Adolescent pregnancy outcomes and risk factors in Malaysia

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To assess the outcomes and risk factors of adolescent pregnancies in 2 major hospitals in Malaysia. Methods: We conducted a case-control study of pregnant girls aged 10 through 19 years. The controls were women aged 20 through 35 years who did not become pregnant in their adolescence. Cases and controls were matched for parity and place of delivery. Data were collected from questionnaires and the hospitals' medical records. Results: The study included 102 cases and 102 controls. There were significant associations between adolescent pregnancy and low education level, low socioeconomic status, being raised by a single parent, not engaging in extracurricular school activities, engaging in unsupervised activities with peers after school, and substance abuse (P < 0.05 for all); being anemic, being unsure of the expected delivery date, and having few antenatal visits and a late delivery booking; and low Apgar scores and perinatal complications. Conclusion: Adolescent pregnancies are high-risk pregnancies. Better sexual health strategies are required to address the associated complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)220-223
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics
Volume111
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

Fingerprint

Pregnancy in Adolescence
Malaysia
Pregnancy Outcome
Single Parent
High-Risk Pregnancy
Apgar Score
Hospital Records
Reproductive Health
Substance P
Parity
Social Class
Substance-Related Disorders
Medical Records
Case-Control Studies
Education

Keywords

  • Adolescent pregnancy
  • Antenatal care
  • Psychosocial
  • Risk factors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Cite this

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title = "Adolescent pregnancy outcomes and risk factors in Malaysia",
abstract = "Objective: To assess the outcomes and risk factors of adolescent pregnancies in 2 major hospitals in Malaysia. Methods: We conducted a case-control study of pregnant girls aged 10 through 19 years. The controls were women aged 20 through 35 years who did not become pregnant in their adolescence. Cases and controls were matched for parity and place of delivery. Data were collected from questionnaires and the hospitals' medical records. Results: The study included 102 cases and 102 controls. There were significant associations between adolescent pregnancy and low education level, low socioeconomic status, being raised by a single parent, not engaging in extracurricular school activities, engaging in unsupervised activities with peers after school, and substance abuse (P < 0.05 for all); being anemic, being unsure of the expected delivery date, and having few antenatal visits and a late delivery booking; and low Apgar scores and perinatal complications. Conclusion: Adolescent pregnancies are high-risk pregnancies. Better sexual health strategies are required to address the associated complications.",
keywords = "Adolescent pregnancy, Antenatal care, Psychosocial, Risk factors",
author = "Khairani Omar and Suriati Hasim and Muhammad, {Noor Azimah} and Aida Jaffar and {Mohd Hashim}, Syahnaz and {Siraj @ Ramli}, {Harlina Halizah}",
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AU - Omar, Khairani

AU - Hasim, Suriati

AU - Muhammad, Noor Azimah

AU - Jaffar, Aida

AU - Mohd Hashim, Syahnaz

AU - Siraj @ Ramli, Harlina Halizah

PY - 2010/12

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N2 - Objective: To assess the outcomes and risk factors of adolescent pregnancies in 2 major hospitals in Malaysia. Methods: We conducted a case-control study of pregnant girls aged 10 through 19 years. The controls were women aged 20 through 35 years who did not become pregnant in their adolescence. Cases and controls were matched for parity and place of delivery. Data were collected from questionnaires and the hospitals' medical records. Results: The study included 102 cases and 102 controls. There were significant associations between adolescent pregnancy and low education level, low socioeconomic status, being raised by a single parent, not engaging in extracurricular school activities, engaging in unsupervised activities with peers after school, and substance abuse (P < 0.05 for all); being anemic, being unsure of the expected delivery date, and having few antenatal visits and a late delivery booking; and low Apgar scores and perinatal complications. Conclusion: Adolescent pregnancies are high-risk pregnancies. Better sexual health strategies are required to address the associated complications.

AB - Objective: To assess the outcomes and risk factors of adolescent pregnancies in 2 major hospitals in Malaysia. Methods: We conducted a case-control study of pregnant girls aged 10 through 19 years. The controls were women aged 20 through 35 years who did not become pregnant in their adolescence. Cases and controls were matched for parity and place of delivery. Data were collected from questionnaires and the hospitals' medical records. Results: The study included 102 cases and 102 controls. There were significant associations between adolescent pregnancy and low education level, low socioeconomic status, being raised by a single parent, not engaging in extracurricular school activities, engaging in unsupervised activities with peers after school, and substance abuse (P < 0.05 for all); being anemic, being unsure of the expected delivery date, and having few antenatal visits and a late delivery booking; and low Apgar scores and perinatal complications. Conclusion: Adolescent pregnancies are high-risk pregnancies. Better sexual health strategies are required to address the associated complications.

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