An experimental investigation of SiC nanofluid as a base-fluid for a photovoltaic thermal PV/T system

Ali H A Al-Waeli, Kamaruzzaman Sopian, Miqdam T. Chaichan, Hussein A. Kazem, Husam Abdulrasool Hasan, Ali Najah Al-Shamani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The thermophysical properties of nanofluid composed of water and SiC nanoparticles without the use of a surfactant as a coolant for a PV/T system was investigated. It was observed that the addition of 3 wt% of these nanoparticles to water caused an increase in the resulting fluid density by up to 0.0082% and an increase of viscosity by up to 1.8%. Moreover, the thermal conductivity was enhanced by up to 8.2% for the tested temperature range of 25 °C–60 °C. The stability of the nanofluid was examined at intervals of three months and it was found that after six months the thermal conductivity reduced by up to 0.003 W/m K, indicating that the solution was stable and suitable for use for long periods. The use of 3 wt% SiC nanofluid increased the electrical efficiency by up to 24.1% compared to the PV system alone, while the thermal efficiency increased by up to 100.19% compared to the use of water for cooling. The final results indicated that the total effectiveness of the PV/T nanofluid system had a higher overall efficiency of about 88.9% compared to the separate PV system.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)547-558
Number of pages12
JournalEnergy Conversion and Management
Volume142
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Fingerprint

Fluids
Thermal conductivity
Nanoparticles
Water
Coolants
Surface active agents
Thermodynamic properties
Viscosity
Cooling
Hot Temperature
Temperature

Keywords

  • Combined PVT efficiencies
  • Electrical efficiency
  • Nanofluids
  • Nanoparticles
  • PVT collector
  • Thermal efficiency

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

An experimental investigation of SiC nanofluid as a base-fluid for a photovoltaic thermal PV/T system. / Al-Waeli, Ali H A; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman; Chaichan, Miqdam T.; Kazem, Hussein A.; Hasan, Husam Abdulrasool; Al-Shamani, Ali Najah.

In: Energy Conversion and Management, Vol. 142, 2017, p. 547-558.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Al-Waeli, Ali H A ; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman ; Chaichan, Miqdam T. ; Kazem, Hussein A. ; Hasan, Husam Abdulrasool ; Al-Shamani, Ali Najah. / An experimental investigation of SiC nanofluid as a base-fluid for a photovoltaic thermal PV/T system. In: Energy Conversion and Management. 2017 ; Vol. 142. pp. 547-558.
@article{8375f6a140d74851b0ba6289c9dd83f2,
title = "An experimental investigation of SiC nanofluid as a base-fluid for a photovoltaic thermal PV/T system",
abstract = "The thermophysical properties of nanofluid composed of water and SiC nanoparticles without the use of a surfactant as a coolant for a PV/T system was investigated. It was observed that the addition of 3 wt{\%} of these nanoparticles to water caused an increase in the resulting fluid density by up to 0.0082{\%} and an increase of viscosity by up to 1.8{\%}. Moreover, the thermal conductivity was enhanced by up to 8.2{\%} for the tested temperature range of 25 °C–60 °C. The stability of the nanofluid was examined at intervals of three months and it was found that after six months the thermal conductivity reduced by up to 0.003 W/m K, indicating that the solution was stable and suitable for use for long periods. The use of 3 wt{\%} SiC nanofluid increased the electrical efficiency by up to 24.1{\%} compared to the PV system alone, while the thermal efficiency increased by up to 100.19{\%} compared to the use of water for cooling. The final results indicated that the total effectiveness of the PV/T nanofluid system had a higher overall efficiency of about 88.9{\%} compared to the separate PV system.",
keywords = "Combined PVT efficiencies, Electrical efficiency, Nanofluids, Nanoparticles, PVT collector, Thermal efficiency",
author = "Al-Waeli, {Ali H A} and Kamaruzzaman Sopian and Chaichan, {Miqdam T.} and Kazem, {Hussein A.} and Hasan, {Husam Abdulrasool} and Al-Shamani, {Ali Najah}",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.1016/j.enconman.2017.03.076",
language = "English",
volume = "142",
pages = "547--558",
journal = "Energy Conversion and Management",
issn = "0196-8904",
publisher = "Elsevier Limited",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - An experimental investigation of SiC nanofluid as a base-fluid for a photovoltaic thermal PV/T system

AU - Al-Waeli, Ali H A

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

AU - Chaichan, Miqdam T.

AU - Kazem, Hussein A.

AU - Hasan, Husam Abdulrasool

AU - Al-Shamani, Ali Najah

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - The thermophysical properties of nanofluid composed of water and SiC nanoparticles without the use of a surfactant as a coolant for a PV/T system was investigated. It was observed that the addition of 3 wt% of these nanoparticles to water caused an increase in the resulting fluid density by up to 0.0082% and an increase of viscosity by up to 1.8%. Moreover, the thermal conductivity was enhanced by up to 8.2% for the tested temperature range of 25 °C–60 °C. The stability of the nanofluid was examined at intervals of three months and it was found that after six months the thermal conductivity reduced by up to 0.003 W/m K, indicating that the solution was stable and suitable for use for long periods. The use of 3 wt% SiC nanofluid increased the electrical efficiency by up to 24.1% compared to the PV system alone, while the thermal efficiency increased by up to 100.19% compared to the use of water for cooling. The final results indicated that the total effectiveness of the PV/T nanofluid system had a higher overall efficiency of about 88.9% compared to the separate PV system.

AB - The thermophysical properties of nanofluid composed of water and SiC nanoparticles without the use of a surfactant as a coolant for a PV/T system was investigated. It was observed that the addition of 3 wt% of these nanoparticles to water caused an increase in the resulting fluid density by up to 0.0082% and an increase of viscosity by up to 1.8%. Moreover, the thermal conductivity was enhanced by up to 8.2% for the tested temperature range of 25 °C–60 °C. The stability of the nanofluid was examined at intervals of three months and it was found that after six months the thermal conductivity reduced by up to 0.003 W/m K, indicating that the solution was stable and suitable for use for long periods. The use of 3 wt% SiC nanofluid increased the electrical efficiency by up to 24.1% compared to the PV system alone, while the thermal efficiency increased by up to 100.19% compared to the use of water for cooling. The final results indicated that the total effectiveness of the PV/T nanofluid system had a higher overall efficiency of about 88.9% compared to the separate PV system.

KW - Combined PVT efficiencies

KW - Electrical efficiency

KW - Nanofluids

KW - Nanoparticles

KW - PVT collector

KW - Thermal efficiency

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85016999521&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85016999521&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.enconman.2017.03.076

DO - 10.1016/j.enconman.2017.03.076

M3 - Article

VL - 142

SP - 547

EP - 558

JO - Energy Conversion and Management

JF - Energy Conversion and Management

SN - 0196-8904

ER -