Adherence of Malaysian Adults' Energy and Macronutrient Intakes to National Recommendations: A Review and Meta-Analysis

Suzana Shahar, Hamid Jan Bin Jan Mohamed, Francisco de Los Reyes, Maria Sofia Amarra

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The present study examined the best available evidence regarding energy and macronutrient intake during adulthood (age 19 to 59 years) in Malaysia and assessed whether intakes adhere to national recommendations, in order to develop recommendations for dietary improvement based on population consumption patterns. A literature review and meta-analysis evaluated intake based on the following characteristics, using information from food balance sheets, national surveys, and individual studies: (1) levels of intake, (2) proportion of the population whose diets adhere to/exceed/fail to meet Malaysian Recommended Nutrient Intake (RNI) levels, and (3) sources of macronutrients observed in these studies. Food balance data suggested high levels of available energy, animal source protein, vegetable fat, and refined carbohydrates. Twenty studies (five nationwide, 15 individual) indicated that Malaysian adults generally met or exceeded recommendations for fat and protein, but were inconsistent with respect to energy and carbohydrates. Information on dietary sources was limited. Due to methodological limitations, insufficient evidence exists regarding energy and macronutrient intakes of Malaysian adults. Improved dietary assessment methods (including use of biomarkers), better data analysis, and updated food composition data, will provide more reliable information on which to base policy decisions and recommendations for improvement.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNutrients
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Oct 2018

Fingerprint

Energy Intake
meta-analysis
Meta-Analysis
Food
national surveys
energy
Fats
Carbohydrates
Vegetable Proteins
animal source protein
carbohydrates
balance sheet
plant fats
food composition
dietary recommendations
Malaysia
adulthood
nutrient intake
Population
biomarkers

Keywords

  • adults
  • chronic disease
  • diet
  • energy
  • macronutrients
  • Malaysia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

Cite this

Adherence of Malaysian Adults' Energy and Macronutrient Intakes to National Recommendations : A Review and Meta-Analysis. / Shahar, Suzana; Jan Bin Jan Mohamed, Hamid; de Los Reyes, Francisco; Amarra, Maria Sofia.

In: Nutrients, Vol. 10, No. 11, 28.10.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Shahar, Suzana ; Jan Bin Jan Mohamed, Hamid ; de Los Reyes, Francisco ; Amarra, Maria Sofia. / Adherence of Malaysian Adults' Energy and Macronutrient Intakes to National Recommendations : A Review and Meta-Analysis. In: Nutrients. 2018 ; Vol. 10, No. 11.
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