Air quality-related human health in an urban region. Case study: State of Selangor, Malaysia

Nurul Ashikin Mabahwi, Oliver Ling Hoon Leh, Siti Nur Afiqah Mohamed Musthafa, Kadaruddin Aiyub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The urban region with high traffic volume and high density developments contributed to the decreasing of air quality. Air pollution is a major environmental risk to health and exposure to ambient air pollution has been associated with a series of adverse health effects including respiratory system. Previous scholars found a significant link between respiratory disease and air pollution. However, due to the limited study in the regional context, this study is needed to find the relationship between air quality and human health in the regional context, especially in Malaysia. As proven that distribution of air pollutants are influenced by the effects of wind and geographical factors (Sham, 1998). Therefore, air quality study should not focus on urban boundary only. The Air Pollution Index (API) data was obtained through a secondary source. For the health indication with the focuses on respiratory infections, a house to house questionnaire survey had been carried out. The self-reported health data (through questionnaire survey) was correlated to the air quality data (API). The research found that Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) incidence was not clearly related to the air quality. However, the significant relationship between exposure to air pollution and respiratory health (ARI incidence) was established for 2 out of 5 study areas in Selangor State. Besides, respondents’ perception of ‘sense of clean air’ was significantly correlated to ARI cases. It showed a relationship between air pollution exposure and environmental perception with respiratory health.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-216
Number of pages23
JournalEnvironmentAsia
Volume11
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Fingerprint

Urban Health
urban region
Malaysia
Air Pollution
Air pollution
Air quality
air quality
atmospheric pollution
Air
Health
respiratory disease
Respiratory Tract Infections
questionnaire survey
Respiratory system
pollution exposure
Air Pollutants
Pulmonary diseases
Incidence
Environmental Exposure
human health

Keywords

  • Air quality
  • Air-related health
  • Environmental health
  • Respiratory
  • Urban region

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Toxicology
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

Air quality-related human health in an urban region. Case study : State of Selangor, Malaysia. / Mabahwi, Nurul Ashikin; Leh, Oliver Ling Hoon; Musthafa, Siti Nur Afiqah Mohamed; Aiyub, Kadaruddin.

In: EnvironmentAsia, Vol. 11, No. 1, 01.01.2018, p. 194-216.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mabahwi, Nurul Ashikin ; Leh, Oliver Ling Hoon ; Musthafa, Siti Nur Afiqah Mohamed ; Aiyub, Kadaruddin. / Air quality-related human health in an urban region. Case study : State of Selangor, Malaysia. In: EnvironmentAsia. 2018 ; Vol. 11, No. 1. pp. 194-216.
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