Abdullah Ahmad Badawi dan Nikita Khrushchev sebagai reformis

Suatu perbandingan

Translated title of the contribution: Abdullah Ahmad Badawi and Nikita Khruschev as reformers: A comparison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

This article disputes the general opinion that equates the fifth Prime Minister of Malaysia, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi with the final supreme leader of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev. Instead, the author argues that the rise and fall of Abdullah closely resembles that of the Soviet reformist leader, Nikita Khrushchev. Although both leaders attempted to liberate themselves from the excesses of preceding leaderships, they underestimated the influence of conservative forces which had been firmly institutionalised under previous leaders' regimes. Reformation was found to depend on the ability of a leader to maintain the regime's equlibrium. If the nature of the regime changes, it could potentially pose a threat and resistance. Complicating this effort, both leaders possessed what is called 'the paradox of a reformer' - accompanying weaknessess that affect their reputation as reformers. Although finally removed from power, Khrushchev's reforms paved the way for Gorbachev's political transformation 30 years later. A comparable situation exists with respect to Abdullah's initiatives, which provided a favourable context for Najib Razak to further his predecessor's reforms. Despite efforts to restore the control approach in Najib's era, such measures have invited a serious backlash, prompting him to persevere with political openness and relaxation initiated by Abdullah.

Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)71-106
Number of pages36
JournalKajian Malaysia
Volume30
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012

Fingerprint

leader
regime
reform
reformation
reputation
minister
USSR
Malaysia
Reformer
threat
leadership
ability
Mikhail Gorbachev

Keywords

  • Abdullah ahmad badawi
  • Conservatism
  • Mikhail gorbachev
  • Nikita khrushchev
  • Politics of reform

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cultural Studies
  • History
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Abdullah Ahmad Badawi dan Nikita Khrushchev sebagai reformis : Suatu perbandingan. / Ismail, Muhamad Takiyuddin.

In: Kajian Malaysia, Vol. 30, No. 1, 2012, p. 71-106.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{9e67491815674772a6fdad2823a479d1,
title = "Abdullah Ahmad Badawi dan Nikita Khrushchev sebagai reformis: Suatu perbandingan",
abstract = "This article disputes the general opinion that equates the fifth Prime Minister of Malaysia, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi with the final supreme leader of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev. Instead, the author argues that the rise and fall of Abdullah closely resembles that of the Soviet reformist leader, Nikita Khrushchev. Although both leaders attempted to liberate themselves from the excesses of preceding leaderships, they underestimated the influence of conservative forces which had been firmly institutionalised under previous leaders' regimes. Reformation was found to depend on the ability of a leader to maintain the regime's equlibrium. If the nature of the regime changes, it could potentially pose a threat and resistance. Complicating this effort, both leaders possessed what is called 'the paradox of a reformer' - accompanying weaknessess that affect their reputation as reformers. Although finally removed from power, Khrushchev's reforms paved the way for Gorbachev's political transformation 30 years later. A comparable situation exists with respect to Abdullah's initiatives, which provided a favourable context for Najib Razak to further his predecessor's reforms. Despite efforts to restore the control approach in Najib's era, such measures have invited a serious backlash, prompting him to persevere with political openness and relaxation initiated by Abdullah.",
keywords = "Abdullah ahmad badawi, Conservatism, Mikhail gorbachev, Nikita khrushchev, Politics of reform",
author = "Ismail, {Muhamad Takiyuddin}",
year = "2012",
language = "Undefined/Unknown",
volume = "30",
pages = "71--106",
journal = "Kajian Malaysia",
issn = "0127-4082",
publisher = "Penerbit Universiti Sains Malaysia",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Abdullah Ahmad Badawi dan Nikita Khrushchev sebagai reformis

T2 - Suatu perbandingan

AU - Ismail, Muhamad Takiyuddin

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - This article disputes the general opinion that equates the fifth Prime Minister of Malaysia, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi with the final supreme leader of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev. Instead, the author argues that the rise and fall of Abdullah closely resembles that of the Soviet reformist leader, Nikita Khrushchev. Although both leaders attempted to liberate themselves from the excesses of preceding leaderships, they underestimated the influence of conservative forces which had been firmly institutionalised under previous leaders' regimes. Reformation was found to depend on the ability of a leader to maintain the regime's equlibrium. If the nature of the regime changes, it could potentially pose a threat and resistance. Complicating this effort, both leaders possessed what is called 'the paradox of a reformer' - accompanying weaknessess that affect their reputation as reformers. Although finally removed from power, Khrushchev's reforms paved the way for Gorbachev's political transformation 30 years later. A comparable situation exists with respect to Abdullah's initiatives, which provided a favourable context for Najib Razak to further his predecessor's reforms. Despite efforts to restore the control approach in Najib's era, such measures have invited a serious backlash, prompting him to persevere with political openness and relaxation initiated by Abdullah.

AB - This article disputes the general opinion that equates the fifth Prime Minister of Malaysia, Abdullah Ahmad Badawi with the final supreme leader of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev. Instead, the author argues that the rise and fall of Abdullah closely resembles that of the Soviet reformist leader, Nikita Khrushchev. Although both leaders attempted to liberate themselves from the excesses of preceding leaderships, they underestimated the influence of conservative forces which had been firmly institutionalised under previous leaders' regimes. Reformation was found to depend on the ability of a leader to maintain the regime's equlibrium. If the nature of the regime changes, it could potentially pose a threat and resistance. Complicating this effort, both leaders possessed what is called 'the paradox of a reformer' - accompanying weaknessess that affect their reputation as reformers. Although finally removed from power, Khrushchev's reforms paved the way for Gorbachev's political transformation 30 years later. A comparable situation exists with respect to Abdullah's initiatives, which provided a favourable context for Najib Razak to further his predecessor's reforms. Despite efforts to restore the control approach in Najib's era, such measures have invited a serious backlash, prompting him to persevere with political openness and relaxation initiated by Abdullah.

KW - Abdullah ahmad badawi

KW - Conservatism

KW - Mikhail gorbachev

KW - Nikita khrushchev

KW - Politics of reform

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84862584060&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84862584060&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

VL - 30

SP - 71

EP - 106

JO - Kajian Malaysia

JF - Kajian Malaysia

SN - 0127-4082

IS - 1

ER -