Akbar (1556-1605) and India unification under the mughals

Ezad Azraai Jamsari, Mohamad Zulfazdlee Abul Hassan Ashari, Mohd Roslan Mohd Nor, Adibah Sulaiman, Safiai Mohd Hafiz, Ibnor Azli Ibrahim, Md. Yazid Ahmad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Akbar the Great (1556-1605) was a well-known Mughal (or Moghul) ruler and regarded as a great ruler due to his achievements in the military, politics, development and administration. In fact, he was regarded as the definitive founder of the Mughal Empire after his victory over an army led by Hemuin the Second Battle of Panipat in 1556. The victory has opened a way for Akbar to become the sole emperor in the Indian sub-continent and continued to wage wars against Hindu rajahs. To unify the vast Indian states under a single Mughal empire, Akbar introduced several administrative policies. The objective of this study is to analyze the Indian unification efforts under the Mughal Empire. This study is a a historical study employing a qualitative approach methodology as a means of gathering and analyzing of data. The gathering of data was done through search of documents while the historical review, content analysis and source interpretation were used to analyze the data. This study found that Akbar has implemented several policies to unify the whole of the Indian subcontinent in order to achieve his mission of ‘Mughal Union’. However, some of his policies were controversial and drew ire from the Indian Muslims as the policies were deemed unacceptable and deviated from the true teachings of Islam. The opposition to his ideas did not however hinder him from achieving his political missions. This article, therefore, must be read as an exposition of a political figure’s efforts in his maneuver to consolidate his position. In addition to that, this article serves as an effort to analyze Akbar’s political approach which was deemed as attempts to proliferate Mughal political power through measures which ‘subdued’ Islam with the aim of creating unity of the people and hence creating ‘Mughal Union’.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)768-781
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology
Volume8
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2017

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Keywords

  • Akbar
  • Din-i-ilahi
  • India
  • Islamic civilization
  • Military history
  • The mughals
  • Urdu language

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Metals and Alloys

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Akbar (1556-1605) and India unification under the mughals. / Jamsari, Ezad Azraai; Hassan Ashari, Mohamad Zulfazdlee Abul; Nor, Mohd Roslan Mohd; Sulaiman, Adibah; Mohd Hafiz, Safiai; Ibrahim, Ibnor Azli; Ahmad, Md. Yazid.

In: International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology, Vol. 8, No. 12, 01.12.2017, p. 768-781.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Jamsari, Ezad Azraai ; Hassan Ashari, Mohamad Zulfazdlee Abul ; Nor, Mohd Roslan Mohd ; Sulaiman, Adibah ; Mohd Hafiz, Safiai ; Ibrahim, Ibnor Azli ; Ahmad, Md. Yazid. / Akbar (1556-1605) and India unification under the mughals. In: International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology. 2017 ; Vol. 8, No. 12. pp. 768-781.
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