An overview of the technology used to remove trihalomethane (THM), trihalomethane precursors, and trihalomethane formation potential (THMFP) from water and wastewater

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In developing countries such as Malaysia, chlorination is a popular and inexpensive technique for disinfecting water before distribution to consumers. However, the chlorination process results in the formation of low concentrations of toxic trihalomethanes (THMs), which may, over long periods of exposure, lead to adverse effects in consumers. Thus, these compounds should be prevented from forming and removed from drinking water and wastewater through either physicochemical or biological techniques. In this paper, an overview of the various technologies for the removal of THM precursors and THMs is presented. In addition, emerging technology using microbes to effectively biodegrade THMs is also discussed. Biodegradation technology has the potential to eliminate THM precursors and THMs from water and wastewater and has the advantages of being a green technology and being inexpensive to operate and maintain compared with other physicochemical techniques.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2017

Fingerprint

Trihalomethanes
Wastewater
Chlorination
Water
Environmental technology
Biodegradation
Developing countries
Potable water
Poisons
Drinking Water

Keywords

  • Biofiltration
  • Drinking water
  • THM precursors
  • Trihalomethanes
  • Trihalomethanes formation potential

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

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title = "An overview of the technology used to remove trihalomethane (THM), trihalomethane precursors, and trihalomethane formation potential (THMFP) from water and wastewater",
abstract = "In developing countries such as Malaysia, chlorination is a popular and inexpensive technique for disinfecting water before distribution to consumers. However, the chlorination process results in the formation of low concentrations of toxic trihalomethanes (THMs), which may, over long periods of exposure, lead to adverse effects in consumers. Thus, these compounds should be prevented from forming and removed from drinking water and wastewater through either physicochemical or biological techniques. In this paper, an overview of the various technologies for the removal of THM precursors and THMs is presented. In addition, emerging technology using microbes to effectively biodegrade THMs is also discussed. Biodegradation technology has the potential to eliminate THM precursors and THMs from water and wastewater and has the advantages of being a green technology and being inexpensive to operate and maintain compared with other physicochemical techniques.",
keywords = "Biofiltration, Drinking water, THM precursors, Trihalomethanes, Trihalomethanes formation potential",
author = "{Mohd Zainudin}, Fathiyyah and {Abu Hasan}, Hassimi and {Sheikh Abdullah}, {Siti Rozaimah}",
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language = "English",
journal = "Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry",
issn = "1226-086X",
publisher = "Korean Society of Industrial Engineering Chemistry",

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T1 - An overview of the technology used to remove trihalomethane (THM), trihalomethane precursors, and trihalomethane formation potential (THMFP) from water and wastewater

AU - Mohd Zainudin, Fathiyyah

AU - Abu Hasan, Hassimi

AU - Sheikh Abdullah, Siti Rozaimah

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - In developing countries such as Malaysia, chlorination is a popular and inexpensive technique for disinfecting water before distribution to consumers. However, the chlorination process results in the formation of low concentrations of toxic trihalomethanes (THMs), which may, over long periods of exposure, lead to adverse effects in consumers. Thus, these compounds should be prevented from forming and removed from drinking water and wastewater through either physicochemical or biological techniques. In this paper, an overview of the various technologies for the removal of THM precursors and THMs is presented. In addition, emerging technology using microbes to effectively biodegrade THMs is also discussed. Biodegradation technology has the potential to eliminate THM precursors and THMs from water and wastewater and has the advantages of being a green technology and being inexpensive to operate and maintain compared with other physicochemical techniques.

AB - In developing countries such as Malaysia, chlorination is a popular and inexpensive technique for disinfecting water before distribution to consumers. However, the chlorination process results in the formation of low concentrations of toxic trihalomethanes (THMs), which may, over long periods of exposure, lead to adverse effects in consumers. Thus, these compounds should be prevented from forming and removed from drinking water and wastewater through either physicochemical or biological techniques. In this paper, an overview of the various technologies for the removal of THM precursors and THMs is presented. In addition, emerging technology using microbes to effectively biodegrade THMs is also discussed. Biodegradation technology has the potential to eliminate THM precursors and THMs from water and wastewater and has the advantages of being a green technology and being inexpensive to operate and maintain compared with other physicochemical techniques.

KW - Biofiltration

KW - Drinking water

KW - THM precursors

KW - Trihalomethanes

KW - Trihalomethanes formation potential

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