Anaerobic digestion of palm oil mill effluent (POME) using bio-methane potential (BMP) test

Nur Izzah Hamna A. Aziz, Marlia Mohd Hanafiah

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Biogas is a promising sustainable and renewable energy alternative to reduce the dependence on fossil fuel. In Malaysia, the conversion of palm oil mill effluent (POME) to bioenergy has recently been expanded due to its high potential in generating energy. However, without a proper treatment and management, POME could be harmful to environment because it emits greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere and could also pollutes the watercourses if discharge directly due to the high acidity and chemical oxygen demand (COD) content. Many initiatives have been taken by the government towards sustainable development. Therefore, more efforts need to be practiced to improve and upscale the technology for a better waste management. In this study, the anaerobic digestion of POME was carried out using Bio-methane potential (BMP) test in batch and laboratory scales. Physicochemical characteristics and the biogas production of POME were measured. The BMP test under mesophilic condition was conducted for 23 consecutive days to measure the biogas production. The POME produced 721.3?cm3 of biogas by using anaerobic sludge as inoculum. The results also found that the methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2) gases produced with 360.65?cm3 and 288.52?cm3, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium
Subtitle of host publicationProceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium
PublisherAmerican Institute of Physics Inc.
Volume1940
ISBN (Electronic)9780735416321
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 4 Apr 2018
Event2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium - Selangor, Malaysia
Duration: 12 Jul 201713 Jul 2017

Other

Other2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium
CountryMalaysia
CitySelangor
Period12/7/1713/7/17

Fingerprint

effluents
methane
oils
inoculum
waste management
Malaysia
fossil fuels
sludge
renewable energy
greenhouses
gases
acidity
carbon dioxide
atmospheres
energy
oxygen

Keywords

  • anaerobic digestion
  • Bio-Methane Potential (BMP) test.
  • biodegradability
  • Biogas production
  • palm oil mill effluent (POME)
  • renewable energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Aziz, N. I. H. A., & Mohd Hanafiah, M. (2018). Anaerobic digestion of palm oil mill effluent (POME) using bio-methane potential (BMP) test. In 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium (Vol. 1940). [020026] American Institute of Physics Inc.. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5027941

Anaerobic digestion of palm oil mill effluent (POME) using bio-methane potential (BMP) test. / Aziz, Nur Izzah Hamna A.; Mohd Hanafiah, Marlia.

2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018. 020026.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Aziz, NIHA & Mohd Hanafiah, M 2018, Anaerobic digestion of palm oil mill effluent (POME) using bio-methane potential (BMP) test. in 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. vol. 1940, 020026, American Institute of Physics Inc., 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium, Selangor, Malaysia, 12/7/17. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5027941
Aziz NIHA, Mohd Hanafiah M. Anaerobic digestion of palm oil mill effluent (POME) using bio-methane potential (BMP) test. In 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940. American Institute of Physics Inc. 2018. 020026 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5027941
Aziz, Nur Izzah Hamna A. ; Mohd Hanafiah, Marlia. / Anaerobic digestion of palm oil mill effluent (POME) using bio-methane potential (BMP) test. 2017 UKM FST Postgraduate Colloquium: Proceedings of the University Kebangsaan Malaysia, Faculty of Science and Technology 2017 Postgraduate Colloquium. Vol. 1940 American Institute of Physics Inc., 2018.
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