Acne prevalence, severity and risk factors among medical students in Malaysia

Leelavathi Muthupalani, H. C. Tan, J. W D Puah, M. Apipi, A. E. Sohaimi, N. F. Mahat, N. M. Rafee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Aims: Acne is a common skin disorder which can cause physical scaring and impact the quality of life. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence, severity and the risk factors for developing acne among medical students in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study among UKM medical students from academic year 1 to 5 was conducted from July 2011 to May 2012. A total of 361 students were selected by stratified cluster sampling method. Baseline data of the students, risk factors, height and weight were recorded. Acne severity was graded using the Comprehensive Acne Severity Scale (CASS). Results: The prevalence of acne among medical students is 68.1% (n=246). Males and females were almost equally affected (1:1.1). Majority students with acne were graded as almost clear (55.7%, n=137), mild (35.0%, n=86), moderate (7.7%, n=19), and severe (1.6%, n=4). More than half of them had developed acne scars (59.0%, n= 213). Males were found to be at higher risk of developing acne compared to females (p<0.05, OR=4.734; 95%CL=2.726-8.222). They are also at higher risk of developing moderate and severe grades of acne compared to females (p=0.001). The odds for developing acne was higher when mother (p=0.029; OR=1.752; 95%CL=1.058-2.902) or father (p=0.027; OR=1.852; 95%CL=1.072-3.201) had acne. When both parents were affected by acne the odds of developing acne was 3 times. (p=0.025; OR=3.056; 95%CL=1.153-8.094). Conclusion: This study shows that the prevalence of acne among medical students is high. Hence, it is important to identify those at risk and provide optimal treatment to prevent scarring and possible low self esteem among these future doctors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)187-192
Number of pages6
JournalClinica Terapeutica
Volume165
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Fingerprint

Malaysia
Acne Vulgaris
Medical Students
Students
Cicatrix
Cross-Sectional Studies
Self Concept
Fathers

Keywords

  • Acne vulgaris
  • Medical
  • Prevalence
  • Risk factors
  • Severity
  • Students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Muthupalani, L., Tan, H. C., Puah, J. W. D., Apipi, M., Sohaimi, A. E., Mahat, N. F., & Rafee, N. M. (2014). Acne prevalence, severity and risk factors among medical students in Malaysia. Clinica Terapeutica, 165(4), 187-192. https://doi.org/10.7417/CT.2014.1731

Acne prevalence, severity and risk factors among medical students in Malaysia. / Muthupalani, Leelavathi; Tan, H. C.; Puah, J. W D; Apipi, M.; Sohaimi, A. E.; Mahat, N. F.; Rafee, N. M.

In: Clinica Terapeutica, Vol. 165, No. 4, 2014, p. 187-192.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Muthupalani, L, Tan, HC, Puah, JWD, Apipi, M, Sohaimi, AE, Mahat, NF & Rafee, NM 2014, 'Acne prevalence, severity and risk factors among medical students in Malaysia', Clinica Terapeutica, vol. 165, no. 4, pp. 187-192. https://doi.org/10.7417/CT.2014.1731
Muthupalani, Leelavathi ; Tan, H. C. ; Puah, J. W D ; Apipi, M. ; Sohaimi, A. E. ; Mahat, N. F. ; Rafee, N. M. / Acne prevalence, severity and risk factors among medical students in Malaysia. In: Clinica Terapeutica. 2014 ; Vol. 165, No. 4. pp. 187-192.
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abstract = "Background and Aims: Acne is a common skin disorder which can cause physical scaring and impact the quality of life. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence, severity and the risk factors for developing acne among medical students in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study among UKM medical students from academic year 1 to 5 was conducted from July 2011 to May 2012. A total of 361 students were selected by stratified cluster sampling method. Baseline data of the students, risk factors, height and weight were recorded. Acne severity was graded using the Comprehensive Acne Severity Scale (CASS). Results: The prevalence of acne among medical students is 68.1{\%} (n=246). Males and females were almost equally affected (1:1.1). Majority students with acne were graded as almost clear (55.7{\%}, n=137), mild (35.0{\%}, n=86), moderate (7.7{\%}, n=19), and severe (1.6{\%}, n=4). More than half of them had developed acne scars (59.0{\%}, n= 213). Males were found to be at higher risk of developing acne compared to females (p<0.05, OR=4.734; 95{\%}CL=2.726-8.222). They are also at higher risk of developing moderate and severe grades of acne compared to females (p=0.001). The odds for developing acne was higher when mother (p=0.029; OR=1.752; 95{\%}CL=1.058-2.902) or father (p=0.027; OR=1.852; 95{\%}CL=1.072-3.201) had acne. When both parents were affected by acne the odds of developing acne was 3 times. (p=0.025; OR=3.056; 95{\%}CL=1.153-8.094). Conclusion: This study shows that the prevalence of acne among medical students is high. Hence, it is important to identify those at risk and provide optimal treatment to prevent scarring and possible low self esteem among these future doctors.",
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N2 - Background and Aims: Acne is a common skin disorder which can cause physical scaring and impact the quality of life. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence, severity and the risk factors for developing acne among medical students in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM). Materials and Methods: A cross sectional study among UKM medical students from academic year 1 to 5 was conducted from July 2011 to May 2012. A total of 361 students were selected by stratified cluster sampling method. Baseline data of the students, risk factors, height and weight were recorded. Acne severity was graded using the Comprehensive Acne Severity Scale (CASS). Results: The prevalence of acne among medical students is 68.1% (n=246). Males and females were almost equally affected (1:1.1). Majority students with acne were graded as almost clear (55.7%, n=137), mild (35.0%, n=86), moderate (7.7%, n=19), and severe (1.6%, n=4). More than half of them had developed acne scars (59.0%, n= 213). Males were found to be at higher risk of developing acne compared to females (p<0.05, OR=4.734; 95%CL=2.726-8.222). They are also at higher risk of developing moderate and severe grades of acne compared to females (p=0.001). The odds for developing acne was higher when mother (p=0.029; OR=1.752; 95%CL=1.058-2.902) or father (p=0.027; OR=1.852; 95%CL=1.072-3.201) had acne. When both parents were affected by acne the odds of developing acne was 3 times. (p=0.025; OR=3.056; 95%CL=1.153-8.094). Conclusion: This study shows that the prevalence of acne among medical students is high. Hence, it is important to identify those at risk and provide optimal treatment to prevent scarring and possible low self esteem among these future doctors.

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