Alerters in Malay and english speech act of request: A contrastive pragmatics analysis

Marlyna Maros, Nurul Syafawani Halim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This study focuses on the speech act of requests, specifically on the alerters. An 'alerter' refers to the discourse feature used in initiating a conversation or the getting attention of the hearer. Request as a speech act is much investigated for its Head Acts and Supportive Moves, however, alerter as one of its initial discourse features has not been much looked into. In the context of contrastive pragmatics study on the Malay language in Malaysia, the study of alerters in request has yet to be explored. Hence, the aim of this study is as follows: 1 - to classify the Malay categories of alerters by Malaysian Malay speakers, and 2 - to compare them with alerters in the English language. The participants consist of 400 native speakers' of Malays from a central city and a rural area, aged between 12 to 56 years old, and varied in social backgrounds. The data was collected via Discourse Completion Task within a span of 3 months, and also coded and analysed using the framework of Cross Cultural Speech Act Realization Project (CCSARP) by Blum-Kulka & Olshtain (1984). The findings revealed 10 categories of alerters by Malay speakers. The findings also indicated similarities and differences in the categories of Malay alerters and English alerters which could be the result of intercultural fusion in the sociopragmatis of doing requests within English, and the languages in Malaysia with the Malay language.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-83
Number of pages15
Journal3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

speech act
pragmatics
Malaysia
discourse
language
social background
English language
rural area
conversation
act
Pragmatic Analysis
Contrastive Pragmatics
Speech Acts
Language
Discourse

Keywords

  • Alerters
  • Contrastive pragmatics
  • English requests
  • Malay requests
  • Sociopragmatics competence

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Literature and Literary Theory

Cite this

Alerters in Malay and english speech act of request : A contrastive pragmatics analysis. / Maros, Marlyna; Halim, Nurul Syafawani.

In: 3L: Language, Linguistics, Literature, Vol. 24, No. 1, 01.01.2018, p. 69-83.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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