### Abstract

This paper presents a field operation experience for a grid connected PV system under tropical climate. The system is consisted of a 5 kWp photovoltaic (PV) array and a 6 kW DC/AC inverter. The operation performance data are recorded in order to develop accurate mathematical models for the system as well as to evaluate the productivity of the system. The experiment results show that, the average PV performance (the ratio of the theoretical performance to the actual performance) is 73.12% while the average inverter performance (the ratio of the theoretical inverter efficiency to the actual inverter efficiency) is 98.56%. Moreover, it is found that the daily yield factor of the PV system is 2.51 kW h/kWp day while, the capacity factor is 10.47%. However, it is concluded that the productivity of the system is below the prospected rate and thus, an inspection of the system must be done in order to diagnose the problem of the system's low productivity. This paper presents worthwhile information for those who are interested in PV system installation in Malaysia and nearby country.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 115-119 |

Number of pages | 5 |

Journal | Energy Conversion and Management |

Volume | 71 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 2013 |

### Fingerprint

### Keywords

- Grid connected PV system
- Malaysia
- Photovoltaic

### ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Fuel Technology
- Nuclear Energy and Engineering
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

### Cite this

**Actual performance and characteristic of a grid connected photovoltaic power system in the tropics : A short term evaluation.** / Khatib, Tamer; Sopian, Kamaruzzaman; Kazem, Hussein A.

Research output: Contribution to journal › Article

*Energy Conversion and Management*, vol. 71, pp. 115-119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2013.03.030

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Actual performance and characteristic of a grid connected photovoltaic power system in the tropics

T2 - A short term evaluation

AU - Khatib, Tamer

AU - Sopian, Kamaruzzaman

AU - Kazem, Hussein A.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - This paper presents a field operation experience for a grid connected PV system under tropical climate. The system is consisted of a 5 kWp photovoltaic (PV) array and a 6 kW DC/AC inverter. The operation performance data are recorded in order to develop accurate mathematical models for the system as well as to evaluate the productivity of the system. The experiment results show that, the average PV performance (the ratio of the theoretical performance to the actual performance) is 73.12% while the average inverter performance (the ratio of the theoretical inverter efficiency to the actual inverter efficiency) is 98.56%. Moreover, it is found that the daily yield factor of the PV system is 2.51 kW h/kWp day while, the capacity factor is 10.47%. However, it is concluded that the productivity of the system is below the prospected rate and thus, an inspection of the system must be done in order to diagnose the problem of the system's low productivity. This paper presents worthwhile information for those who are interested in PV system installation in Malaysia and nearby country.

AB - This paper presents a field operation experience for a grid connected PV system under tropical climate. The system is consisted of a 5 kWp photovoltaic (PV) array and a 6 kW DC/AC inverter. The operation performance data are recorded in order to develop accurate mathematical models for the system as well as to evaluate the productivity of the system. The experiment results show that, the average PV performance (the ratio of the theoretical performance to the actual performance) is 73.12% while the average inverter performance (the ratio of the theoretical inverter efficiency to the actual inverter efficiency) is 98.56%. Moreover, it is found that the daily yield factor of the PV system is 2.51 kW h/kWp day while, the capacity factor is 10.47%. However, it is concluded that the productivity of the system is below the prospected rate and thus, an inspection of the system must be done in order to diagnose the problem of the system's low productivity. This paper presents worthwhile information for those who are interested in PV system installation in Malaysia and nearby country.

KW - Grid connected PV system

KW - Malaysia

KW - Photovoltaic

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84876520289&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84876520289&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/j.enconman.2013.03.030

DO - 10.1016/j.enconman.2013.03.030

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:84876520289

VL - 71

SP - 115

EP - 119

JO - Energy Conversion and Management

JF - Energy Conversion and Management

SN - 0196-8904

ER -