower requirements in the tourism sector in 2015. The method used is the Input - Output analysis . This method is the most appropriate method for estimating manpower requirements as projections would cover the entire sectors in the economy. Projected labor requirements are divided into three scenarios. These scenarios show the relationship between labor , output and economic growth at a certain level . Economic growth is assumed: i ) low at 3.8 % , ii) stable at 5.8 % and iii ) high at 7. %. The results showed that the tourism sector which includes hotel, restaurant, transportation, entertainment and recreation and retail trade sub-sectors experienced a significant improvement in 2015. Hotels and restaurants and retail trade sub-sectors were the largest contributors to the human resource requirement in 2015.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-174
Number of pages14
JournalMalaysian Journal of Mathematical Sciences
Volume9
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Malaysia
Tourism
Sector
Requirements
Human Resources
Economic Growth
Input-output Analysis
Projection
Scenarios
Entire
Cover
Industry
Output

Keywords

  • Human resource
  • Input - output
  • Projection
  • Tourism

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mathematics(all)

Cite this

Analisis keperluan tenaga manusia dalam industri pelancongan di Malaysia. / Mohd Salleh, Norlida Hanim; Tin, Poo Bee; Dan, Nor Ain Mokhtar; Othman, Redzuan.

In: Malaysian Journal of Mathematical Sciences, Vol. 9, No. 1, 2015, p. 161-174.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mohd Salleh, Norlida Hanim ; Tin, Poo Bee ; Dan, Nor Ain Mokhtar ; Othman, Redzuan. / Analisis keperluan tenaga manusia dalam industri pelancongan di Malaysia. In: Malaysian Journal of Mathematical Sciences. 2015 ; Vol. 9, No. 1. pp. 161-174.
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