An experimental investigation on natural convection of non-covalently functionalized MWCNTs nanofluids: Effects of aspect ratio and inclination angle

Asma Samadzadeh, Saeed Zeinali Heris, Ishak Hashim, Omid Mahian

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

An experimental analysis was conducted to study natural convection heat transfer of water-based nanofluids. Two enclosures with the length × width × height(cm) dimensions of 10 × 10 × 10 and 20 × 10 × 10 and the inclination slopes of 0, 45 and 90° were considered. One of the walls was cooled and the opposite wall was heated. Multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)/water nanofluids were used as the heat transfer fluid while the MWCNTs were non-covalently functionalized by gum Arabic (GA). The MWCNT-GA/water nanofluids were prepared using 0.005, 0.05 and 0.1 wt% nanoparticles. According to the results, adding MWCNTs to water reduced free convection heat transfer in both enclosures. The effect of increasing MWCNT concentration on Nusselt number was found to be greater than the impact of changing Rayleigh number. Furthermore, free convection heat transfer increased with reducing inclination angle from 90° to 0° at high Rayleigh numbers. It was noticed that changing inclination angle has no considerable influence on Nusselt number at lower Rayleigh numbers. Moreover, free convection heat transfer increased about 8.77% with increasing the aspect ratio from 1 to 2. The highest reduction of Nusselt number was attributed to a system with the aspect ratio, concentration and inclination angle of 1, 0.1 wt% and 90°, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104473
JournalInternational Communications in Heat and Mass Transfer
Volume111
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

Fingerprint

Natural convection
free convection
inclination
aspect ratio
Aspect ratio
heat transfer
Carbon Nanotubes
Heat transfer
Rayleigh number
Nusselt number
Gum Arabic
Carbon nanotubes
Water
carbon nanotubes
enclosure
Enclosures
water
slopes
Nanoparticles
nanoparticles

Keywords

  • Heat transfer enhancement
  • MWCNT
  • Nanofluid
  • Natural convection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

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title = "An experimental investigation on natural convection of non-covalently functionalized MWCNTs nanofluids: Effects of aspect ratio and inclination angle",
abstract = "An experimental analysis was conducted to study natural convection heat transfer of water-based nanofluids. Two enclosures with the length × width × height(cm) dimensions of 10 × 10 × 10 and 20 × 10 × 10 and the inclination slopes of 0, 45 and 90° were considered. One of the walls was cooled and the opposite wall was heated. Multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)/water nanofluids were used as the heat transfer fluid while the MWCNTs were non-covalently functionalized by gum Arabic (GA). The MWCNT-GA/water nanofluids were prepared using 0.005, 0.05 and 0.1 wt{\%} nanoparticles. According to the results, adding MWCNTs to water reduced free convection heat transfer in both enclosures. The effect of increasing MWCNT concentration on Nusselt number was found to be greater than the impact of changing Rayleigh number. Furthermore, free convection heat transfer increased with reducing inclination angle from 90° to 0° at high Rayleigh numbers. It was noticed that changing inclination angle has no considerable influence on Nusselt number at lower Rayleigh numbers. Moreover, free convection heat transfer increased about 8.77{\%} with increasing the aspect ratio from 1 to 2. The highest reduction of Nusselt number was attributed to a system with the aspect ratio, concentration and inclination angle of 1, 0.1 wt{\%} and 90°, respectively.",
keywords = "Heat transfer enhancement, MWCNT, Nanofluid, Natural convection",
author = "Asma Samadzadeh and {Zeinali Heris}, Saeed and Ishak Hashim and Omid Mahian",
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AU - Hashim, Ishak

AU - Mahian, Omid

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N2 - An experimental analysis was conducted to study natural convection heat transfer of water-based nanofluids. Two enclosures with the length × width × height(cm) dimensions of 10 × 10 × 10 and 20 × 10 × 10 and the inclination slopes of 0, 45 and 90° were considered. One of the walls was cooled and the opposite wall was heated. Multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)/water nanofluids were used as the heat transfer fluid while the MWCNTs were non-covalently functionalized by gum Arabic (GA). The MWCNT-GA/water nanofluids were prepared using 0.005, 0.05 and 0.1 wt% nanoparticles. According to the results, adding MWCNTs to water reduced free convection heat transfer in both enclosures. The effect of increasing MWCNT concentration on Nusselt number was found to be greater than the impact of changing Rayleigh number. Furthermore, free convection heat transfer increased with reducing inclination angle from 90° to 0° at high Rayleigh numbers. It was noticed that changing inclination angle has no considerable influence on Nusselt number at lower Rayleigh numbers. Moreover, free convection heat transfer increased about 8.77% with increasing the aspect ratio from 1 to 2. The highest reduction of Nusselt number was attributed to a system with the aspect ratio, concentration and inclination angle of 1, 0.1 wt% and 90°, respectively.

AB - An experimental analysis was conducted to study natural convection heat transfer of water-based nanofluids. Two enclosures with the length × width × height(cm) dimensions of 10 × 10 × 10 and 20 × 10 × 10 and the inclination slopes of 0, 45 and 90° were considered. One of the walls was cooled and the opposite wall was heated. Multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT)/water nanofluids were used as the heat transfer fluid while the MWCNTs were non-covalently functionalized by gum Arabic (GA). The MWCNT-GA/water nanofluids were prepared using 0.005, 0.05 and 0.1 wt% nanoparticles. According to the results, adding MWCNTs to water reduced free convection heat transfer in both enclosures. The effect of increasing MWCNT concentration on Nusselt number was found to be greater than the impact of changing Rayleigh number. Furthermore, free convection heat transfer increased with reducing inclination angle from 90° to 0° at high Rayleigh numbers. It was noticed that changing inclination angle has no considerable influence on Nusselt number at lower Rayleigh numbers. Moreover, free convection heat transfer increased about 8.77% with increasing the aspect ratio from 1 to 2. The highest reduction of Nusselt number was attributed to a system with the aspect ratio, concentration and inclination angle of 1, 0.1 wt% and 90°, respectively.

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