An assessment of a strain-life approach for fatigue crack growth

Mohammad Hadi Hafezi, N. Nik Abdullah, José F O Correia, Abílio M P De Jesus

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    27 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Purpose - Fatigue crack growth models based on elastic-plastic stress-strain histories at the crack tip region and strain-life damage models have been proposed. The UniGrow model fits this particular class of fatigue crack propagation models. The residual stresses developed at the crack tip play a central role in these models, since they are applied to assess the actual crack driving force. This paper aims to assess the performance of the UniGrow model based on available experimental constant amplitude crack propagation data, derived for several metallic materials from representative Portuguese bridges. It also aims to discuss key issues in fatigue crack growth prediction, using the UniGrow model, in particular the residual stress computation and the suitability of fatigue damage rules. Design/methodology/approach - The UniGrow model is assessed using data derived by the authors for materials from Portuguese riveted metallic bridges. Strain-life data, from fatigue tests on smooth specimens, are used to propose a convenient fatigue damage model. Predicted crack growth rates are compared with experimental crack propagation data obtained by authors using fatigue tests on compact tension specimens. Since the UniGrow model is a residual stress-based propagation model, elastoplastic finite element analysis is proposed for comparison with the analytical approach implemented in the original UniGrow model. Findings - The use of the Smith-Watson-Topper damage parameter overestimates the stress R-ratio effects on crack propagation rates, mainly if the material shows crack propagation rates with small to moderate sensitivity to stress R-ratio, which is the case of the materials under investigation in this paper. Alternatively, the application of the Coffin-Manson damage law leads to consistent fatigue crack growth predictions for the investigated range of positive stress R-ratios. The stress R-ratios effects may be solely attributed to the residual stresses. Their estimation, using an analytical approach, may lead to inconsistent results, which is demonstrated by an alternative elastoplastic finite element analysis. Originality/value - Contributions for more accurate predictions of fatigue crack propagation rates, for several stress ratios, using a strain-based approach is proposed. This approach is valuable since it may be used to reduce the time consuming and costly fatigue crack propagation tests. Furthermore, the proposed approach shows potential for an unified crack initiation and propagation approach.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)344-376
    Number of pages33
    JournalInternational Journal of Structural Integrity
    Volume3
    Issue number4
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2012

    Fingerprint

    Fatigue crack propagation
    Crack propagation
    Residual stresses
    Fatigue damage
    Crack tips
    Fatigue of materials
    Finite element method
    Crack initiation
    Plastics
    Cracks

    Keywords

    • Fatigue
    • Fatigue crack propagation
    • Finite element analysis
    • Old bridge materials
    • Residual stresses
    • Strain measurement
    • Strain-life approach

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Mechanical Engineering
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Civil and Structural Engineering

    Cite this

    An assessment of a strain-life approach for fatigue crack growth. / Hafezi, Mohammad Hadi; Abdullah, N. Nik; Correia, José F O; De Jesus, Abílio M P.

    In: International Journal of Structural Integrity, Vol. 3, No. 4, 2012, p. 344-376.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Hafezi, Mohammad Hadi ; Abdullah, N. Nik ; Correia, José F O ; De Jesus, Abílio M P. / An assessment of a strain-life approach for fatigue crack growth. In: International Journal of Structural Integrity. 2012 ; Vol. 3, No. 4. pp. 344-376.
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    AB - Purpose - Fatigue crack growth models based on elastic-plastic stress-strain histories at the crack tip region and strain-life damage models have been proposed. The UniGrow model fits this particular class of fatigue crack propagation models. The residual stresses developed at the crack tip play a central role in these models, since they are applied to assess the actual crack driving force. This paper aims to assess the performance of the UniGrow model based on available experimental constant amplitude crack propagation data, derived for several metallic materials from representative Portuguese bridges. It also aims to discuss key issues in fatigue crack growth prediction, using the UniGrow model, in particular the residual stress computation and the suitability of fatigue damage rules. Design/methodology/approach - The UniGrow model is assessed using data derived by the authors for materials from Portuguese riveted metallic bridges. Strain-life data, from fatigue tests on smooth specimens, are used to propose a convenient fatigue damage model. Predicted crack growth rates are compared with experimental crack propagation data obtained by authors using fatigue tests on compact tension specimens. Since the UniGrow model is a residual stress-based propagation model, elastoplastic finite element analysis is proposed for comparison with the analytical approach implemented in the original UniGrow model. Findings - The use of the Smith-Watson-Topper damage parameter overestimates the stress R-ratio effects on crack propagation rates, mainly if the material shows crack propagation rates with small to moderate sensitivity to stress R-ratio, which is the case of the materials under investigation in this paper. Alternatively, the application of the Coffin-Manson damage law leads to consistent fatigue crack growth predictions for the investigated range of positive stress R-ratios. The stress R-ratios effects may be solely attributed to the residual stresses. Their estimation, using an analytical approach, may lead to inconsistent results, which is demonstrated by an alternative elastoplastic finite element analysis. Originality/value - Contributions for more accurate predictions of fatigue crack propagation rates, for several stress ratios, using a strain-based approach is proposed. This approach is valuable since it may be used to reduce the time consuming and costly fatigue crack propagation tests. Furthermore, the proposed approach shows potential for an unified crack initiation and propagation approach.

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