Abdominal obesity in Malaysian adults: National Health and Morbidity Survey III (NHMS III, 2006)

Chee Cheong Kee, Haniff Jamaiyah, M. N. Noor Safiza, A. Geeta, G. L. Khor, Suzana Shahar, A. R. Jamalludin, Rahmah Rasat, A. Z. Ahmad, Ruzita Abd. Talib, N. F. Wong, Y. Ahmad Faudzi

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Abstract

Abdominal obesity (AO) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, hypertension and diabetes mellitus in adults. There is a lack of data on the magnitude and socio-demographic profile of AO among Malaysian adults at the national level. In the Third National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS III) conducted in 2006, AO of adults aged 18 years and above was determined based on the waist circumference as part of the nutritional status assessment. This article reports the prevalence of AO in relation to socio-economic factors and demographic characteristics of adult subjects. Out of a total of 33,465 eligible individuals 18 years and above, waist circumference was measured in 32,900 (98.3%) individuals. The prevalence of AO was assessed using the cut-off points recommended by World Health Organization. The mean waist circumference in men and women was 84.0cm [95% confidence interval (95% CI): 83.8, 84.3] and 80.3cm (95% CI: 80.1, 80.6) respectively. The national prevalence of AO was 17.4% (95% CI: 16.9, 17.9). The identified risks of AO were women (OR: 4.2, 95% CI: 3.8, 4.6), aged 50-59 years (OR: 5.6, 95% CI: 4.0, 7.7), Indians (OR: 3.0, 95% CI: 2.4, 3.8), housewives (OR: 1.4, 95% CI: 1.1, 1.7), subjects with primary education (OR: 1.3, 95% CI: 1.1, 1.5) and ever married (OR: 1.4, 95% CI: 1.2, 1.6). Being the largest population-based study on AO among Malaysians, these findings have important public health implications. There is an urgent need to revise public health policies and programmes aimed at prevention of abdominal obesity especially in the groups at risk.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)125-135
Number of pages11
JournalMalaysian Journal of Nutrition
Volume14
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2008

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Abdominal Obesity
Health Surveys
morbidity
confidence interval
obesity
Confidence Intervals
Morbidity
waist circumference
Waist Circumference
public health
Public Health
Demography
homemakers
health policy
Nutrition Assessment
sociodemographic characteristics
socioeconomic factors
public policy
World Health Organization
Public Policy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Food Science

Cite this

Kee, C. C., Jamaiyah, H., Noor Safiza, M. N., Geeta, A., Khor, G. L., Shahar, S., ... Ahmad Faudzi, Y. (2008). Abdominal obesity in Malaysian adults: National Health and Morbidity Survey III (NHMS III, 2006). Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, 14(2), 125-135.

Abdominal obesity in Malaysian adults : National Health and Morbidity Survey III (NHMS III, 2006). / Kee, Chee Cheong; Jamaiyah, Haniff; Noor Safiza, M. N.; Geeta, A.; Khor, G. L.; Shahar, Suzana; Jamalludin, A. R.; Rasat, Rahmah; Ahmad, A. Z.; Abd. Talib, Ruzita; Wong, N. F.; Ahmad Faudzi, Y.

In: Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2008, p. 125-135.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kee, CC, Jamaiyah, H, Noor Safiza, MN, Geeta, A, Khor, GL, Shahar, S, Jamalludin, AR, Rasat, R, Ahmad, AZ, Abd. Talib, R, Wong, NF & Ahmad Faudzi, Y 2008, 'Abdominal obesity in Malaysian adults: National Health and Morbidity Survey III (NHMS III, 2006)', Malaysian Journal of Nutrition, vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 125-135.
Kee, Chee Cheong ; Jamaiyah, Haniff ; Noor Safiza, M. N. ; Geeta, A. ; Khor, G. L. ; Shahar, Suzana ; Jamalludin, A. R. ; Rasat, Rahmah ; Ahmad, A. Z. ; Abd. Talib, Ruzita ; Wong, N. F. ; Ahmad Faudzi, Y. / Abdominal obesity in Malaysian adults : National Health and Morbidity Survey III (NHMS III, 2006). In: Malaysian Journal of Nutrition. 2008 ; Vol. 14, No. 2. pp. 125-135.
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abstract = "Abdominal obesity (AO) is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease, hypertension and diabetes mellitus in adults. There is a lack of data on the magnitude and socio-demographic profile of AO among Malaysian adults at the national level. In the Third National Health and Morbidity Survey (NHMS III) conducted in 2006, AO of adults aged 18 years and above was determined based on the waist circumference as part of the nutritional status assessment. This article reports the prevalence of AO in relation to socio-economic factors and demographic characteristics of adult subjects. Out of a total of 33,465 eligible individuals 18 years and above, waist circumference was measured in 32,900 (98.3{\%}) individuals. The prevalence of AO was assessed using the cut-off points recommended by World Health Organization. The mean waist circumference in men and women was 84.0cm [95{\%} confidence interval (95{\%} CI): 83.8, 84.3] and 80.3cm (95{\%} CI: 80.1, 80.6) respectively. The national prevalence of AO was 17.4{\%} (95{\%} CI: 16.9, 17.9). The identified risks of AO were women (OR: 4.2, 95{\%} CI: 3.8, 4.6), aged 50-59 years (OR: 5.6, 95{\%} CI: 4.0, 7.7), Indians (OR: 3.0, 95{\%} CI: 2.4, 3.8), housewives (OR: 1.4, 95{\%} CI: 1.1, 1.7), subjects with primary education (OR: 1.3, 95{\%} CI: 1.1, 1.5) and ever married (OR: 1.4, 95{\%} CI: 1.2, 1.6). Being the largest population-based study on AO among Malaysians, these findings have important public health implications. There is an urgent need to revise public health policies and programmes aimed at prevention of abdominal obesity especially in the groups at risk.",
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