Allelopathic potential of crops on germination and growth of goosegrass (Eleusine indica L. gaertn) weed

T. S. Chuah, S. M. Tiun, Ismail Sahid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study was done to examine the allelopathic effects of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.), rice (Oryza sativa L.) and okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) extracts on germination and growth of goosegrass weed in laboratory bioassay, and effects of crop residues on seedlings growth of goosegrass weed in greenhouse. The most phytotoxic extract was chilli leaves, followed by chilli stem, which completely inhibited the germination of goosegrass at 20 and 30 g L -1, respectively. The chilli leaf and stem extracts at 40 g L -1 inhibited the seedling growth of goosegrass by 45 and 62 %, respectively. The okra pod residues at 1.0 t ha -1 reduced the fresh weight of goosegrass seedling by 77 % in sterilized soil. Thus extracts of chilli and residues of okra exhibit potent herbicidal activity on germination and seedling growth of goosegrass weed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)33-42
Number of pages10
JournalAllelopathy Journal
Volume27
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2011

Fingerprint

Eleusine indica
okra
weeds
germination
seedling growth
extracts
crops
Abelmoschus esculentus
stems
Capsicum annuum
crop residues
pods
leaves
Oryza sativa
bioassays
greenhouses
rice
seedlings
soil

Keywords

  • Abelmoschus esculentus
  • Capsicum annuum
  • Chilli
  • Crop residues
  • Eleusine indica extracts
  • Goosegrass
  • Herbicidal activity
  • Okra
  • Oryza sativa
  • Phytotoxicity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Plant Science

Cite this

Allelopathic potential of crops on germination and growth of goosegrass (Eleusine indica L. gaertn) weed. / Chuah, T. S.; Tiun, S. M.; Sahid, Ismail.

In: Allelopathy Journal, Vol. 27, No. 1, 2011, p. 33-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{377e76023b4f4b199fc666e851fdc45b,
title = "Allelopathic potential of crops on germination and growth of goosegrass (Eleusine indica L. gaertn) weed",
abstract = "This study was done to examine the allelopathic effects of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.), rice (Oryza sativa L.) and okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) extracts on germination and growth of goosegrass weed in laboratory bioassay, and effects of crop residues on seedlings growth of goosegrass weed in greenhouse. The most phytotoxic extract was chilli leaves, followed by chilli stem, which completely inhibited the germination of goosegrass at 20 and 30 g L -1, respectively. The chilli leaf and stem extracts at 40 g L -1 inhibited the seedling growth of goosegrass by 45 and 62 {\%}, respectively. The okra pod residues at 1.0 t ha -1 reduced the fresh weight of goosegrass seedling by 77 {\%} in sterilized soil. Thus extracts of chilli and residues of okra exhibit potent herbicidal activity on germination and seedling growth of goosegrass weed.",
keywords = "Abelmoschus esculentus, Capsicum annuum, Chilli, Crop residues, Eleusine indica extracts, Goosegrass, Herbicidal activity, Okra, Oryza sativa, Phytotoxicity",
author = "Chuah, {T. S.} and Tiun, {S. M.} and Ismail Sahid",
year = "2011",
language = "English",
volume = "27",
pages = "33--42",
journal = "Allelopathy Journal",
issn = "0971-4693",
publisher = "International Allelopathy Foundation",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Allelopathic potential of crops on germination and growth of goosegrass (Eleusine indica L. gaertn) weed

AU - Chuah, T. S.

AU - Tiun, S. M.

AU - Sahid, Ismail

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - This study was done to examine the allelopathic effects of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.), rice (Oryza sativa L.) and okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) extracts on germination and growth of goosegrass weed in laboratory bioassay, and effects of crop residues on seedlings growth of goosegrass weed in greenhouse. The most phytotoxic extract was chilli leaves, followed by chilli stem, which completely inhibited the germination of goosegrass at 20 and 30 g L -1, respectively. The chilli leaf and stem extracts at 40 g L -1 inhibited the seedling growth of goosegrass by 45 and 62 %, respectively. The okra pod residues at 1.0 t ha -1 reduced the fresh weight of goosegrass seedling by 77 % in sterilized soil. Thus extracts of chilli and residues of okra exhibit potent herbicidal activity on germination and seedling growth of goosegrass weed.

AB - This study was done to examine the allelopathic effects of chilli (Capsicum annuum L.), rice (Oryza sativa L.) and okra (Abelmoschus esculentus L.) extracts on germination and growth of goosegrass weed in laboratory bioassay, and effects of crop residues on seedlings growth of goosegrass weed in greenhouse. The most phytotoxic extract was chilli leaves, followed by chilli stem, which completely inhibited the germination of goosegrass at 20 and 30 g L -1, respectively. The chilli leaf and stem extracts at 40 g L -1 inhibited the seedling growth of goosegrass by 45 and 62 %, respectively. The okra pod residues at 1.0 t ha -1 reduced the fresh weight of goosegrass seedling by 77 % in sterilized soil. Thus extracts of chilli and residues of okra exhibit potent herbicidal activity on germination and seedling growth of goosegrass weed.

KW - Abelmoschus esculentus

KW - Capsicum annuum

KW - Chilli

KW - Crop residues

KW - Eleusine indica extracts

KW - Goosegrass

KW - Herbicidal activity

KW - Okra

KW - Oryza sativa

KW - Phytotoxicity

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=80052830490&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=80052830490&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 27

SP - 33

EP - 42

JO - Allelopathy Journal

JF - Allelopathy Journal

SN - 0971-4693

IS - 1

ER -