Alternative rna extraction method in vibrio vulnificus infected brown-marbled grouper, epinephelus fuscoguttatus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Vibriosis is a prevalent aquatic disease caused by Vibrio species and has led to massive loss of brown-marbled grouper, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus. The complexity of molecular mechanisms associated with immune defence can be studied through transcriptomics analysis. High quality and quantity of total RNAs are crucial for the veracity of RNA sequencing and gene expression analysis. A low quality RNA will compromise downstream analysis, resulting in loss of time and revenue to re-acquire the data again. Thus, a reliable and an efficient RNA isolation method is the first and most important step to obtain high quality RNA for gene expression studies. There are many aspects need to be considered when deciding an extraction method, such as the cost-effectiveness of the protocol, the duration of chemical exposure, the duration required for a complete extraction and the number of sample-transferring. A good RNA extraction protocol must be able to produce high yield and purity of RNA free from enzyme inhibitors, such as nucleases (RNase), phenols, alcohols or other chemicals carryover, apart from protein and genomic DNA contamination, to maintain isolated RNA integrity in storage condition. In this study, TransZolTM Up produced clean and pure RNA samples from control gills only but not from the infected gill and whole-body tissues. Modified conventional CTAB (conventional hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide) method was then used as an alternative method to isolate RNA from gill and whole-body tissues of Vibrio-infected E. fuscoguttatus. Modified CTAB method produced intact RNA on gel electrophoresis with higher RIN number (>6.5) for infected gill and whole-body tissues, suggesting that this method could also be used to isolate high quality RNA from fish samples. Therefore, this method is potentially suitable to be used to extract RNA from other fish species especially those that have been infected.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)201-209
Number of pages9
JournalTropical Life Sciences Research
Volume30
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Epinephelus fuscoguttatus
Vibrio vulnificus
RNA
gills
methodology
Vibrio
bromides
Tissue
Gene expression
Fish
Fishes
DNA Contamination
RNA Sequence Analysis
Gene Expression
vibriosis
gene expression
nucleases
enzyme inhibitors
Phenols
isolation techniques

Keywords

  • CTAB
  • Gill
  • RNA Extraction
  • TransZolTM Up
  • Whole-Body Tissues

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

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title = "Alternative rna extraction method in vibrio vulnificus infected brown-marbled grouper, epinephelus fuscoguttatus",
abstract = "Vibriosis is a prevalent aquatic disease caused by Vibrio species and has led to massive loss of brown-marbled grouper, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus. The complexity of molecular mechanisms associated with immune defence can be studied through transcriptomics analysis. High quality and quantity of total RNAs are crucial for the veracity of RNA sequencing and gene expression analysis. A low quality RNA will compromise downstream analysis, resulting in loss of time and revenue to re-acquire the data again. Thus, a reliable and an efficient RNA isolation method is the first and most important step to obtain high quality RNA for gene expression studies. There are many aspects need to be considered when deciding an extraction method, such as the cost-effectiveness of the protocol, the duration of chemical exposure, the duration required for a complete extraction and the number of sample-transferring. A good RNA extraction protocol must be able to produce high yield and purity of RNA free from enzyme inhibitors, such as nucleases (RNase), phenols, alcohols or other chemicals carryover, apart from protein and genomic DNA contamination, to maintain isolated RNA integrity in storage condition. In this study, TransZolTM Up produced clean and pure RNA samples from control gills only but not from the infected gill and whole-body tissues. Modified conventional CTAB (conventional hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide) method was then used as an alternative method to isolate RNA from gill and whole-body tissues of Vibrio-infected E. fuscoguttatus. Modified CTAB method produced intact RNA on gel electrophoresis with higher RIN number (>6.5) for infected gill and whole-body tissues, suggesting that this method could also be used to isolate high quality RNA from fish samples. Therefore, this method is potentially suitable to be used to extract RNA from other fish species especially those that have been infected.",
keywords = "CTAB, Gill, RNA Extraction, TransZolTM Up, Whole-Body Tissues",
author = "Jazamuddin, {Fahmeeda Mohamad} and {Wan Kamaruddin}, {Wan Mohd Aizat} and Goh, {Hoe Han} and {Chen Fei}, Low and Baharum, {Syarul Nataqain}",
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AU - Jazamuddin, Fahmeeda Mohamad

AU - Wan Kamaruddin, Wan Mohd Aizat

AU - Goh, Hoe Han

AU - Chen Fei, Low

AU - Baharum, Syarul Nataqain

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AB - Vibriosis is a prevalent aquatic disease caused by Vibrio species and has led to massive loss of brown-marbled grouper, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus. The complexity of molecular mechanisms associated with immune defence can be studied through transcriptomics analysis. High quality and quantity of total RNAs are crucial for the veracity of RNA sequencing and gene expression analysis. A low quality RNA will compromise downstream analysis, resulting in loss of time and revenue to re-acquire the data again. Thus, a reliable and an efficient RNA isolation method is the first and most important step to obtain high quality RNA for gene expression studies. There are many aspects need to be considered when deciding an extraction method, such as the cost-effectiveness of the protocol, the duration of chemical exposure, the duration required for a complete extraction and the number of sample-transferring. A good RNA extraction protocol must be able to produce high yield and purity of RNA free from enzyme inhibitors, such as nucleases (RNase), phenols, alcohols or other chemicals carryover, apart from protein and genomic DNA contamination, to maintain isolated RNA integrity in storage condition. In this study, TransZolTM Up produced clean and pure RNA samples from control gills only but not from the infected gill and whole-body tissues. Modified conventional CTAB (conventional hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide) method was then used as an alternative method to isolate RNA from gill and whole-body tissues of Vibrio-infected E. fuscoguttatus. Modified CTAB method produced intact RNA on gel electrophoresis with higher RIN number (>6.5) for infected gill and whole-body tissues, suggesting that this method could also be used to isolate high quality RNA from fish samples. Therefore, this method is potentially suitable to be used to extract RNA from other fish species especially those that have been infected.

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