An overview of fuel management in direct methanol fuel cells

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

38 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fuel cells were an important technology that could be used for a variety of power applications. The direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) was a promising candidate for powering portable electronic devices such as laptops, digital cameras and cell phones. Compared with conventional batteries, DMFCs could provide a higher power density with a longer lifetime and almost instant recharging. However, many issues related to the design, fabrication and operation of miniaturised DMFC power systems remain unsolved. Fuel delivery was a key issue in determining the performance of a DMFC. To achieve the desired performance, an efficient fuel delivery system was required to provide an adequate amount of fuel for consumption and to remove the carbon dioxide generated in the fuel-cell devices. This paper presented a detailed description of various fuel flow-field designs for DMFCs and their respective advantages. This paper also discussed the current approaches and challenges in existing fuel delivery and fuel storage systems, including active and passive DMFCs and micro-fluidic systems. The commercialisation of DMFCs with storage was presented.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)557-565
Number of pages9
JournalRenewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews
Volume24
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Direct methanol fuel cells (DMFC)
Fuel cells
Fuel storage
Digital cameras
Fluidics
Flow fields
Carbon dioxide
Fabrication

Keywords

  • Direct methanol fuel cell
  • Flow-field design
  • Fuel delivery system
  • Fuel storage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

Cite this

@article{3d8d0766c15e41ec82451a341e6a0c6d,
title = "An overview of fuel management in direct methanol fuel cells",
abstract = "Fuel cells were an important technology that could be used for a variety of power applications. The direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) was a promising candidate for powering portable electronic devices such as laptops, digital cameras and cell phones. Compared with conventional batteries, DMFCs could provide a higher power density with a longer lifetime and almost instant recharging. However, many issues related to the design, fabrication and operation of miniaturised DMFC power systems remain unsolved. Fuel delivery was a key issue in determining the performance of a DMFC. To achieve the desired performance, an efficient fuel delivery system was required to provide an adequate amount of fuel for consumption and to remove the carbon dioxide generated in the fuel-cell devices. This paper presented a detailed description of various fuel flow-field designs for DMFCs and their respective advantages. This paper also discussed the current approaches and challenges in existing fuel delivery and fuel storage systems, including active and passive DMFCs and micro-fluidic systems. The commercialisation of DMFCs with storage was presented.",
keywords = "Direct methanol fuel cell, Flow-field design, Fuel delivery system, Fuel storage",
author = "Kamaruddin, {M. Z F} and Kamarudin, {Siti Kartom} and {Wan Daud}, {Wan Ramli} and {Mastar @ Masdar}, {Mohd Shahbudin}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1016/j.rser.2013.03.013",
language = "English",
volume = "24",
pages = "557--565",
journal = "Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews",
issn = "1364-0321",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An overview of fuel management in direct methanol fuel cells

AU - Kamaruddin, M. Z F

AU - Kamarudin, Siti Kartom

AU - Wan Daud, Wan Ramli

AU - Mastar @ Masdar, Mohd Shahbudin

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Fuel cells were an important technology that could be used for a variety of power applications. The direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) was a promising candidate for powering portable electronic devices such as laptops, digital cameras and cell phones. Compared with conventional batteries, DMFCs could provide a higher power density with a longer lifetime and almost instant recharging. However, many issues related to the design, fabrication and operation of miniaturised DMFC power systems remain unsolved. Fuel delivery was a key issue in determining the performance of a DMFC. To achieve the desired performance, an efficient fuel delivery system was required to provide an adequate amount of fuel for consumption and to remove the carbon dioxide generated in the fuel-cell devices. This paper presented a detailed description of various fuel flow-field designs for DMFCs and their respective advantages. This paper also discussed the current approaches and challenges in existing fuel delivery and fuel storage systems, including active and passive DMFCs and micro-fluidic systems. The commercialisation of DMFCs with storage was presented.

AB - Fuel cells were an important technology that could be used for a variety of power applications. The direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) was a promising candidate for powering portable electronic devices such as laptops, digital cameras and cell phones. Compared with conventional batteries, DMFCs could provide a higher power density with a longer lifetime and almost instant recharging. However, many issues related to the design, fabrication and operation of miniaturised DMFC power systems remain unsolved. Fuel delivery was a key issue in determining the performance of a DMFC. To achieve the desired performance, an efficient fuel delivery system was required to provide an adequate amount of fuel for consumption and to remove the carbon dioxide generated in the fuel-cell devices. This paper presented a detailed description of various fuel flow-field designs for DMFCs and their respective advantages. This paper also discussed the current approaches and challenges in existing fuel delivery and fuel storage systems, including active and passive DMFCs and micro-fluidic systems. The commercialisation of DMFCs with storage was presented.

KW - Direct methanol fuel cell

KW - Flow-field design

KW - Fuel delivery system

KW - Fuel storage

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84876919696&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84876919696&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.rser.2013.03.013

DO - 10.1016/j.rser.2013.03.013

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84876919696

VL - 24

SP - 557

EP - 565

JO - Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

JF - Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews

SN - 1364-0321

ER -