An improved LSB image steganography technique using bit-inverse in 24 bit colour image

Mohammed Abdul Majeed, Rossilawati Sulaiman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Steganography is an art of disguising the fact that communication is going on by concealing information in other information. In general, the communication carrier can be files in many formats; however, digital images are the most common due to their frequent use on the Internet. This paper introduces an improvement on the standard least significant bit (LSB)-based image steganography technique and proposes the bit inversion method that improves the stego-images quality in 24-bit colour image. A stegoimage is the outcome of an image (usually called the cover image), after a secret message is hidden in it. In this technique, the LSB’s of some pixels of the cover image are inverted, when inputs of specific patterns of some bits related to the pixels are found. In this way, less number of pixels is modified in comparison to the standard LSB method. Our focus is to obtain a high value ratio of the Peak Signal-to-Noise (PSNR) of the stego-image, to make sure that both stego-image and the original image are difficult to discern by human eyes. The proposed bit inversion method starts with the last LSBs of both green and blue colour planes that will be replaced by the first and the second most significant bits (MSB) of the secret image. The proposed method introduces two additional levels of security to the standard LSB steganography. The first level is that because only the green and blue colours are used, instead of three colors red, green, and blue in the standard LSB, the red colour will act as noise data, and thus increases the complexity of an attacker, when he/she tries to retrieve the secret message. The second level exploits the new bit inversion technique that reverses the bits of the image pixels after applying the standard LSB. Experiments have been conducted using a collection of standard images to evaluate the proposed technique, which give the Peak Signal-toNoise Ratio (PSNR) values of 72, 61, and 70 for Lena.jpg, Babbon.jpg, and Pepper.jpg respectively. From the experiment, we also observed that by using the bit inverse technique, less numbers of pixels are modified compared with the standard LSB method.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)342-348
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology
Volume80
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 20 Oct 2015

Fingerprint

Steganography
Color Image
Color
Pixel
Pixels
Inversion
Cover
Standards
Digital Image
Carrier communication
Image Quality
Experiment
Reverse
Image quality

Keywords

  • Bit-inverse
  • Colour image
  • Image steganography
  • LSB
  • Robustness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Theoretical Computer Science

Cite this

An improved LSB image steganography technique using bit-inverse in 24 bit colour image. / Majeed, Mohammed Abdul; Sulaiman, Rossilawati.

In: Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, Vol. 80, No. 2, 20.10.2015, p. 342-348.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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