Alkaline fractionation and enzymatic saccharification of wheat dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS)

Nurul Aqilah Binti Mohd Zaini, Afroditi Chatzifragkou, Dimitris Charalampopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The complete utilisation of Dried Distillers Grains with Solubles (DDGS) requires effective pretreatment strategies aiming to increase the enzymatic digestibility of cellulose and improve its conversion to fermentable sugars. To this end, the effect of different NaOH concentrations (0–5%, w/v) and temperature (30–121 °C) on the fractionation of DDGS to its main components (cellulose, hemicellulose, proteins) was evaluated. As the NaOH concentration and temperature increased, the total sugar content of the pretreated DDGS solids progressively increased to a maximum of ∼88%. At 121 °C and 5% NaOH, the DDGS solid residue consisted primarily of glucose (∼53%), a 5-fold increase compared to the original DDGS, reflecting the presence of cellulose, and to a lesser extent by xylose (∼25%) and arabinose (∼10%) reflecting the presence of hemicellulose. Approximately 83% of the initial hemicellulose and 79% of the protein contents were removed into the liquid fraction during alkaline pretreatment. The enzymatic digestibility of the pretreated DDGS solids by the Accellerase® 1500 cellulase enzyme was significantly improved, resulting in a 3.6 fold increase in glucose yield compared to untreated DDGS. Mass balance analysis demonstrated that the proposed process scheme recovers the majority of the key DDGS components (cellulose, hemicellulose, proteins) in an efficient manner with relatively low losses, and provides a viable approach for the valorisation of DDGS.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-113
Number of pages11
JournalFood and Bioproducts Processing
Volume118
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2019

Fingerprint

Saccharification
saccharification
distillers grains
Fractionation
Cellulose
Triticum
fractionation
wheat
hemicellulose
cellulose
Glucose
Arabinose
Proteins
Temperature
Cellulase
Xylose
enzymatic hydrolysis
Sugars
pretreatment
glucose

Keywords

  • Alkaline pretreatment
  • Cellulase
  • Cellulose
  • DDGS
  • Hemicellulose
  • Hydrolysis
  • Sugar Recovery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Biochemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Alkaline fractionation and enzymatic saccharification of wheat dried distillers grains with solubles (DDGS). / Zaini, Nurul Aqilah Binti Mohd; Chatzifragkou, Afroditi; Charalampopoulos, Dimitris.

In: Food and Bioproducts Processing, Vol. 118, 11.2019, p. 103-113.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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