Algicidal activity of Aeromonas hydrophila sdPS-7 isolate against toxic marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum KB- 5

Shaima Abdul Fattah, Gires Usup, Asmat Ahmad

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: Several harmful dinoflagellate species are widely found in Malaysian marine waters. These microalgae are capable of producing a variety of toxins that can intoxicate humans through consumption of contaminated seafood. Therefore, the present work aimed to investigate the potential of a marine bacterium sdPS-7 isolate as a biological control agent against Alexandrium minutum KB-5. Methodology and results: The isolate sdPS-7 was obtained from marine sediments in Malaysia and examined for its algicidal activity toward the toxic dinoflagellate A. minutum KB-5 in laboratory culture. Based on morphological and molecular characterization, this isolate was identified as Aeromonas hydrophila sdPS-7. Alexandrium minutum KB-5 cultures were exposed to cell free bacteria culture filtrate and the effect on dinoflagelate growth was evaluated based on direct cell counts in the treated samples compared to non-treated control cultures. The bacterial filtrate was treated at different temperatures, salinities and exposed to repeated freezing and thawing five times to study its algicidal activity stability thereafter. The results showed a potent inhibition of the growth of A. minutum KB-5. The strongest effect was observed when the bacterium culture filtrate was mixed with A. minutum KB-5 cultures that were in lag phase, resulting in 99% or higher mortality. The cell-free filtrate proved to be heat- stable when exposed to temperatures of 2 °C to 100 °C for one hour each. There was also no substantial salinity as well as (freezing - thawing) effect on the filtrate algicidal activity. Conclusion, significance and impact of study: This study illustrated the potential use of the marine bacterial Aeromonas hydrophila sdPS-7 filtrates in controlling the growth of the toxic dinoflagellate A. minutum KB-5.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-29
Number of pages6
JournalMalaysian Journal of Microbiology
Volume12
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Fingerprint

Aeromonas hydrophila
Dinoflagellida
Poisons
Salinity
Bacteria
Freezing
Growth
Biological Control Agents
Geologic Sediments
Microalgae
Seafood
Temperature
Malaysia
Cell Count
Hot Temperature
Mortality
Water

Keywords

  • Aeromonas hydrophila
  • Alexandrium minutum
  • Algicidal
  • Marine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Infectious Diseases
  • Microbiology (medical)

Cite this

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title = "Algicidal activity of Aeromonas hydrophila sdPS-7 isolate against toxic marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum KB- 5",
abstract = "Aims: Several harmful dinoflagellate species are widely found in Malaysian marine waters. These microalgae are capable of producing a variety of toxins that can intoxicate humans through consumption of contaminated seafood. Therefore, the present work aimed to investigate the potential of a marine bacterium sdPS-7 isolate as a biological control agent against Alexandrium minutum KB-5. Methodology and results: The isolate sdPS-7 was obtained from marine sediments in Malaysia and examined for its algicidal activity toward the toxic dinoflagellate A. minutum KB-5 in laboratory culture. Based on morphological and molecular characterization, this isolate was identified as Aeromonas hydrophila sdPS-7. Alexandrium minutum KB-5 cultures were exposed to cell free bacteria culture filtrate and the effect on dinoflagelate growth was evaluated based on direct cell counts in the treated samples compared to non-treated control cultures. The bacterial filtrate was treated at different temperatures, salinities and exposed to repeated freezing and thawing five times to study its algicidal activity stability thereafter. The results showed a potent inhibition of the growth of A. minutum KB-5. The strongest effect was observed when the bacterium culture filtrate was mixed with A. minutum KB-5 cultures that were in lag phase, resulting in 99{\%} or higher mortality. The cell-free filtrate proved to be heat- stable when exposed to temperatures of 2 °C to 100 °C for one hour each. There was also no substantial salinity as well as (freezing - thawing) effect on the filtrate algicidal activity. Conclusion, significance and impact of study: This study illustrated the potential use of the marine bacterial Aeromonas hydrophila sdPS-7 filtrates in controlling the growth of the toxic dinoflagellate A. minutum KB-5.",
keywords = "Aeromonas hydrophila, Alexandrium minutum, Algicidal, Marine",
author = "Fattah, {Shaima Abdul} and Gires Usup and Asmat Ahmad",
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T1 - Algicidal activity of Aeromonas hydrophila sdPS-7 isolate against toxic marine dinoflagellate Alexandrium minutum KB- 5

AU - Fattah, Shaima Abdul

AU - Usup, Gires

AU - Ahmad, Asmat

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Aims: Several harmful dinoflagellate species are widely found in Malaysian marine waters. These microalgae are capable of producing a variety of toxins that can intoxicate humans through consumption of contaminated seafood. Therefore, the present work aimed to investigate the potential of a marine bacterium sdPS-7 isolate as a biological control agent against Alexandrium minutum KB-5. Methodology and results: The isolate sdPS-7 was obtained from marine sediments in Malaysia and examined for its algicidal activity toward the toxic dinoflagellate A. minutum KB-5 in laboratory culture. Based on morphological and molecular characterization, this isolate was identified as Aeromonas hydrophila sdPS-7. Alexandrium minutum KB-5 cultures were exposed to cell free bacteria culture filtrate and the effect on dinoflagelate growth was evaluated based on direct cell counts in the treated samples compared to non-treated control cultures. The bacterial filtrate was treated at different temperatures, salinities and exposed to repeated freezing and thawing five times to study its algicidal activity stability thereafter. The results showed a potent inhibition of the growth of A. minutum KB-5. The strongest effect was observed when the bacterium culture filtrate was mixed with A. minutum KB-5 cultures that were in lag phase, resulting in 99% or higher mortality. The cell-free filtrate proved to be heat- stable when exposed to temperatures of 2 °C to 100 °C for one hour each. There was also no substantial salinity as well as (freezing - thawing) effect on the filtrate algicidal activity. Conclusion, significance and impact of study: This study illustrated the potential use of the marine bacterial Aeromonas hydrophila sdPS-7 filtrates in controlling the growth of the toxic dinoflagellate A. minutum KB-5.

AB - Aims: Several harmful dinoflagellate species are widely found in Malaysian marine waters. These microalgae are capable of producing a variety of toxins that can intoxicate humans through consumption of contaminated seafood. Therefore, the present work aimed to investigate the potential of a marine bacterium sdPS-7 isolate as a biological control agent against Alexandrium minutum KB-5. Methodology and results: The isolate sdPS-7 was obtained from marine sediments in Malaysia and examined for its algicidal activity toward the toxic dinoflagellate A. minutum KB-5 in laboratory culture. Based on morphological and molecular characterization, this isolate was identified as Aeromonas hydrophila sdPS-7. Alexandrium minutum KB-5 cultures were exposed to cell free bacteria culture filtrate and the effect on dinoflagelate growth was evaluated based on direct cell counts in the treated samples compared to non-treated control cultures. The bacterial filtrate was treated at different temperatures, salinities and exposed to repeated freezing and thawing five times to study its algicidal activity stability thereafter. The results showed a potent inhibition of the growth of A. minutum KB-5. The strongest effect was observed when the bacterium culture filtrate was mixed with A. minutum KB-5 cultures that were in lag phase, resulting in 99% or higher mortality. The cell-free filtrate proved to be heat- stable when exposed to temperatures of 2 °C to 100 °C for one hour each. There was also no substantial salinity as well as (freezing - thawing) effect on the filtrate algicidal activity. Conclusion, significance and impact of study: This study illustrated the potential use of the marine bacterial Aeromonas hydrophila sdPS-7 filtrates in controlling the growth of the toxic dinoflagellate A. minutum KB-5.

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