Adhesion ability and cytotoxic evaluation of lactobacillus strains isolated from Malaysian fermented fish (pekasam) on Ht-29 and Ccd-18Co intestinal cells

Ida Muryany, Hiang Lian Hing, Ina-Salwany, Ahmad Rohi Ghazali, Mohd Zamri-Saad, Nor Fadilah Rajab

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Bacterial adhesion to host cells is the most important probiotic character. However, the adhesion of probiotic should not affect the viability of the host cells. In this study, Lactobacillus plantarum strain L8, Lactobacillus plantarum strain L20 and Lactobacillus pentosus strain S1 were tested for their cytotoxic effects through MTT assay and their ability to adhere and colonize on HT-29 and CCD-18Co intestinal cells as detected microscopically using light microscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). No cytotoxicity effects were observed on both intestinal cells following 24 h treatment with all Lactobacillus strains. Additionally, all strains demonstrated strong adhesive activity where more than 100 bacteria adhered to both intestinal cells although differences in the adhesion scores observed among different strains. The adhesion as observed via SEM showed an autoagreggative pattern and adhered as clusters on the surface of both intestinal cells. In conclusion, all three Lactobacillus strains are non-cytotoxic to both cells with strong adhesion ability on intestinal cells and this study also proved that Malaysian fermented fish are good source of probiotic bacteria.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2391-2399
Number of pages9
JournalSains Malaysiana
Volume47
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2018

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Lactobacillus
Fishes
Probiotics
Lactobacillus plantarum
Electron Scanning Microscopy
Bacterial Adhesion
Bacteria
Adhesives
Microscopy
Cell Survival
Light

Keywords

  • Adhesion
  • Lactobacillus
  • Probiotics
  • Scanning electron microscopy (SEM)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

Cite this

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abstract = "Bacterial adhesion to host cells is the most important probiotic character. However, the adhesion of probiotic should not affect the viability of the host cells. In this study, Lactobacillus plantarum strain L8, Lactobacillus plantarum strain L20 and Lactobacillus pentosus strain S1 were tested for their cytotoxic effects through MTT assay and their ability to adhere and colonize on HT-29 and CCD-18Co intestinal cells as detected microscopically using light microscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). No cytotoxicity effects were observed on both intestinal cells following 24 h treatment with all Lactobacillus strains. Additionally, all strains demonstrated strong adhesive activity where more than 100 bacteria adhered to both intestinal cells although differences in the adhesion scores observed among different strains. The adhesion as observed via SEM showed an autoagreggative pattern and adhered as clusters on the surface of both intestinal cells. In conclusion, all three Lactobacillus strains are non-cytotoxic to both cells with strong adhesion ability on intestinal cells and this study also proved that Malaysian fermented fish are good source of probiotic bacteria.",
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AU - Ina-Salwany,

AU - Ghazali, Ahmad Rohi

AU - Zamri-Saad, Mohd

AU - Rajab, Nor Fadilah

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N2 - Bacterial adhesion to host cells is the most important probiotic character. However, the adhesion of probiotic should not affect the viability of the host cells. In this study, Lactobacillus plantarum strain L8, Lactobacillus plantarum strain L20 and Lactobacillus pentosus strain S1 were tested for their cytotoxic effects through MTT assay and their ability to adhere and colonize on HT-29 and CCD-18Co intestinal cells as detected microscopically using light microscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). No cytotoxicity effects were observed on both intestinal cells following 24 h treatment with all Lactobacillus strains. Additionally, all strains demonstrated strong adhesive activity where more than 100 bacteria adhered to both intestinal cells although differences in the adhesion scores observed among different strains. The adhesion as observed via SEM showed an autoagreggative pattern and adhered as clusters on the surface of both intestinal cells. In conclusion, all three Lactobacillus strains are non-cytotoxic to both cells with strong adhesion ability on intestinal cells and this study also proved that Malaysian fermented fish are good source of probiotic bacteria.

AB - Bacterial adhesion to host cells is the most important probiotic character. However, the adhesion of probiotic should not affect the viability of the host cells. In this study, Lactobacillus plantarum strain L8, Lactobacillus plantarum strain L20 and Lactobacillus pentosus strain S1 were tested for their cytotoxic effects through MTT assay and their ability to adhere and colonize on HT-29 and CCD-18Co intestinal cells as detected microscopically using light microscopy and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM). No cytotoxicity effects were observed on both intestinal cells following 24 h treatment with all Lactobacillus strains. Additionally, all strains demonstrated strong adhesive activity where more than 100 bacteria adhered to both intestinal cells although differences in the adhesion scores observed among different strains. The adhesion as observed via SEM showed an autoagreggative pattern and adhered as clusters on the surface of both intestinal cells. In conclusion, all three Lactobacillus strains are non-cytotoxic to both cells with strong adhesion ability on intestinal cells and this study also proved that Malaysian fermented fish are good source of probiotic bacteria.

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