Allotrope carbon materials in thermal interface materials and fuel cell applications: A review

Raihana Bahru, Norazuwana Shaari, Mohd Ambri Mohamed

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Abstract

The performance of allotrope carbon materials has been explored because of their superior properties in energy system applications. This review provides an understanding of the current work focusing on the applications of selected carbon materials in important energy systems, focus on thermal interface materials (TIMs), and fuel cell applications. This article begins with the introduction of TIMs and fuel cell in general working principle and presents details on carbon materials. The discussion focuses on updates from the latest research work and addresses current challenges and opportunities for research toward TIMs and fuel cell applications. The optimum performance of TIMs was seen when thermal conductivity achieved at a maximum of 3000 W (m K)−1 by using vertically aligned carbon nanotubes (CNTs) and a minimum internal thermal resistance of 0.3 mm2 K W−1. Meanwhile for fuel cell, the platinum/CNTs catalyst applied proton exchange membrane fuel cell achieved high power density of 661 mW cm−2 in the presence of Nafion electrolyte membrane. This review provides insights for scientists about the use of carbon materials, especially in energy system applications.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Energy Research
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jan 2019

Fingerprint

Fuel cells
Carbon
Carbon nanotubes
Hot Temperature
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
Heat resistance
Platinum
Thermal conductivity
Electrolytes
Membranes
Catalysts

Keywords

  • energy materials
  • energy storage
  • fuel cells
  • system integration
  • thermal interface materials

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Nuclear Energy and Engineering
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

Allotrope carbon materials in thermal interface materials and fuel cell applications : A review. / Bahru, Raihana; Shaari, Norazuwana; Mohamed, Mohd Ambri.

In: International Journal of Energy Research, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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