Aggregation and stability of iron oxide and alumina nanoparticles: Influences of pH and humic acid concentration

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

The scenario of released nanoparticles from consumer products into the environment especially natural waters has become a great concern nowadays. Assessing their aggregation and stability under environmental conditions is important in determining their fate and behavior in natural waters. The aggregation behavior of selected nanoparticles (iron oxide and alumina) was investigated at variable concentrations of humic acid (5, 10, 50 mg/L), and pH variation in solution. Dynamic light scattering was used to measure their z-average hydrodynamic diameter and zeta potential. Derjaguin-Landau-Verwey-Overbeak (DLVO) theory was used to explain the thermodynamic interactions between two particles. Then, the stability was evaluated by assessing their aggregation. The increasing of humic acid concentrations enhanced aggregation of iron oxide and alumina nanoparticles, particularly at low pH levels. The maximum aggregation was found in pH below the point of zero charge (PZC) due to electrostatic destabilization and electrostatic stabilization that took place at pH above the point of zero charge. Meanwhile, at pH point of zero charge, nanoparticles were coated with negative humic acid charged. From this study, properties of nanoparticles (size, surface charge, Hamaker constant) and environmental condition (humic acid concentration, pH) have their specific roles to control the fate and behavior of nanoparticles in environmental media.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-442
Number of pages8
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume48
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2019

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Humic Substances
Aluminum Oxide
Agglomeration
Nanoparticles
Electrostatics
Consumer products
Water
Dynamic light scattering
Zeta potential
Surface charge
ferric oxide
Hydrodynamics
Stabilization
Thermodynamics

Keywords

  • Aggregation
  • DLVO
  • Nanoparticles
  • Stability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

Aggregation and stability of iron oxide and alumina nanoparticles : Influences of pH and humic acid concentration. / Ahmad, Nur Suraya; Radiman, Shahidan; Wan Yaacob, Wan Zuhairi.

In: Sains Malaysiana, Vol. 48, No. 2, 01.02.2019, p. 435-442.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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