Advances in cellulose nanomaterials

Hanieh Kargarzadeh, Marcos Mariano, Deepu Gopakumar, Ishak Ahmad, Sabu Thomas, Alain Dufresne, Jin Huang, Ning Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

55 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Research on nanocellulose has significantly increased over the past few decades, owing to the various attractive characteristics of this material, such as renewability, widespread availability, low density, excellent mechanical properties, economic value, biocompatibility, and biodegradability. Nanocellulose categorized into two main types, namely cellulose nanofibrils (CNFs) and cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs). In this review, we present the recent advances made in the production of CNFs and CNCs. In addition to the conventional mechanical and chemical treatments used to prepare CNFs and CNCs, respectively, other promising techniques as well as pretreatment processes have been also proposed in recent times, in an effort to design an economically efficient and eco-friendly production route for nanocellulose. Further, while the hydrophilic nature of nanocellulose limits its use in polymeric matrices and in some industrial applications, the large number of hydroxyl groups on the surface of nanocellulose provides a suitable platform for various kinds of modification treatments. The various chemical and physical surface treatment procedures reported for nanocellulose have been reviewed in this paper. Finally, in this review, we summarize the life cycle assessment studies conducted so far on nanocellulose, which quantify the environmental impact of nanocellulose products. The current paper is a comprehensive review of the recent literature on nanostructured cellulose.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-39
Number of pages39
JournalCellulose
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 27 Feb 2018

Fingerprint

Nanostructured materials
Cellulose
Nanocrystals
Biodegradability
Biocompatibility
Hydroxyl Radical
Industrial applications
Environmental impact
Surface treatment
Life cycle
Availability
Mechanical properties
Economics

Keywords

  • Cellulose nanocrystal
  • Cellulose nanofibril
  • Life cycle assessment
  • Production technique
  • Surface modification

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Kargarzadeh, H., Mariano, M., Gopakumar, D., Ahmad, I., Thomas, S., Dufresne, A., ... Lin, N. (Accepted/In press). Advances in cellulose nanomaterials. Cellulose, 1-39. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-018-1723-5

Advances in cellulose nanomaterials. / Kargarzadeh, Hanieh; Mariano, Marcos; Gopakumar, Deepu; Ahmad, Ishak; Thomas, Sabu; Dufresne, Alain; Huang, Jin; Lin, Ning.

In: Cellulose, 27.02.2018, p. 1-39.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kargarzadeh, H, Mariano, M, Gopakumar, D, Ahmad, I, Thomas, S, Dufresne, A, Huang, J & Lin, N 2018, 'Advances in cellulose nanomaterials', Cellulose, pp. 1-39. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-018-1723-5
Kargarzadeh H, Mariano M, Gopakumar D, Ahmad I, Thomas S, Dufresne A et al. Advances in cellulose nanomaterials. Cellulose. 2018 Feb 27;1-39. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10570-018-1723-5
Kargarzadeh, Hanieh ; Mariano, Marcos ; Gopakumar, Deepu ; Ahmad, Ishak ; Thomas, Sabu ; Dufresne, Alain ; Huang, Jin ; Lin, Ning. / Advances in cellulose nanomaterials. In: Cellulose. 2018 ; pp. 1-39.
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