Acid doped polybenzimidazoles based membrane electrode assembly for high temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cell: A review

M. Ahsanul Haque, Abu Bakar Sulong, Kee Shyuan Loh, Edy Herianto, Teuku Husaini, R. Emilia Rosli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

29 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

High temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells (HT-PEMFCs) are proficient clean energy conversion devices for automotive and stationary applications. HT-PEMFC could mitigate the CO poisoning, humidity and heat management, and sluggish of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Acid doped polybenzimidazoles (PBIs)/functionalized PBIs polymer electrolyte membranes are familiar uses for HT-PEMFC because of high proton conductivity with thermo-mechanical stability. Proton conductivity of PBI membranes is greatly promising by acid doping dimension and cell operating temperature. PBI reactive sites (=N. H) and acidic anions prominently contribute the proton transfer through the prolonged hydrogen bonding network. Coating and sprayed methods are prominent techniques for fabrication of gas diffusion electrodes (GDEs), although shrinkage and hairline surface cracks observed on GDEs. Multi walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) has been compromising unique characteristics for steady carbon support materials. Moreover, PTFE and PVDF can be used as catalyst binder to reduce corrosion rate. In this review, it has been focused the PBIs membrane, acid doping, GDEs, MEA and durability of MEA.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 31 Oct 2015

Fingerprint

polybenzimidazole
Proton exchange membrane fuel cells (PEMFC)
fuel cells
Diffusion in gases
assembly
diffusion electrodes
membranes
Membranes
Electrodes
acids
Proton conductivity
electrodes
protons
Acids
gaseous diffusion
Doping (additives)
Temperature
Proton transfer
Mechanical stability
Corrosion rate

Keywords

  • Acid doping
  • High temperature
  • Membrane electrode assembly and durability
  • Polybenzimidazole

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

Cite this

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abstract = "High temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells (HT-PEMFCs) are proficient clean energy conversion devices for automotive and stationary applications. HT-PEMFC could mitigate the CO poisoning, humidity and heat management, and sluggish of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Acid doped polybenzimidazoles (PBIs)/functionalized PBIs polymer electrolyte membranes are familiar uses for HT-PEMFC because of high proton conductivity with thermo-mechanical stability. Proton conductivity of PBI membranes is greatly promising by acid doping dimension and cell operating temperature. PBI reactive sites (=N. H) and acidic anions prominently contribute the proton transfer through the prolonged hydrogen bonding network. Coating and sprayed methods are prominent techniques for fabrication of gas diffusion electrodes (GDEs), although shrinkage and hairline surface cracks observed on GDEs. Multi walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) has been compromising unique characteristics for steady carbon support materials. Moreover, PTFE and PVDF can be used as catalyst binder to reduce corrosion rate. In this review, it has been focused the PBIs membrane, acid doping, GDEs, MEA and durability of MEA.",
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AU - Haque, M. Ahsanul

AU - Sulong, Abu Bakar

AU - Loh, Kee Shyuan

AU - Herianto, Edy

AU - Husaini, Teuku

AU - Rosli, R. Emilia

PY - 2015/10/31

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N2 - High temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells (HT-PEMFCs) are proficient clean energy conversion devices for automotive and stationary applications. HT-PEMFC could mitigate the CO poisoning, humidity and heat management, and sluggish of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Acid doped polybenzimidazoles (PBIs)/functionalized PBIs polymer electrolyte membranes are familiar uses for HT-PEMFC because of high proton conductivity with thermo-mechanical stability. Proton conductivity of PBI membranes is greatly promising by acid doping dimension and cell operating temperature. PBI reactive sites (=N. H) and acidic anions prominently contribute the proton transfer through the prolonged hydrogen bonding network. Coating and sprayed methods are prominent techniques for fabrication of gas diffusion electrodes (GDEs), although shrinkage and hairline surface cracks observed on GDEs. Multi walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) has been compromising unique characteristics for steady carbon support materials. Moreover, PTFE and PVDF can be used as catalyst binder to reduce corrosion rate. In this review, it has been focused the PBIs membrane, acid doping, GDEs, MEA and durability of MEA.

AB - High temperature proton exchange membrane fuel cells (HT-PEMFCs) are proficient clean energy conversion devices for automotive and stationary applications. HT-PEMFC could mitigate the CO poisoning, humidity and heat management, and sluggish of oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Acid doped polybenzimidazoles (PBIs)/functionalized PBIs polymer electrolyte membranes are familiar uses for HT-PEMFC because of high proton conductivity with thermo-mechanical stability. Proton conductivity of PBI membranes is greatly promising by acid doping dimension and cell operating temperature. PBI reactive sites (=N. H) and acidic anions prominently contribute the proton transfer through the prolonged hydrogen bonding network. Coating and sprayed methods are prominent techniques for fabrication of gas diffusion electrodes (GDEs), although shrinkage and hairline surface cracks observed on GDEs. Multi walled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) has been compromising unique characteristics for steady carbon support materials. Moreover, PTFE and PVDF can be used as catalyst binder to reduce corrosion rate. In this review, it has been focused the PBIs membrane, acid doping, GDEs, MEA and durability of MEA.

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KW - Polybenzimidazole

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