Algae and their growth requirements for bioenergy: a review

Sharifah Najiha Badar, Masita Mohammad, Zeynab Emdadi, Zahira Yaakob

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Algal-derived bioenergy is one of the best alternative energy sources to replace fossil-based fuels. Algae are a diverse collection of oxygen-releasing photosynthetic organisms with rapid growth capacity that utilise commonly available materials for growth. Biological CO2 mitigation using microalgae is an environmentally friendly and economical method. Besides this, algae are able to live in extreme environments containing high amounts of heavy metals, making this a useful way to treat wastewater. The biomass produced from algae also can be used as a source of energy, chemicals and food. However, to ensure that the optimum blooming capacity is reached for the production of high-yield biomass for bioenergy resources, growth factors such as absorbed CO2, nutrient availability, light energy, temperature, pH and agitation should be studied comprehensively. This article provides a selective overview of the past and present studies of algal growth and the factors that affect the production of algal biomass.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalBiofuels
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 1 Jun 2018

Fingerprint

bioenergy
Algae
Biomass
alga
biomass
Nutrients
Heavy metals
alternative energy
Wastewater
nutrient availability
Availability
energy
Oxygen
mitigation
heavy metal
fossil
wastewater
oxygen
food
resource

Keywords

  • Algae
  • bioenergy
  • biofuel
  • biomass
  • phycoremediation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Waste Management and Disposal

Cite this

Algae and their growth requirements for bioenergy : a review. / Najiha Badar, Sharifah; Mohammad, Masita; Emdadi, Zeynab; Yaakob, Zahira.

In: Biofuels, 01.06.2018, p. 1-19.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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